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In the article "Fishing problems: poor fisheries management," it explains the problems that are going on in oceans and fisheries and what their main causes and affects are. Oceans are also threatened by marine plastic pollution and each year, an estimated 8 million tons of plastic enter the oceans, with microplastics becoming part of the food chain. Scientists estimate that without urgent action, there could be more plastic than fish in the ocean by 2050.  While complex, the issue of ocean plastic waste is a solvable challenge.

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According to the article "Are current fishing regulations misguided?" by John Matson, fishes all over the world continue to decline while certain species of fishes are being driven to endangerment at an alarming rate. Governments all over the world has implemented different kinds of regulations such as selective fishing in order to reduce the likelihood of an endangered species being caught and sold. What the government did not account for are the unintended consequences such as unintentionally shifting the ecosystem out of balance.

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According to the article “Climate change could raise food insecurity risk”, the extreme weather changes may have a big impact on the food storages in many countries. Specially the underdeveloped countries. The scientist had argued that with a change of 2°C higher, some places will not be able to provide the same amount and species. The study looked at 122 developing and least-developed countries, mostly in Asia, Africa and South America.

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The article "Arctic Wintertime Sea Ice Extent is among Lowest on record" by Marie Jose Vinas talks about the annual winter time peak. The arctic sea reached a maximum of 5.59 million square miles of ice surface cover making it the second lowest on record, only beaten by last year's record by 23,200 square miles. Annually, the ice in the Arctic thickens and thins over the year and the past 4 years have seen the Arctice ice cover diminish slowly.

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The article titled “Environmental Consequences of Oil Spills”, written by Larry West for ThoughtCo, outlines, as its title states, the consequences of oil spills originating from sources such as pipelines, on the environment. West explains that an oil spill on land infiltrates the soil and may render it unable to sustain the lives of local plants as well as it used to. This can affect the entire ecosystem if other creatures are dependent on the existence or abundance of these plants.

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According to the article "The Global footprint of fisheries" by Julie Cohen, 55% of the world's waters are covered by fisheries. The Earth is composed of at least 70% water, so being able to cover 55% of that is staggeringly impressive (human greed is the best motivation afterall). UC Santa Barbara teamed up with prominent scientific figures such as Global Fishing Watch, National Geographic, Dalhousie University,Skytruth, Google, and Stanford University in order to accurately illuminate the world's global fishery net.

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The United Kingdom sends most of its wastes to recycling countries such as China. In the year, they have sent over 800,000 tonnes of waste to be recycled. In the year 2018, China has finally refused to accept any more foreign wastes leaving the UK in a conundrum of what to do with the waste they can no longer send to China. Two options remain open to them: Burning or Burying.   

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The world is riddled with problems such as climate change, pollution, poverty, wars, and etc. These problems are currently unresolved and will most likely stay as is for longer periods of time. Although that is case, here are few examples of problems which can be addressed at a shorter period of time, and will help lessen the burden of the aforementioned problems.    Overpopulation:  

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There have been all kinds of wars waged throughout history: wars waged in name of personal vendetta, war over land, war over religions and ideologies, war against rulers (kings not the measuring rulers), war against racism and sexism, and etc... A report from 1999 Statewatch stated that the currently increasing population could cause some serious repercussion to the environment as it cannot meet the demanded resources needed in order to sustain the consuming population.   

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A team of researchers discovered incredolous amounts of cadium and arsenic in the air of the hotspots of Portland, which can prove hazardous to human health such as development of anomalies in children and cancer. During the investigations of these hotspots, the same team of researchers found an unlikely indicator of highly polluted air: the moss named Orthotrichum lyelli, which is not only cheaper than the current method they are using, but also much much more economical.

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Since they began in the GMO business, Monsanto has caused a lot of collateral damage to the environment with their Genetically Modified crops. For example, their Monsanto Roundup Canola has made organic canola nonexistent in the prairies, according to Saskatchewan Organic Directorate, due do pollen drifting across fields, thereby contaminating the growth of organic canola and making it GMO as well. Their Roundup products have also, over the last thirty years, been shown to reduce the amphibian population as the main active ingredient in it. glyphosate, is very toxic.

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I lived in Philippines for more than half of my life and the first thing i noticed as soon as i moved here to Canada was how much more cleaner the air and place is. Since developing countries such as Philippines are growing not only in population but also economically, more garbage being thrown and neglected by road sides and canals are inevitable. What could be avoided though, is neglecting road side garbage, improper water and canal management and the protection of the countries' endangered species.

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I like the idea of electric cars, being a fan of technology myself, it is not hard to image how happy I would be to try a tesla or simply ride a nissan leaf. In the recent years, the Government of both Canada and USA have made many improvements to the highways isntalling many electric vehicule charging stations allong resting areas to help people travel long distance. I believe electric cars are the future and will cause less pollution. 

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Scientists have recorded that the global temperature has been rising constantly since the industrial revolution. Though some speculate it to be a pattern that goes around every 100 thousand years, it is still becoming a huge problem as our technology advances.According to Jeff Tollefson's article, reducing the methane and black carbon emmisions could immensely decrease the projected warming by 2050.

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