Propaganda vs. Threats to Journalism
by B.Matthews on February 3, 2017 - 10:40am
The article by Professor Piers Robinson, “Fake News, Propaganda and Threats to Journalism” talks about the effects of fake news within social media to the impact of journalism. To ensure the reliability of this article, Professor Robinson is chair of the politics, society and political journalism. This article was written on January 25th, 2017 at the center for research on globalization. He starts off by stating how they are feeling threatened from governmental organizations suggesting the supremacy of “information environment.” Information environment is a way for organizations to accumulate and develop information. In comparison to propaganda, journalism is a form of writing to illustrate actual events that occur around the world. To feel intimidated, journalists are being manipulated and muzzled by a method known as propaganda. Propaganda is a term from the 20th and 21st century used to define different insights, gossip for the intention of consciously damaging another person’s writing. Since the conflict of ‘fake news’, the concern of exploitation has developed into one the top discussion for all news media outlets. Propaganda has, in fact, seven different forms which include; transfers, testimonials, glittering generalities, plain folks, bandwagon, name calling and card stacking. The main type of propaganda used in journalism is card stacking, this technique allows for journalists to omit reliable information and only choose the information needed to back-up their article. However, propaganda hasn’t always been about deceiving people about the reality. Before journalists used it as a way to deceive people, propaganda was a term used to influence a set of viewers. The author also states how the governments mislead people by distorting the truth about the Syrian conflict. The authenticity of the information caused a great debate with the government and Syria. To conclude, the government withheld and exaggerated a great extent of what actually occurred during the Iraq war from 2003. This led to the question about propaganda and manipulation; and whether or not the government should have omitted the actual facts about the Iraq war.