Understanding the real impact and cause of Homophobia

by BR on March 27, 2017 - 9:21pm

Understanding the real impact and cause of Homophobia

 

            I think as the fight against homophobia as a simple topic where Homosexuals are only asking for equality; they are just fighting for their human rights. But why does society makes this as something complex, and not easy to understand? Why do we always need to have a stereotype of how a relationship will be? Why do we always think of a family with a dad and a mom? What is the matter of seeing a mom and a mom, or a dad and a dad? Are these couples less capable of raising a kid? There are many questions but the answer for each of them is not. Being a biological parent does not make you more parent as a foster parent. What makes you a parent is the relationship that you have with your kid, seen your babies grow up, raising them and always having their back. Maybe at this point you are asking yourself why I am bringing this to the article. But after reading so many articles about homosexuals and homophobia I have come to realized that yes, it is a simple topic but it’s such a hard fight. Why? Homophobia does not come from one person who is not capable of understanding. It comes from society, and the stereotypes that are drawn in it. To fight against homophobia we have to address not only the way that nowadays we are educating a kid or an adult and how society is supporting hateful acts towards homosexuals but also, how this influences in an individual`s behaviour.  In my opinion to better understand my point, you need to recognize these 3 concepts explained by McGill University:

Psychology is the study of the mind and the behaviour. It can be seen as a social and biological science. Psychology as social science studies the nature of human beings and the influence of culture; relationships and group membership on individual personality and behaviour.

-it could help homosexuals to open up with a specialist about any discriminatory or hateful act, and as well we could get a better way to address homophobia through psychological research.

Cognitive Science is the multidisciplinary study of cognition in humans and machines. The goal of cognitive science is to comprehend the standards of intelligence with the expectation that this will prompt to better understand the brain and learning process and to create wise tools that broadens human capacities.

-it could help homosexuals to understanding why homophobia is happening and the necessary tools to fight against homophobia.

Sociology is best defined as the study of society. It clarifies the unpredictable social strengths which influence our lives, contributing to individual improvement and more powerful citizenship.

-In my opinion is the most important discipline as it explains how society acts in the way it does. Why we always stereotype and label people by their race, age, gender and sexual orientation.

I believe that these 3 disciplines can contribute when fighting against homophobia. Each of them can explain how homophobia works, how we can fight against homophobia and how we are looking as a society. You might think that they are not important for homosexuals but in my humble opinion, this is their key to freedom.

 

Comments

Truly, your article brings up a relevant point on the ongoing homophobia in our modern society. Sadly, homosexuals still face a lot of discrimination and it is a hotly debated issue. I agree with you that it is important for people to understand more about homosexuals to lessen the exclusion about homosexuals’ problems.

You made an interesting suggestion of addressing the topic through three concepts, but what I find the fact that heterosexuality is seen and represented as the only correct sexuality is what is primarily concerning. Hence, I wish to develop more on this aspect by introducing the term compulsive heterosexuality. Compulsive heterosexuality refers to the sole accepted sexuality set up by hegemonic masculinity which men should conform to and all other sexualities are deviant. It promotes a sexuality centered on the “natural” and “true” biological urge for sex among men. Indeed, it is about fulfillment of this masculine urge and not about emotion; it is not about want but about need. Focusing on the performance of masculinity rather than sexual need, demand for a lot of sex with a lot of women is mandatory. The rules require a right kind of sex with a right kind of ways with a right kind of people. Therefore, men tend to avoid gay people, strictly separating themselves from them, as there is a fear that close contact with gays will threaten and undermine their own masculinity, their dominance as subject.

Even though, my statement mainly speaks on masculinity but I am trying to advance a more open-minded approach so that allowing one should not be an obstacle for the other. We should be more accepting, supportive of the differences by looking beyond the majority, thus, making our world a more beautiful place. How great an accomplishment coexistence would be!

Finally, thank you for your awesome article and I hope my opinion was beneficial.

Here are some links about compulsive heterosexuality:

https://afeministtheorydictionary.wordpress.com/2007/07/18/compulsory-he...

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compulsory_heterosexuality

Truly, your article brings up a relevant point on the ongoing homophobia in our modern society. Sadly, homosexuals still face a lot of discrimination and it is a hotly debated issue. I agree with you that it is important for people to understand more about homosexuals to lessen the exclusion about homosexuals’ problems.

You made an interesting suggestion of addressing the topic through three concepts, but what I find the fact that heterosexuality is seen and represented as the only correct sexuality is what is primarily concerning. Hence, I wish to develop more on this aspect by introducing the term compulsive heterosexuality. Compulsive heterosexuality refers to the sole accepted sexuality set up by hegemonic masculinity which men should conform to and all other sexualities are deviant. It promotes a sexuality centered on the “natural” and “true” biological urge for sex among men. Indeed, it is about fulfillment of this masculine urge and not about emotion; it is not about want but about need. Focusing on the performance of masculinity rather than sexual need, demand for a lot of sex with a lot of women is mandatory. The rules require a right kind of sex with a right kind of ways with a right kind of people. Therefore, men tend to avoid gay people, strictly separating themselves from them, as there is a fear that close contact with gays will threaten and undermine their own masculinity, their dominance as subject.

Even though, my statement mainly speaks on masculinity but I am trying to advance a more open-minded approach so that allowing one should not be an obstacle for the other. We should be more accepting, supportive of the differences by looking beyond the majority, thus, making our world a more beautiful place. How great an accomplishment coexistence would be!

Finally, thank you for your awesome article and I hope my opinion was beneficial.

Here are some links about compulsive heterosexuality:

https://afeministtheorydictionary.wordpress.com/2007/07/18/compulsory-he...

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compulsory_heterosexuality

Great article and I could not agree more! I am a firm believer in the power of education in order to counter prejudices as I am a first hand example of how a course from the feminist world view opened my eyes to interpret situations in a way I have never before done. The educational approach not only teaches the historical context of such phenomena, but the lens begins to be engrained in you, making it a reflex to look into social issues more in depth. Ultimately, that type of mentality is what will eradiate these issues (although there will always be some bad people) in the most effective way possible. Your section regarding cognitive science mentions how it could be helpful to understand why homophobia is happening, to counter that I say that it is far more important to bring up how it came to be. When discussing topics such as hegemonic masculinity, virility and the patriarchal worldview, the historical aspects of homophobia and the emphasis on male heterosexual domination become very clear. This clarity is so important to me because it brings out the absurdity in many of the social phenomena that society has been laced with for ages, and when such absurdity is exposed, no prejudiced belief can stand to be validated.

Although I am sure that there are many bodies of work that may interest/help you, I unfortunately cant reference you to any due to the fact that my opinion is largely based in discussions that were never put in writing and published. I suggest maybe looking up buzzwords such as “hegemonic masculinity” and “virility” as these are heavily related to your subject.

A very mind-opening article on this issue! I enjoy how you show how three concepts regarding homophobia intersect to clarify and justify how homophobia can be fought. The concept of sociology you have mentioned may heavily relate to the analysis of the concept of social constructs.

Social constructs are where experiences and assumptions about civilization create labels and categories for all aspects of society. For example, hegemonic masculinity is a label as a result of the social construct of the patriarchy, where men must be strong, stoic, and much more. Due to the patriarchy and hegemonic masculinity, men have been deemed as sexual subjects. From the psychology behind the role of performing sexuality, men must desire women and cannot be desired. Therefore, by being desired by another man, the objectified man is put into a subordinate position, thus causing him to question his masculinity. Looking through a gendered lens, it can be seen that homophobia may be a result in the fear of not performing to the capacity of hegemonic masculinity. It is not to say that other factors such as religion, location, government and other factors have caused homophobia as well. Although, homophobia, like all opinions and values, are a result of influences and experiences one lives. Thus, homophobia throughout time with the help of hegemonic masculinity may cause certain men to distance themselves from any factor that could result in femininity, like being penetrated and being objectified. As these factors may seem to over exaggerate, this suggests a more complex reason to why homophobia has not been already completely removed from society.

This issue can be looked further into how lacking “power” over another man by being desired is used in sports to police men to be more violent and aggressive. As this issue can be discussed further, I would like to congratulate your article as it was very enlightening on this subject. Finally, again, I heavily enjoyed reading your article as it was very informative on the reasons of homophobia, allowing one to think further into this issue.

Terms:
Social Construct: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_constructionism
Hegemonic Masculinity: http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1149&context=artspapers
Patriarchal Society: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patriarchy
Sexual subject vs object: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u_4dPB9MVS8
Performing sexuality in terms of social roles: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Role
Policing: http://juricana-juricana.blogspot.ca/2012/10/social-policing.html

I enjoyed your article, you brought up some relevant points regarding homophobia in our society today. The world has changed a lot in the past 50 years and has become much more accepting of the homosexual community. However, even though the world has changed there is still the idea of the patriarchal world view, and heterosexuality being the correct sexuality for men and women. Men especially are pressured by society to be heterosexual, and this is called compulsive heterosexuality. Compulsive heterosexuality the idea that men do not have their own sexual identity, they all are/need to be heterosexual. It lacks pleasure and denies men their true needs. It says that men need have a lot of sex with multiple women, they must have an intense libido, and there is no emotion involved with the women. Furthermore, all heterosexual men must avoid all contact from the gay community. For example, if a heterosexual man seen as attractive by a homosexual man, it objectifies him and challenges his masculinity. This then leads to the avoidance of gay people, and contributes to the ongoing issue of discrimination and homophobia. Although some men might do this unconsciously, it helps support the idea that though society has changed and advanced, there are still issues that need to be addressed regarding the acceptance of all sexuality and sexual identities.

Here is an article on compulsive heterosexuality that you might find interesting:
https://genderpressing.wordpress.com/category/compulsory-heterosexuality/

About the author

BR

I. My name is Beth.
I am from Venezuela and I have been in Montreal for 3 years. I am someone who loves music and sports. I love experiencing new cultures which means meeting new people who can teach me something interesting about themselves.