Gambling with caribou is risky business. Weighing the odds in natural resources management, the federal government is dealing with the risk of caribou extinction and criticism from the forestry industry. Protecting the natural habitat of caribou ranges and mitigating the impacts of human activities has prompted the implementation of the caribou action plan. To foster resilience, restrictions to industrial activity in all 51 caribou ranges are endorsed. This is creating conflict stemming from different values, interests and cognitive understandings of the recovery strategy.