Governments most often invest in public medical research programs that are likely to benefit the large majority of the population. This puts research for rare diseases at a disadvantage, as the private pharmaceutical industry is reluctant in investing in research that would not result in a lucrative business, as its results would target only a small number of people. Thus, patients with debilitating rare disorders are left without treatment options and often a lack of even a basic scientific understanding of the disease.
In recent years, stem cell research has been a cause for debate among scientists, doctors, and philosophers about the implications of the fundamental methodology encompassing said research. Most stem cell research is performed by destroying a human embryo that is several days old, harvesting the cells from the blastocyst for testing and experiments (Stem Cell Basics III).
In October 2006, Daniel F. Gunther and Douglas S. Diekema published a medical case report of a “6-year-7-month-old white female” (Gunther 1014) patient named Ashley that outlined her physiological condition and the program used to treat her, now known as the Ashley Treatment. The case report diagnosed Ashley with “static encephalopathy” (Gunther 1014), characterized by her developmental delay and inability to speak, walk, crawl, or even sit up at the age of 6.
Genetically modified crops (GMCs) have become widely used in agriculture over the last 10 years, constituting over 10% of the world’s harvest on arable land (ISAAA). By modifying the DNA of a plant through the introduction of a non-naturally occurring trait in the species, benefits such as higher crop yield and herbicide, pest, disease, and drought resistance can be found in the new product ("Genetically modified crops"). Despite scientific consensus affirming that GMCs do not pose a greater health risk than conventional food (Nicolia et al.
In late January 2017, geneticists at the Salk Institute in California announced a breakthrough for regenerative science: the successful creation of human-pig hybrids called chimeras. The creation of these organisms involved integrating human stem cells into embryonic pigs, and after several weeks of incubation, researchers observed that “some embryos showed that the human cells were beginning to specialize and turn into tissue precursors”(Belmonte et al.).
Submitted by Chinchilla on February 9, 2017 - 11:14am
Euthanasia is one of the most controversial moral dilemmas in medical science. It is the act of deliberately ending someone’s life, who is severely ill and in great suffering, with their consent. Other terms used to describe this act are assisted suicide or mercy killing. There is a lot of debate surrounding this issue, some argue that no individual should help another to commit suicide under any circumstance and that this act devalues human life.
Pregnancy is one of the most valuable times in a growing baby’s life. It is within pregnancy that babies will begin to grow things such as finger nails all the way to things like their organs. I chose this article by about the under consumption by mothers during pregnancy leading to heart health issues in infants because although my career focus is not scientific, it is on infants and toddlers. They are so near and dear to my heart and their health is the most important aspect of their young life.