The 2016 Election Mirrors Media Backlash and The Emergence of Fake News

by matthewdaniel96 on February 13, 2018 - 3:19pm

Spring 2017



This article discusses fake news and its effects following the 2016 U.S elections. More specifically, false news articles that have circulated largely through social media. It discusses the significant changes of the media and news sharing, and how new platforms for media have effected politics and elections. By the early 2000’s, the internet has provided for a variety of social platforms to share news. In more recent years, platforms like Facebook and Twitter have become the center of news consumption for many people. Recent evidence shows that 62% of grown adults receive their news on social media. In addition, the most popular fake news stories were more widely shared on Facebook than the most popular mainstream news stories.


The growth of “news” in the media wasn’t the only change that would eventually lead to the emergence of fake news. A larger presence of news on social media also brought many more public opinions on matters such as politics. The 2016 election was the most prominent example of fake news and public opinions on social media. Economics of fake news and data of its consumption prior to the elections has been discussed. False news stories that appeared in the three months before the election, those favoring Trump were shared a total of 30 million times on Facebook, while those favoring Clinton were shared 8 million times. It has been recorded that the average American adult has encountered the order of fake news stories around the time of the election. Also, a significant amount to see those stories and believe them. All connecting to show how people turn towards news of their favorable candidate as well as the presence of fake news specific to social media.





Allcott, H., & Gentzkow, M. (2017). Social media and fake news in the 2016 election.The Journal of Economic Perspectives, 31(2), 211-236.


Authors: Allcott, Hunt & Gentzkow, Matthew



Hunt Allcott is an associate professor of economics at New York University. He is also a Research Associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research, and a Co- Editor of the Journal of Public Economics.


Matthew Gentzkow is an American economist and a professor of economics at Stanford University. He went to Harvard University and studied in the field of microeconomics, industrial organization and political economy. During his studies, Matthew received the John Bates Clark Medal for his excellence in economic thought and knowledge.


These authors are considered reliable because of their educational background and their current work fields. These two worked together on this article which has been peer edited in addition to its completion.


This article is on the ProQuest website which is specific for academic, corporate, government, school and public libraries, as well as professional researchers. It has been peer edited and published by two researchers specializing in economics research.  Thus, making this article credible for researchers.