The right to choose my death

by Youyou417 on Février 13, 2017 - 2:40pm

Euthanasia, also known as medical assisted dying, is the practice of taking an action of ending a life to relieve unstoppable the pain and suffering of an individual. There have been heated public debates over the ethical and moral issues euthanasia has brought forth. Based on the social, cultural values as well as religious beliefs, different countries set their own laws either in favor of mercy killing or against it. In most countries today, euthanasia is prohibited or at least not recommended. The Canadian society, on the other hand, promotes the respect of human life and human dignity, with a goal to maximize care and justice for the people that are living with their bodily pain or mental sufferings. Therefore, I believe that euthanasia is ethically and morally right.

To begin with, euthanasia is considered a moral way to kill someone by relieving the person from physically or mentally unbearable pain. The two main classification of euthanasia are voluntary and involuntary. Voluntary euthanasia is conducted with consent. A person choosing to die asks for help to end his/her life. Involuntary euthanasia is conducted without consent. In this case, the person is unable to make a decision by himself because of mental illness, coma or brain damage, etc. Euthanasia benefits the individual who chooses to end his/her life since it puts an end to the patient’s suffering after medical treatments on incurable diseases. The person involved has the right to be the decision-maker on his life and death. Each individual has the freedom and right to accept and put in term its own death without violating the rule of the society. According to utilitarianism, one self-happiness determines the ethical decision of a moral dilemma. “John Stuart Mill, in his Utilitarianism, states that this primary ethical rule is following this happiness-producing theory” (Utilitarian Ethics). According to his theory, euthanasia brings happiness to most of people since the patients suffering from the illness do not have to endure the pain so they are happy. Therefore, the ethical decision is happiness-oriented and altruistic

According to deontological ethic, Kant suggests that there should be rules imposed on people to guide them to act in the ethical way. “Being an ethical person […] entails being guided by absolute rules, universal laws, and moral principles that hold, without exception, everywhere.” (Ethical Absolutism) In other words, following the rule is a duty for people to act ethically. In light of his theory, human dignity and basic respect are the most essential value to judge if an issue is ethical or not. The categorical imperative also argues “every person should be treated as a person and not as a means to some end”. In a less personal point of view, people are more able to judge and to make an ethical decision. Therefore, practicing euthanasia is ethically wrong since the person involved in terminating another’s life does not at all respect human dignity and human life. Moreover, the idea that euthanasia could be involuntary means that the doctor or the physician should not in the position to deny patients’ right to live and be given the authority to put an end to their lives.

Thus, utilitarianism is the best solution for euthanasia since bringing happiness to the patients would allow them to make the choice on their own.

 

Work cited:

Merril, John. " Theoretical Foundations ofr Media Ethics". Media Ethics: 345-LPH-MS, Marianopolis College, 13 Feb. 2017, Courspack.

Unger, Walter. "Euthaniasia" Canadian conference, March 2003, http://www.mennonitebrethren.ca/resource/euthanasia-and-the-sanctity-of-.... Accessed 7 Feb. 2017

 

 

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