We know that with atmospheric CO2 on the rise, CO2 in the ocean water is as well. This increase in CO2 is acidifying the oceans and causing great harm to many of the organisms that call the ocean their home. Although the oceans are large and difficult to manage there is an act out there that is working to protect and conserve the Coral Reefs.
In 2000, the National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) enacted the Coral Reef Conservation Act. This act gave NOAA the authority to undertake many activities to understand, manage, and protect coral reef ecosystems (NOAA, 2011). Ocean... [+] Read more
It is clear that Ocean Acidification (OA) is a chemical process, but there are also biological impacts associated with this phenomenon. There are marine organisms classified as calcifying organisms. These organisms rely on carbonate to build and maintain their calcium carbonate skeletons. Some of these organisms include corals and plankton. Where the acidity of the water increases the pH decreases and these organisms can’t function properly.
There is a species of subarctic pteropod, Clio pyramidata that is experiencing difficulties due to OA. The C. pyramidata cannot produce... [+] Read more