Impact of lack of energy and rapid increase of energy in the world
by Mdavid on September 25, 2015 - 9:36pm
Sustainable Earth: Energy
By: Brian Handwerk for National Geographic News
The problem stated in this article is the lack of access to affordable energy for more than three billion people in the world and a rapid increase in the demand for energy in countries such as China and India.
Sally Benson, director of Stanford University’s Global Climate and Energy Project is the main contributor to the National Greographic News article and explaines that the lack of affordable technology contributes to many people not having access to affordable modern electricity for basic daily things such as lighting or heating. This lack of access means that they need to use energy sources such as wood, coal, charcoal and dung, that affect their health directly. This is a major problem in the sustainable development in underdeveloped countries. Sally Benson indicates that this problem should be addressed in the short term to help reduce the number of deaths estimated to 2 million people per year. On a longer-term period, she stated that another energy system needed to be developed in order to support the increase in demand for energy since at the current rate of usage, the current energy system will be depleted by 2050.
One of the important solutions she discussed is the use of cleaner energy sources such as the exploitation of newly found natural gas deposits. For the longer-term energy problem, Sally Benson discussed the importance of developing renewable energies such as solar and wind. She feels that these technologies are very reliable and are becoming more affordable as progress is made in their development.
I believe that the information in this article is not only correct but also an eye opener. However, I think that since people who have easy access to energy do not stop to think about those who do not have access to it, are not likely to put the required pressure on governments to address the short-term problems without more public awareness. And without more initiatives to help provide more access to clean energy, more people will die and the number of people not being able to afford energy will continue to increase. In the long term, if technologies for renewable energies are not commercialized for a greater number of people, we might all run out of energy before 2050 as estimated in the article.