Monsanto the Great
by Zoe.Papadatos on Novembre 13, 2013 - 12:13pm
Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) have a bad reputation, and it might have something to do with Monsanto, a large corporation that specializes in chemical and agricultural biotechnologies. Some people would go as far as to say that Monsanto is the most evil corporation in the world (and that’s saying something), but why?
GMOs can be highly beneficial to feeding earth’s growing population, currently at around seven billion people. It could offer nutritional benefits to people in dire need, as well as reduce the global warming threat that pesticides create. There are countless possibilities when the structure of an organism can be genetically altered, so why are so many people opposed to GMOs? It is unfortunately because they are often associated with Monsanto. As it may or may not be known, Monsanto has a reputation for wanting to dominate the food market. They once tried to sue Percy Schmeiser (as well as others like him), a farmer from Saskatchewan, for growing their patented RoundupReady canola seed without paying the user fee. Schmeiser counter-sued for crop contamination, trespassing, and defamation.
"What Monsanto is really after is control of the seed supply," says Schmeiser. He says that the plants on his farm must have been contaminated with his neighbour’s patented seeds, which raises concern on the long-term effects of biotechnology on agriculture and the environment.
"Biotechnology innovations can reduce or eliminate reliance on pesticides and herbicides that may contribute to environmental degradation," Monsanto argues. However, critics add that herbicide-tolerant breeds of GMOs are more likely to lead to increased herbicide use.
In the end, the court decided that a “higher lifeform” (animals and plants) cannot be patented. Therefore, whether Percy Schmeiser grew Monsanto’s genetically modified seed on purpose remains an open question. Consequently, it is not allowed for Monsanto to patent their GMOs in Canada, although they have the right in other countries.
Despite this court case, Monsanto continues to patent their GMOs, such as any pig offspring produced using their methods. In result, Monsanto would have ownership of pigs with a certain genetic trait, allowing them to sue farmers with pigs who share a similar gene. Although the patent applications take several years, Monsanto will ultimately gain a greater monopoly over the food industry.
Singer, Jeff. "David countersues Goliath [Percy Schmeiser suing Monsanto]." Alternatives Journal 13.26.1 (2000): n. pag. ProQuest. Web. 13 Nov. 2013.
Hamilton, Graeme. "Monsanto Applies to Patent Pigs." Alternatives Journal 13.31.5/5 (2005): n. pag. ProQuest. Web. 13 Nov. 2013.