World of Cities
About this class
The aim of the course is to ask how and why cities grow, where humans choose to live, and to look at the evolution of “place” over time.
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I chose this summary because I feel concerned by this topic. As a woman who wants to study in software engineering, which is a position mostly occupied by men, I feel that our society needs to overcome the gender inequality in workplaces. As Xavier points out in his summary, it is hard for women to achieve leadership roles because they are perceived softer than men. In addition, Ward and Eddy (2013) mention that it is also because women are associated with children and parenting, while having a leadership job seems incompatible with such a lifestyle. However, women have already overcame, in the past, the stereotype that they should stay at home and take care of the kids. They are as capable as men to be devoted to their job and accomplish leadership roles. In the article that I read, Ward and Eddy (2013) suggest that Institutions should help to create a good working environment for individuals who wants to achieve their professional goals as well as having a family life, that current leaders should promote the accomplishments of women in leadership positions and include both, men and women, in discussions about mentorship, gender, leadership, and development.
Our society should overcome the challenge of the gender inequality. The world would be enriched by new ideas and new concepts if we give the chance to women to speak up and propose their ideas.
Source: WARD, K., & EDDY, P. L. (2013, December 13). Women and Academic Leadership: Leaning Out. Chronicle of Higher Education. p. A27.
I decided to respond to this case because I live in Montreal and traffic is something that affects me almost everyday of my life. Whether it is to go to school, work or even to a friends house, traffic in and outside of city affects me. Sometimes it can be because of rush hours that i'm stuck in traffic, but sometimes its simply because of construction work.
Since I cant stand traffic, by my own will, I decided to use public transport more often. It is probably the best solution to get around town and works in your favour to save time. Not to mention that it is also very good for the environment and that it is good for my conscience. But how can a city make people take public transit more often?
One of the most interesting solutions to this problem was used in Seoul, South Korea a few years ago. How about demolishing and getting rid of freeways and highways in cities in order to reduce traffic? It is not the usual solution that city officials decide to take, but this is probably the best solution that brings multiple positive factors and reducing traffic all at once. According to Sylva Lane, "after the city [of Seoul] had adjusted, traffic decreased, public transportation increased and a slew of environmental improvements cleaned up an area previously choked with exhaust and congestion" (Lane, 2008). This just goes to show how bold and effective this solution was for the city and people of Seoul.
In the end, if this solution worked for Seoul, it does not mean it is going to work for the rest of the cities that have heavy traffic issues. I believe a multiple of solutions should be undertaken instead using a couple to reduce traffic. Maybe Montreal could use some advice from Seoul city officials and undertake such project to remove highways in order to clear up some of the everyday road congestion around the city!
- anthony patulli
Lane, S. (2014, July 08). 4 Groundbreaking Ways Cities Are Reducing Traffic. Retrieved October 17, 2017, from http://mashable.com/2014/07/08/cities-traffic/#N6YO31mvvGqC
This Article was very intriguing to me as the title peeked my interest. I found your your summary very insightful as it provided me with a solution to the problem of mass traffic that had never occurred to me before. Although the solution of working at home is a very effective alternative to being stuck in traffic i believe that this idea is better on paper than in real life. I think it would be impossible for people to all work from home due to the fact that many jobs require presence in offices or stores. For example people working in sales in a store, cooks, waiters, doctors, etc. Also a lot of people need to work under supervision in order to answer questions and just to be more efficient in general.
Working from home isn't the only green solution to traffic though, "More than 30 per cent of all urban traffic is caused by people searching for a parking space, according to IBM, so another mitigating solution is smart parking." (Milton,2013). This solution relies on parking sensors detecting if a space is used or not and send this information via an app on your smartphone, thus minimizing the hunt for parking spaces which in turn reduces emissions used by the your vehicle and from the vehicles stuck in traffic caused by people searching for parking.
Source: Milton, C. (2013, March 26). Smart solutions to end city traffic gridlock. Retrieved October 17, 2017, from https://www.raconteur.net/sustainability/smart-solutions-to-end-city-cen...
When scanning across the class’ article summaries, this one caught my interest because pollution caused by transportation concerns a big majority of people living in cities, especially in the suburbs, where most people need to have a car to drive to work. How many times have you stayed caught in bad traffic, trying to get in and out of Montreal during rush hour? Not only is it a pain to deal with and unpredictable, it also has disastrous impacts on the environment with all of the engines running. I chose to comment on this article because I found it is pertinent, clear and well constructed.
I personally think that there are two major solution that could be brought to attention to diminish pollution and traffic issues. First, to diminish pollution, I agree with you that electric cars can make a huge difference. Their distance ranges between charges are increasing every year with newer available models for the population. They are a little bit more expensive, but in Quebec, when buying an electric car, the government can help pay part of it, since they want to encourage ecological transportation methods. Second of all, a second option would be public transportation such as buses. People should be using buses more often to get from point A to point B, since less cars on the road mean less traffic and less gas emissions. I even found an article on the internet talking about new electric buses that were put in function in Montreal not long ago. In fact, “the STM has been testing the electric buses to make sure they can stand up to Montreal’s harsh winters, and now they are ready to take on passengers” (CBC News 2017). The STM’s goal is to have a fully electric fleet of buses by the year of 2025. I think this is an extremely good initiative.
Reference: CBC News. Going green: New STM electric buses put to the test. Retrieved from http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/montreal/stm-montreal-electric-bus-fleet-1....
I really enjoyed your summary of Diana Budd's article, it was well organized, instructive and fun to read. I agree with the fact that urban planning does not help end racism but on the contrary acts as one more obstacle in the way of a united world. I was impressed when you wrote about simple overpasses being too low could influence certain transport routes and influence segregation. I think one solution to this issue would be to try to involve minorities in urban planning because like you stated only a fraction of minorities are involved in urban planning. "A 2007 American Planning Association task force found that fewer than 10 percent of the organization’s members are racial minorities, compared to more than 30 percent of the U.S. population." (Honeywell,2015). Involving minorities and the habitants of every type of neighbourhood is essential in my opinion while planning cities to make sure that the need of everyone is heard and addressed.
Source: Honeywell, R. (2015, October 29). Does Urban Planning Have a Race Problem? Retrieved October 17, 2017, from https://urbanedge.blogs.rice.edu/2015/10/29/does-urban-planning-have-a-r...
When scanning across the class’s article summaries, yours particularly interested me because pollution and environment is a subject that I find important, more than ever, these days in many countries around the world. I also find that your summary and analysis are very well written and clear to follow. I also learned a lot by reading this: I had not thought before that air pollution in China and in other countries could increase the gap of inequalities between rich and poor people. I only knew about the enormous health risks for citizens.
I find it absolutely horrifying that some people in Beijing even have to buy extremely expensive air purification systems in their homes! In our case, we are lucky because we have good air quality. But we shouldn’t take it for granted. When seeing other countries’ situation, it is clear that there is a big problem with fog buildup and health and economical struggles caused by this phenomenon. As we know, China is making great efforts trying to diminish air pollution and has set many measures to achieve this goal. For example, I read in an article that the Chinese government has installed many laws about company pollution and is distributing big fines to people who do not respect these measures, tightening its environmental policy. “The city’s environmental protection bureau handed out fines totalling 183m yuan (£21.5m) for pollution law violations in 2015, according to state media” (Fullerton 2017).
Reference: Fullerton, J. (2017). Beijing hit by dirty smog but observers say air is getting better. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/2017/mar/31/china-beiji....
This topic is very interesting since it shows a reality unfamiliar to ,us happening quite far from here and not being representative of our society because we are already quite developed. The article that I have found confirms the information found in MahroshKhan's summary about the reasons for the newfound influx of people in urban areas, which are to find jobs and better living conditions. What interests me is the imminent repercussions that this new reality will have. My article shows that as cities become saturated, the government of India will take more and more measures to develop rural areas. I think that this is a good example of issues revolving around urban planning and that we should keep an eye on India's development in the future.
Tulloch, James. "India's urban migration crisis." Allianz, 18 Oct. 2011, https://www.allianz.com/en/about_us/open-knowledge/topics/demography/art...
I chose this article because crimes in cities are an issue for everyone, for residents, visitors, workers, etc. and considering that I love living in cities, it is quite worrying to constantly have to think about something happening to you.
In 2016, crime rates have indeed increased in the U.S. by about 13%, but what is the most troubling about this number is the fact that nation-wide, crime rates have gone done except in three cities: Chicago, Washington, D.C. and Baltimore. For example, the increasing crime rate in Chicago are hypothesized to be related to the shrinking police force, the segregated neighborhoods and the increase in gang violence. While it is important to find ways to solve this issue, because they are important, we should not neglect the good side of the story, we should also focus that overall, excluding those cities, cities in the U.S. are safer than they were before.
I think that even though every city is different, we can use what we know about crime rates in cities, the factors related to the crime rate as well as how come in some cities, crime rate has gone down while in others, they have gone up to find a potential issue for cities such as Chicago were the crime rate is predicted to increase in the future.
Hoover, A. S. (2016, September 19). National crime rates rise, but only in three cities. Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com-ebsco-crc.proxy.ccsr.qc.ca/login.aspx?direct....
This is a very interesting topic these days, that’s why I chose this summary to comment. Firstly, I really like your approach to this issue by “promoting women” instead of just creating rules!
Indeed, even if we apply laws equalising men and women, this will never change the perception of women in a society. In many domains, especially finance and politics, we clearly see a division between the two genders in matter of the employment ratio, and sadly, the salary of a woman doing the same tasks as a man.
In many conservative societies, especially in the East, women are usually seen at home doing “women tasks” such as cooking and cleaning… For example, in this essay book titled “Japanese Women,” many authors express the Japanese society’s struggle with accepting women in many domains. Even if the government implemented laws to protect women at work, such as the “Equal Employment Opportunity Law (EEOL)” it did not change the population’s perception of women. Indeed, even if they have “equal” employment opportunity and salary, they end up doing more tasks than men do in the same amount of hours. The only way is to promote women’s work, because for the same idea, a man would be more praised than a woman, and “as long as a gendered division of roles in the household” exists, woman will be able to have and equal place in the society. In reality, it depends on men, if they are willing to help women in these situations.
As for my opinion, I am totally convinced that in order to make women equal in the society, we, as men, need to accept them and stop being blinded by old cultural and historical stereotypes. Women can do everything men can do, there are no exceptions.
Ueda, Y., Fujimura-Fanselow, K., & Kameda, A. (1996). Japanese women: New feminist perspectives on the past, present & future]. Resources for Feminist Research, 25(1), 37-38. Retrieved from https://proquest-crc.proxy.ccsr.qc.ca/docview/194883625?accountid=44391
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