Latin America: Can Their Violence Rates Decrease?

by danielam on September 6, 2017 - 12:09am

        On August 22, 2017, Robert Muggah and Juan Carlos Garzón wrote an article, What it will take to stem the violence in Latin America, in the Los Angeles Times about the violence in Latin America. They talk about the violence in many cities of Latin America which makes the citizens feel unsafe most of the time. In a survey, conducted by a new campaign called Instinct for Life, it was found that Latin Americans believe that violence in their countries can be stopped with prevention strategies, like education and employment, rather than increasing the punishments for the criminals. Instinct for Life is sponsored by a partnership between more than 40 Latin American organizations from Brazil, Colombia, El Salvador, Honduras, Guatemala, México, and Venezuela- which are the 7 countries with more homicides in the region.


The Instinct for Life campaign’s objective is to cut the homicides rates in Latin America in half by 2030. The article concluded with measures that can successfully prevent more homicides which were taken from the Instinct for Life campaign. These strategies focus on the youth of the country to help them stay away from violence and focus on acquiring new skills school which will help them in their future jobs to have a better life.  


I find this source is reliable because the LA Times is the “largest metropolitan daily newspaper in the United States” according to LA Times website and Wikipedia. They are known worldwide and they have won many prizes for their news articles. The Los Angeles Times is a big news company with a good reputation and they know that if they posted false information then they would be known as unreliable and many will stop believing their news. This article provides statistics and evidence for the authors' arguments and provided the link to the website where they got the information which also included many graphs and more statistics. This means that they researched the topic and found outside articles which assist in proving their argument.


         Both authors, Muggah and Garzón, have a position in the Igarape Institute in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. “The Igarapé Institute is an independent think and do tank devoted to evidence-based policy and action on complex security, justice and development challenges in Brazil, Latin America, and Africa.”  Their goal is to motivate debate, nurture communication, and initiate action. This gives them more credibility to their argument because they study, analyze and work with the Latin American community. They write about a subject they know and have researched for some years.


         In order to know if a source is reliable certain things must be done. For example, you should look at the source itself, is it a big news company or a blog written by someone? Also, search for the author are they well-known writers or reporters? In the article, are there any outside links that give proof of the argument or is it all opinion based?



I am glad you brought up this issue. Considering I got to visit The heart of Central America, Honduras, this summer and experienced first hand what this article talks about. Although, thankfully, i didn't witness a crime first hand during my visit, I did have to double my vigilance everywhere I went. I wasn't able to walk around the city just like you would here in Montreal, and we would always travel in cars and spend minimum time outside when we weren't inside the walls.

In your post you mention that you believe "the source is reliable because the LA Times is the “largest metropolitan daily newspaper in the United States” according to LA Times website and Wikipedia". Although i do not challenge the fact that it might in fact, have the title they claim, but i am unsure of the two sources this claim comes from. We do know that Wikipedia isn't the most reliable source itself because of how easy it is for someone to alter the information on any article. But also, the LA Times itself claims that they are “largest metropolitan daily newspaper in the United States”. Which could definitely just be a publicity stunt or something they advertise on their website without it actually be true. It builds trust between the reader and the company because the reader might believe the information is more truthful if they see that what they are reading comes from what they think is the “largest metropolitan daily newspaper in the United States”. I could definitely see why a company would write that on their website without it actually being true. Which makes the argument of the LA Times being a reliable source because of it's label as the “largest metropolitan daily newspaper in the United States” partly invalid.

In the article you have linked, I found another article the author was referring to which proves a very important point.South America can be proved to be one of the most dangerous areas of the world just by a fact like that "Brazil alone is home to 25 of the 50 most homicidal cities in the world."And the article that this fact comes from is a New York Times Article which is itself, a very reputable news source for the world.After reading the whole article at the bottom, there is a note about the authors. "Alejandra Sánchez Inzunza and José Luis Pardo Veiras, the authors of “Narco América,” are currently doing research for En Malos Pasos, a project on homicide in seven Latin American countries." Which proves, without even doing extensive research, that the authors know what they are talking about and do much research on this subject.
Article referred to in the comment:

Hello Daniela,

I really like that you took this article because I have not heard about this in a while and I like that you bring it back up in the conversation. However, I think that if you want to prove that your source is credible, you should not say that the LA times is the “largest metropolitan daily newspaper in the United States” according to the LA times because it sounds like it might be super bias because they are promoting something that they said themselves. I would try next time to find another website that shows that the LA times is “largest metropolitan daily newspaper in the United States” because the credibility will be higher.

About the author

My name is Daniela Moncada and I am from Honduras. I am a third-year student at Champlain College St. Lambert studying Tourism. I am loyal, honest and compassionate. I know 3 languages which are Spanish, English, and French. I also like to cooperate when needed and I can cook.