Human Trafficking and Human Rights: Three articles showing the plausible causes and resolutions to the social issue

by Mila NY on April 2, 2017 - 11:38pm

Human Trafficking and Human Rights: Three articles showing the plausible causes and resolutions to the social issue

 

Activists for human rights in India are clamouring for the introduction of a new law, though parliament has yet made a move. Kailaish Satyarthi, a children’s rights activist, says that the government and civil society groups have not come up with appropriate measures to counter child trafficking, causing the illegal activity to expand in rural areas. India’s ministry for women and children, concerned by the rising number of victims, came up with a new anti-trafficking legislation in May 2016, but government has not taken action to officialize it as a bill. Moreover, government has not established laws that could act in favour of the victims, such as national surveillance system and structure that shout for victims’ protection and rehabilitation. Kamat Ganotra, director of policy and advocacy for child rights, adds that laws need to focus on decreasing social and economic inequality, because most victims who are lured into the human trafficking hub are people at the bottom of the pyramid.  He also explains that India laws concerning human trafficking have been reactive rather than preventive, and protection was more focused around the cities rather than rural communities who are actually the most vulnerable. Current Indian law also defines human trafficking as commercial sexual exploitation, although there are other forms of exploitation, such as child labour. That flaw has led to the underreporting of offenders and allowed many convicts to be free of charge. Finally, in India, there is no need for documentation of authorisation, thus criminals could easily travel with groups of children without being interrogated (http://www.thenational.ae/world/south-asia/plagued-by-decades-of-child-trafficking-india-activists-call-for-crackdown). 

 

In my news-activist course, my last project would be to write a research paper about human trafficking. I find it terrifying how human trafficking is such a huge network of crime, not to mention it has expanded throughout the years. I want to understand why it takes place, especially when there are nowadays so many intricate laws in place. Throughout my previous researches, I learned that many victims came from poor areas, in areas where there is a lack of law and order which serves to explain why the rate of human trafficking is so high. However, what bothers me the most is how developed countries like the U.S. and U.K. are not free from this crime. So many victims from undeveloped countries are being shipped to booming countries, and so I wonder, “where has the application of law went?”. I think the reason why human trafficking can take place is because there are discrepancies in law. 

 

The purpose of my paper is to answer the following question: “What laws are most effective at helping reduce the crime?” I will be evaluating the social issue through three academic disciplines — sociology, politics, and law— and see how each discipline can either contribute or resolve the problem. I will take the sociological approach to discuss why some laws are more reinforced than others in different areas (http://search.proquest.com/pqrl/docview/1509177518/CA08236081484300PQ/1?accountid=44391). For instance, from the news article written by Rebecca Bundhun, it says that laws concerning the protection of victims were more concentrated in urban areas, yet rural inhabitants are those who needed surveillance the most. The discipline of politics will analyze government’s action towards the issue, and how they act upon it by establishing laws (http://search.proquest.com/pqrl/docview/1011049648/CFB807C6F7A84F7BPQ/4?accountid=44391). I especially want to understand why government does not interfere to fight the crime despite the number of human rights activists asking it to take action— the India’s ministry for women and children , for example. What pushes the government to act so slowly? Are there perhaps some hidden agenda, or does acting against trafficking bring repercussions to political interests? Lastly, I will talk about the discrepancies in law by writing about how some national laws prevent victims to practice their human rights. For example, the Indian law against human trafficking only defines the crime as sexual exploitation, but the United Nation’s definition is more detailed and asks that all countries fight against any form of modern slavery (http://search.proquest.com/pqrl/docview/883050208/A3BD6FBF6D4E4A3DPQ/12?accountid=44391).

 

Links:

 

http://www.thenational.ae/world/south-asia/plagued-by-decades-of-child-trafficking-india-activists-call-for-crackdown

 

http://search.proquest.com/pqrl/docview/1509177518/CA08236081484300PQ/1?accountid=44391

 

http://search.proquest.com/pqrl/docview/883050208/A3BD6FBF6D4E4A3DPQ/12?accountid=44391

 

http://search.proquest.com/pqrl/docview/1011049648/CFB807C6F7A84F7BPQ/4?accountid=44391

 

Comments

I am not sure whether I should be intrigued or petrified by this article. This post is powerful as it touches upon the dreadful reality of human trafficking. It shows the reader how human trafficking is a global issue since it includes both, developed countries (UK, USA, etc.) and Third World countries (India, etc.). I really like the way you included evidence to prove the severity of the human trafficking issue in India. Doing so supports the credibility of your article and makes the post much more persuasive.

Another concept to look at when discussing human trafficking is intersectionality. Intersectionality is a theory that explains how different types of inequality, discrimination, or oppression (racism, sexism, homophobia, ableism, etc.) overlap and reinforce one another. When many of these methods of oppression are combined, the social discrimination a person suffers grows exponentially. Intersectionality continuously changes because it depends on the person’s environment. Anyone who has an intersectional identity must be able to switch identity depending on where they are in order to survive in our world. For example, a homosexual, African-American male will take on an African-American, masculine identity when he is among black men, but he may adopt a homosexual identity when he is among gay men. This continuous swap of identities can be explained by “the hat game”. The various intersectional identities are like hats, and the person with the intersectional identity must be constantly paying attention in order to change their hat depending on the setting. The goal is conform to social standards or to blend in with the crowd.

Intersectionality is a factor that influences which humans are being kidnapped for human trafficking. In Canada, a working-class, indigenous woman is much more likely to be kidnapped for human trafficking than a middle-class, white female, due to her intersectional identity. Similarly, in the US, black and Hispanic women represent a large percentage of human trafficking victims. This is partially related to their intersectional identities as well.

I would like to say once more how interesting and captivating this article is. Well done!

References/Links:
Intersectionality: https://www.sfu.ca/iirp/documents/resources/101_Final.pdf
Human Trafficking in Canada: http://www.cbc.ca/news/indigenous/aboriginal-women-girls-targets-for-hum...
Human Trafficking in USA: http://victimsofcrime.org/docs/ncvrw2013/2013ncvrw_stats_humantraffickin...

I would like to start off by pointing out how intriguing your argument and post is. This is a despicable problem that still exists and it should be dealt with right away.

I would like to introduce a concept that may help you see this issue through a different lens. This concept is called intersectionality. Intersectionality refers to the way different kinds of oppression among minority groups overlap and reinforce each other. This idea is typically describes as the “hat game”. This insinuates that different minority groups need to emphasize different identities in different settings. Let’s take an African American Jew for example. In a setting with other Jews, this man would accentuate his Jewish characteristics. In a setting with other African Americans on the other hand, said man would need to play out his African American distinctiveness more.

The way that Intersectionality relates to your post is all about setting. In different settings, different minority groups get different treatment. For example, being African American around cops, being Asian while applying for school, being Muslim in an airport or a woman in a corporate setting would all suggest discrimination. Taking your example where the setting is in India, it is understood that Woman’s rights there are very minimal. With that being said, Intersectionality plays a role in why women are being objectified and used for human trafficking.

If you would like to read a bit more on Woman’s conditions in India, here is a link: http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-20863860

About the author

An art-enthusiast who is diagnosed with the incurable disease of wanderlust and traveled throughout the continent of North and South America, Europe, and Asia.