Social Inequalities in Aboriginal Communities

by audreynoiseux on October 24, 2017 - 11:59pm

An article was published on CBC News on October 24th, 2017. The publication resumes the new initiative taken by the government of Alberta to teach the history and culture of First Nations, Métis and Inuit, and the legacy of residential schools. The measures are taken in order to adopt some of the recommendations made my the national Truth and Reconciliation Commission. That committee has been created in 2007, after thousands of victims have decided to sue the Canadian government and the catholic church for what they had made them go through and won their battle, ending with a $1.9-billion settlement of the lawsuit.  In 2015, the same commission described the residential school system as a ‘cultural genocide’.  According to them, it is primordial that children are taught that in schools. They believe that this is the first step towards comprehension, open-mindedness and reconciliation. The article points out that “twenty-five of the 140 schools were in Alberta, more than in any other province” and that the system changed the lives of over 150,000 First Nations children. The new curriculum is meant to only be a first step in the right direction. The Education Minister David Eggen says that another curriculum, named the K-4 and “set to be revealed next year, will be infused with elements of First Nations, Métis and Inuit history and culture in all subjects, as will later grades”.

 

The Canadian Journal of Criminology & Criminal Justice published an article in July 2017 called “Aboriginal Incarceration in Canada since 1978: Every Picture Tells the Same Story”:

http://web.b.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail/detail?vid=7&sid=132020ae-42d3-4101-bed4-d884e0e87162%40sessionmgr101&bdata=JkF1dGhUeXBlPWlw#AN=123724138&db=afh

 

The American Journal of Public Health published an article in July 2016 called “Suicide Rates in Aboriginal Communities in Labrador, Canada”:

http://web.b.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail/detail?vid=8&sid=132020ae-42d3-4101-bed4-d884e0e87162%40sessionmgr101&bdata=JkF1dGhUeXBlPWlw#AN=116097678&db=afh

 

The Canadian Ethnic Studies published in 2014 an article called “Education, Employment, and Income Polarization among Aboriginal Men and Women in Canada”:

http://web.b.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail/detail?vid=10&sid=132020ae-42d3-4101-bed4-d884e0e87162%40sessionmgr101&bdata=JkF1dGhUeXBlPWlw#AN=101544248&db=afh

 

Those three different peer-reviewed academic journal articles are helpful to understand the overall situation of Canadian Aboriginal people. The first article brings light to a major social problem: the over-representation of Indigenous people in Canadian jails. It is important to read about the subject and analyze what could be the causes of the issue. The second article emphasizes on the problem of suicide rates being higher in Aboriginal communities. That issue is another consequence of the actual stigmatization of Aboriginal people and of what has been done in the past. Finally, the third article focuses on some other aspects such as education and employment. Lots of problems develop when there is a lack of support in education and employment. Therefore, that last article is primordial for the prevention of major social issues.

About the author

I recently took a year off to travel and volunteer, since then, my perspective of the world completely changed and so did I. I feel that I can now adapt to almost any situation, I enjoy meeting new people and am very easy going.