Saving Our Oceans Before It Is Too Late
by koreilly3 on September 23, 2015 - 12:44pm
Scientists are sending out a plea for the oceans. The global climate change that humans have been contributing to has started the threat of mass extinction in the oceans. Heating of the oceans causes the acidity to rise which in turn forces ocean wildlife to either migrate to new areas or to try to adapt to the change in environment. 40% of coral reefs have died due to human action and climate change. Massive bottom trawlers scrape away the seabed, tearing apart coral reefs and upturning tons of debris. Today, over 460000 m2 is used for oil mining in the deep ocean. This is a threat to fragile ecosystems at this level by introducing pollution and the potential for spills. Scientists have conducted extensive research with the use of fossil records, fish catches and statistics on container shipping to find that, because the ocean is so vast and adaptable, we still have a couple more decades to try and reverse the immense damage we have done to it. We are told to cut back emissions and not adapt to the conditions we are already living in. We already are in full swing with the conservation of terrestrial ecosystems, so now we need to include the marine ecosystems that are just as important to the well being of our world.
When I first read this article I felt defeated because I knew if people read it, there would still be nothing done about the state of our oceans. Even though this article says we have more time to rescue our oceans than we previously thought, the urge to find new sources of oil and to increase fish catch is too intense to push aside. Although the ocean is a very adaptable body of water, it will still eventually come to an end where it can no longer keep its pH levels at a constant and, consequently, its wildlife will slowly become extinct. In class we talk about property rights and “who overlooks what” in a country. So I began to question what countries actually have legislatures about conserving the oceans. In areas of the ocean that are not owned or regulated by any one or country, how will anything be done in the conservation of its waters and wildlife? Countries will still pollute, dump, over-harvest and destroy sea beds if there are no strict laws put in place, but how can these laws even be passed, and by who?
What do you think could be done to reverse the damage done on the ocean?
Do you think global laws are viable?