Will China's One-Child Policy Change Course?
by jmckoymarchand on November 15, 2013 - 11:07pm
The article “Rethinking China's one-child policy” on behalf of CBC news highlights the present situation concerning the issues in relation to China’s population and its one-child policy. The purpose of the article is to inform the general public that China’s one-child policy stands to cause a negative impact on the population. Meanwhile, it furthermore notifies its readers to be acquainted with the fact that circumstances will only get worse given that nothing is done to solve and/or diminish the severity of the issue.
Just about 30 years ago, China had introduced the one-child-policy as a means of controlling the population growth of what used to be a poor country. Nonetheless, China has recently started to perceive the consequences of what was thought to be a solution with little to no side effects. The implication here is that China is currently in face of the fact that its population is aging rapidly by cause of birthrates being low; especially in its urban centers. By way of illustration, it is stated that in Shanghai, 20% of the population is over the age of 60 which happens to almost be twice the national average. In addition, Hong Kong happens to have the countries’ lowest birthrates which like Shanghai, makes for the circumstance that the population is aging at too fast of a rate. Zuo Xuejin, a population expert with the Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences states "I believe it is time to relax the one-child policy because in the future we will have a serious challenge because of too-low fertility." That being said, he conclusively holds the belief, like many others, that there must be substantial policy changes in the near future. As a result, one can argue that this is a social issue because the aging population caused by the one-child policy affects all people of China as it will inevitably cause the economy to slow down with time. One of the many reasons for this is because as individuals will be retiring, there may not be a sufficient amount of people to replace them which arguably foreshadows an economic plunge for the future generation(s) to come.
I personally believe that the Chinese government needs to come up with a solution relatively quickly, especially considering the fact that if they do end up loosening the one-child policy, it’ll take a significant amount of time to even start noticing change as time is needed to let the population mature. I think it’s safe to say that it’s worrisome in the sense that China may soon be facing serious economic dilemmas. If it were up to me, I would choose to completely terminate the one-child policy for the reasons that it guarantees effectiveness and because the one-child policy was actually supposed to be a temporary measure, not one of which should've lasted 30 years and counting. Ultimately, despite the fact that China has a population of more than 1.3 billion, it’s imperative that the population needs to start increasing as fast as conditions allow them to.