Only four percent of the ocean is protected
by atherrien on November 6, 2015 - 12:21pm
The University of British Columbia published an alarming article on the actual ocean space officially protected by governments. A grand total of four percent of the ocean is protected, amount far acceptable for any basic environmental targets. The cause of this study is the drastic loss of biodiversity across the world. The only realistic way to solve the problematic is to create more marine protected areas (MPAs). In 2010, representatives from 200 countries met in Nagoya, Japan, to discuss the issue. The virtuous agreements that still need to be made between different countries slow the process down quite significantly, in a way that the target set to protect ten percent of the ocean by 2020 sounds more like a tour-de-force. It is important to notice, however, that the past decade has seen improvement. 0.65 per cent only of the ocean was protected in 2006. Wildlife from unprotected areas need to cope with the heavy passage of boats and over-fishing, as there is often no rules in such zones. Indeed, this might lead to some species extinction and the general degradation of ecosystems.
I personally believe that there should be more MPAs in order to avoid some multi-national taking over a part of the ocean and completely rip it. However, I do understand the evident difficulties of creating such zones due to various governments needing to collaborate. Hopefully, with newly elected Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, Canada’s more progressive approach to environment – he does not deny climate change! – will ease the processes with other countries, since the goal is not profit but protection.
Only four percent of the ocean is protected. (October 26, 2015). Retrieved November 6, 2015.