Oil Spills and Justice in the Niger Delta /Nigeria by Group 1
by tomej_1 on December 12, 2014 - 6:07pm
Summary of Niger Delta oil spill 2008.
The manufacture of oil revealed in the Niger Delta at about 4 decades, is causing a destructing effect in Nigeria. Families live along with the oil fields are breathing in methane gas as well as coping with frequent oil leakage in Africa's largest oil exporter. Oil giant Shell, the major Company responsible for the exploration in the Niger Delta region where they get 10% of its oil; is failing to invest in its networks to prevent pollution(BBC News 2013).
v What is the situation?
The situation in the Niger Delta is related to petroleum Industry. The locality is one of the largest wetlands in the world and the largest mangrove forest in Africa. It produces about 75% of the Nigeria’s petroleum which represent 50% of the national government revenue. Despite the vast oil reserves, the Niger Delta remains a region with higher level of poverty. Illegal oil refineries, higher level of corruption and connivance are the main causes of environment devastation, freshwater and localities pollution destroying vegetation and agriculture lands.
v Who are the Key stokeholds?
In the Niger Delta the stakeholders would be:
Ø The Government
Ø The militaries
Ø The oil Companies (Shell)
Ø The insurances Companies.
Ø Oil lifts Companies, to name a few.
v What are the key issues of each stakeholder group?
The issues are different and can vary depending on the group.
E.g. Shell is the operator company responsible for meeting the environmental policies and contributes directly or indirectly for the preservation and development of the local communities. Unfortunately Shell is no taking in account these important issues; therefore is creating a huge devastation of the environment including vegetation as well as destructing people’s well being by breathing polluted oxygen.
Military is the sector responsible for attributing opportunities for illegal business to give up their activities (Corruption) causing a disastrous impact to the environment; while they should ensure the accomplishment of the law to benefit the society and the country’s economy.
Government: In charge for admitting irregularities in the oil industry and been convenient to support those attitudes.
v What are the solutions to a better situation?
Ø Licensing small scales refineries which follow the government regulations strict in carrying the environment, the local population and agriculture land and vegetation. This projects would promoting:
Ø Creation of jobs by stopping people and environment exploitation.
Ø Diminish pollution.
Ø Promote a new society of opportunities free of criminalities.
Ø Regulations that promote a better final product quality.
Ø Regulate the sale market.
This measures will beneficiate the local communities by increase the country’s economy.
v Where else in the world are similar issues occurring?
Ø West Africa
Oil culture is not a blessing is just a disaster!