Legalization of marijuana

by charlottelapointe on September 19, 2016 - 7:17pm

The legalization of marijuana is a very controversial subject in our society. Although it may be legalized in many places, like Alaska, Colorado, Oregon, Washington, Uruguay and the District of Columbia, many places, like Canada, China, Denmark, Egypt, France, Ireland and Thailand strictly prohibit it.   The debate continues about what is the right decision.

 

In the article “The Legalization Juggernaut”, by Christopher Beach and William Bennett, the authors are against legalization of marijuana. First of all, the legalization of marijuana would increase drug consumption. Since marijuana wouldn’t be illegal anymore, many people that respected the law previously might experiment to see if it was beneficial for them. For example, in Alaska, after the legalization of marijuana, the use among teens jumped to twice the national average. Second of all, marijuana has deleterious effects on consumers. A study showed that marijuana users developed a brain abnormality in the parts of the brain that deals with motivation and memory. Also, according to the American Medical Association: "Heavy cannabis use in adolescence causes persistent impairments in neurocognitive performance and IQ, and use is associated with increased rates of anxiety, mood, and psychotic thought disorders." Since human life is fundamentally valuable, it is not ethical to legalize this drug that can end lives. Finally, the consumption of marijuana can lead to the consumption of harder and more dangerous drugs. Legalization of marijuana would violate the moral claim “do no harm” since it can put people’s lives at risk. People who use marijuana are more likely to use other drugs than people who do not consume marijuana. Values against the legalization of marijuana would be security and order.

 

In the article “Should Pot Be Legal?” by Thomas G. Donlan, there are many arguments for the legalization of marijuana. First of all, the legalization would greatly help the economy because of the tax revenue. According to the Libertarian Cato Institute, states could raise a total of about 3 billion dollars from marijuana taxes. Also, the legalization of pot would be one step closer to putting an end to American street gangs and Mexican drug cartels. Marijuana has some health benefits.  It is known to reduce stress and and help to relieve the pain and suffering of cancer patients. Denying the use of marijuana to these patients would be a violation of their rights, respect and individual freedom. It would contradict the moral claim “Respect people’s autonomy”. Furthermore, the legalization of marijuana would help deal with overcrowding in prisons since 8% of all U.S. prisoners are convicted for marijuana offenses. With this legalization, police officers could concentrate on more important crimes like predatory criminals, terrorism etc. Values for the legalization of marijuana would be adventure, autonomy, creativity, individual freedom, responsibility and pleasure.

 

The government has to choose whether to legalize this substance and possibly put people’s lives in danger because kids would easily have access to marijuana and people could become more easily addicted. However, this decision also has to respect people’s individual rights and beliefs and to give autonomy to the society while at the same time maintaining control. There is a very controversial line between security and individual freedom.

 

In conclusion, I believe marijuana should be legalized because I find the benefits outweigh the risks. Marijuana is just like alcohol, people have to learn to use it in moderation. The fact that it is illegal does not prevent people from already consuming it. Decriminalizing marijuana would help many sick patients to relieve their pain, it would decrease the population in prisons, it would also create tax revenue which could greatly help governments while at the same time reducing the number of street gangs. Preventing people from consuming marijuana in the comfort of their own homes is a violation of their individual freedoms. It is the government’s job to ensure a secure, safe and productive society, but there are other ways of doing this like creating specific laws regarding marijuana without completely banning it. Would the legalization of marijuana help to reduce the consumption of more dangerous drugs?

 

 

 

Bennett, William, and Christopher Beach. "The Legalization Juggernaut." The Weekly Standard May 05 2014: 18-20. ProQuest. Web. 11 Sep. 2016.

http://search.proquest.com.ezproxy.champlaincollege.qc.ca/pqrl/docview/1...

 

Donlan, Thomas G. "Should Pot be Legal?" Barron's 93.22 (2013): 25-7. ProQuest. Web. 12 Sep. 2016.

 

 

http://search.proquest.com.ezproxy.champlaincollege.qc.ca/pqrl/docview/1...

Comments

I totally enjoyed reading your article. You defend both points very well. In my opinins the marijuana should definitively be legalize because here in Quebec, from an article from La Presse, are one of the biggest friendly users of marijuana in a country where it is illegal. In an other article from Le Devoir, it said that the war against drug here in Canada cost two billion dollars in 2006. Then this money should be use to reduce the enormous tax dept. To conclude, this is a issue that really interest me from a political and social perspective because it could be an important asset to our economie. Again, great job on this article !

I find this ethical issue extremely interesting considering the fact that the debate about the legalization of marijuana is happening right now in Canada. I also found enjoyable the fact that you were able to argue with very complete and relevant arguments for both sides of the debate. Also, I totally agree with you on the fact that marijuana should be legalized in Canada because I believe that people’s autonomy and freedom should be respected and these two values are fundamentally important to me. However in your opinion, would it be enough to only legalize marijuana for medical purposes?

The fact that you provided two articles as references to your text makes it hard to find anything to argue against. I really like how you made a good correlation between your research and your own opinion.

Also, I admit that I share the exact same position as you on this debate. Marijuana is already everywhere in the country and it is not hard to find any if you really want some. Legalisation would only make it cleaner. My favorite argument in favor of legalisation is definitely the one about economy. I don't know the numbers, but I do know that marijuana would be an important income for the country. Marijuana may not be the healthiest thing to legalize, but is it really the worst? Some studies suggest that alcohol would be worst than weed and yet, the state is still selling it to us with a bigger taxation than on anything else. It is an individual freedom to be able to consume legally a product like marijuana that can bring benefits to someone.

If marijuana comes to be legalized, should it be sold to tourists?

I've have been hearing about this topic in the media, public speeches, public areas for as long as I can remember. like right now it's the highlight of the news since JT wants to legalize it in Canada. I like how not only did you drop some scientific facts about what can cannabis do to your cognitive ability, you also integrated the people's right to their own autonomy. If they do decide to legalize it, in my opinion, i think we'd be better off because there is less of a chance for kids to get their hands on it in my opinion. All in all, this was a great article to read.

I've have been hearing about this topic in the media, public speeches, public areas for as long as I can remember. like right now it's the highlight of the news since JT wants to legalize it in Canada. I like how not only did you drop some scientific facts about what can cannabis do to your cognitive ability, you also integrated the people's right to their own autonomy. If they do decide to legalize it, in my opinion, i think we'd be better off because there is less of a chance for kids to get their hands on it in my opinion. All in all, this was a great article to read.

I think that it is a very interesting issue to look on, because both sides have very good arguments to promote their point. Moreover, I don't think that we should base an argument about economical benefits knowing that marijuana affects the brain negatively. Yes marijuana relieves stress and relax, but it comes with its consequences. Exercises provides the same benefits without the bad effects. I also believe that the argument of releasing prisoners from marijuana possession or anything related to it, is erroneous, because these people are in jail for a specific reason such as having broken the law so they deserve being there.

In conclusion, I believe that the legalization of Marijuana should not happen, because of the effects related to the brain and also because I don't think that the arguments for are valid. So is it worth to legalize a drug only for economic reasons?