Environmental Impacts of Ocean Fishing

by maurane on April 20, 2018 - 2:19pm

Summary 4:

In the article “Environmental Impacts of Ocean Fishing & Fisheries by Content Provider, the author informs us how human activities effects on ocean fish stock.  According to the article, fisheries are responsible for causing damage to the ocean and destroying its ecosystem. Actually, recent studies claim that fish stock is constantly declining is the United State. Therefore, they claim that in 2048 there will be no wild-caught seafood anymore. According to the article, there are a few causes that explain how fisheries are affected by Human activities. Over-fishing is one of them. Since many populations depend on fish to survive, overfishing has serious consequences on for these population since there will be not enough fish for the population. Pollution and contamination are also one of the human activities that affect the ecosystem. Actually, the ocean is contaminated because of all the sewerage, industrial runoff, toxic waste and radioactive waste that human has dropped in the ocean. Also, fishing boat and ocean traffic also contribute to the ocean pollution. Moreover, fishes are killed because of the toxicity and oxygen depletion of marine waters caused by the agriculture activities, urbanization, and industries.  Furthermore, Methods like explosive fishing and cyanide fishing and Bottom trawling remove approximately 5% to 25% of an area’s seabed life on a single run. The article then proposes some solutions to prevent this problem. Such as Promoting good fisheries management, combating illegal fishing, cutting out destructive fishing practices and developing sustainable technologies.

 

In my opinion this article is well organized in a way that it clearly states how human activities affect the ocean fishing and fisheries. I loved that the article stated some solutions instead of just stating the problem. But, I believe that the article was lacking of exemples and statistics. Statistics and exemples makes the reader really understand the real impact of the problem.

http://worldwideaquaculture.com/environmental-impacts-of-ocean-fishing-fisheries/

 

Comments

i have decide to comment on your article because i fully agree on how human activities have a major impact on fisheries and due to this, fisheries end up having a negative impact on the environment. before oceans used to be exploding with diverse fish species, but over the years humans have over fished these species.The method and equipment that that fishermen use have ended up having such a negative impact on water bodies filled with fishes. Impacts so bad that that fishing now threatens the lives of millions of people in the developing world that happen to depend on fishing in order to survive as explained in the article "China's Appetite Pushes Fisheries to the Brink" by Andrews Jacobs. Water bodies are now having less diversity in fish species within them, that countries go and fish in different oceans or seas in order to catch some fishes. countries like china which have the worlds largest fleet of fishing boats. since they have exhausted their fishing resource close to home, they have decide to travel to the waters of West Africa in order to fish in it. on top of this they are breaking national and even international laws set on fishing in another countries water body. the Chinese government who finance the journey of these fishing boats do not care because they pass the domestic unemployment and food security of their people before the health off the oceans around the world and the countries that rely on them. The fishing fleet of china most of the time end up fishing most of the fishes in the oceans of West Africa leaving little to almost nothing for the local fishers to fish. This ends up decreasing incomes for local fishermen and an increase in food prices for the population of developing countries who would depend on fish as their primary source of meat. This also brings about numerous maritime dispute between china and other countries. Indonesia has "towed" many of china's boats for fishing in its water, while Argentine went to the extreme and sank one of their ships. There has even been evidence of certain death casualties in these sort of confrontation. Over fishing has also made fishermen have to turn to a different way to make money. In the text of Andrew, it is explained how Philippine fishermen have to to agriculture to survive. They ended up burning countless number of protected coastal jungle to make way for their rice agriculture. But sadly, heavy rains usually ends up washing away the soil they made for their rice, rendering the land useless. These are just a few consequences that Over fishing fisheries have caused. it has not only a negative impact on oceans but it can bring about social impacts and economic impacts as well.
https://www.nytimes.com/2017/04/30/world/asia/chinas-appetite-pushes-fis...

I chose to answer this summary because I think it is important to focus on the causes of the issues surrounding the ocean and fisheries in order to stop them rather than trying to find solution to fix the problems. The article of World Wildlife Fund For Nature (WWF) enumerates these problems. Adding to the problems that the summary cited, the WWF article explains other causes. First, there is none or almost none regulation for fishing, when there is regulation, it is not enforced. Also, the lack of information from the fisheries, the too less no-fishing zones and the government and other fisheries does not follow the scientific recommendation is affecting negatively the ocean ecosystems.
Link to article:
http://wwf.panda.org/about_our_earth/blue_planet/problems/fisheries_mana...

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