Asia's overfishing problematic and the need of aquaculture
by danchelariu on April 20, 2018 - 6:30pm
In the article "Sustainable seafood farms can help Asia's oceans" by Mata Press Service, the main purpose is to show how overfishing and destructive fishing in Southeast Asia puts its sustained existence at risk, despite the diversity of the marine ecosystem. The resource base of fisheries is at a medium to high risk of overfishing in the future, as the UN reports the extinction of exploitable fish stocks by year 2048 which is an economical consequence that also affects seafood production and needs. Asia co-chair Sonali Seneratna Sellamuttu claims that by that year, the region is likely to lose a tremendous part of the bioversity and corals without intervention. A suitable call to action according to experts and scientists would be to expand the sustainable aquaculture within the region in order to reduce pressures on natural fish stock and to practice aquaculture for an increase in fish supply and also employment and economical advantages. The causes of this issue is the lack of science-based knowledge on the region’s marine ecosystems for policy information and an insufficient focus on cultivating replacements to wild catch fisheries. Also, the competition of the fishery industries may lead them to collapse as scientists propose that the fishing regions have to cease all destructive fishing and highly reduce harvest. Aquaculture is a global efficient way to increase seafood supply according to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, and in this case Canada may help save Asia's oceans.
In my opinion, the issue is relevant worldwide, since its consequences represent a high economical risk and also a massive reduction in seafood production and the ecosystems that are being destabilized by overfishing and destructive fishing. Also, it is important to realize those consequences are global, in order for other countries to learn from the problematic of overfishing in Asia's oceans and to prevent the situation of spreading across the world, which would create a greater issue. According to many statistics shown in the article, aquaculture is a huge step to increasing fish supplies that directly helps the whole situation of becoming worse. If every country adheres to sustainable aquaculture and to reduce the overall fishing harvest, would it potentially come to a point where it is not an issue anymore?