WOMEN’S DEFICIT IN CHINA
by Ségolène on Février 16, 2015 - 5:48am
" What kind of women do I wish?, wonders a young thirty years old Chinese man. It does not matter! It is so difficult to find a woman today. I want one, that's it! " For several years already, a new phenomenon appeared in China: a women's deficit. Indeed, there are today 34 millions more men than women in China, and only women's deficit causes in its turn a birth’s deficit.
This phenomenon is largely due to the One-child policy, set up in 1979 by Deng Xiaoping, and to the discriminations against women. So, more and more Chinese have only a single child and, most of the time, they wish it was a boy. In reality, the society exercises strong pressures on families so that they make sure that their future child will be a boy. Chinese consider traditionally boy as family’s guarantee, who has to take care of his old parents, must better be able to bring money that a girl to the family, while assuring the name’s perpetuation. A girl is, at her parents, only passing through.
In her marriage, she will leave to devote herself to her family in-laws and she will owe nothing more to her own parents. In the Chinese countryside, we know that it is necessary to "bring up a son to prepare our old age ", because we shall never touch a pension". To bring up a girl ", says a Chinese proverb, it is " to cultivate the field of an other one ".
The preference to the boy is thus very net. Selective abortion and infanticide against girls are common practices, and explains this unbalanced report girls / boys. The problem for men from this selective practice is that they have to pay the price of this privilege by wives' lack. And it engenders strong social tensions, most of the time to the detriment of women, and violent or adulterine behavior. Prostitution has also strongly been developed in cities and sometimes the search for a wife also exchanges abroad , in particular in Vietnam for two thirds, in Burma and in North Korea.
So, the first economic world power still has however a lot of social progresses to do. Especially, demographic imbalance seems to be Chinas’ Achilles' heel, which risks later to engender a lot of social but also economic problems, if the authorities do not intervene. Will China manage to bring out of this Pitfall and, more widely, to ally finally growth and development?