Fighting against homophobia: three articles showing different factors that we can change to fight against homophobia.

by BR on April 3, 2017 - 12:36am

                                         In the article “Understanding the roots of homophobia around the world” written by Amy Adamczyk she explains how different factors such as money, freedom of speech and religious play a big role in homophobia in different countries. According to Adamczyk, every characteristic in each part of the world influences how people feel about homosexuality. She analyzed 80 nations in the attitudes, values and beliefs in order to explain the roots of homophobia. She claims that money shapes attitudes, when talking about poor countries; she explains that people are more concerned about basic survival. Therefore, citizens feel that if they stick together and work intimately with companions, family and group individuals, they will lead a more unsurprising and stable life. She explains that social researchers have found that a gathering attitude may create, urging individuals to think in similar ways and discouraging individual differences, such as homosexuality. On the other hand, citizens from richer countries tend to be more liberal. She also talks about freedom of speech and she explains that the type or government matters when talking about homophobia. Adamczyk says that when people have freedom of speech, there is more tolerance which encourages people to respect human rights. For last, she talks about religion views, she claims that when people are dedicated to religion they have more conservative views; therefore, they banned every factor that could violate religious sensibilities, discouraging homosexuality.

                        In my news activist class I have to write a final paper, my paper will relate to this article because in order to have a better world without homophobia in the future, we need to talk about the roots that are causing homophobia to increase. In my opinion this is a more general factor which explains why homophobia still exist in some countries but it gives an understanding that in order to stop homophobia there are a number of things that we need to change as a whole. The reason I choose this article is because I think it is important to talk about the roots of homophobia before talking about fighting against homophobia.

 

            The purpose of my paper is to answer the following question: “How can we          fight for a future without homophobia?” I will be reading and using three      academic journals in order to explain and find an answer to this social issue.

 

·         Reducing College Students' Homophobia, Erotophobia, and Conservatism Levels Through a Human Sexuality Course.

·         Taking a Stand: The Role of the Early Childhood Teacher in Educating Against Homophobia

·         Treatment of homophobia in a gay male adolescent.

 

             They are relevant because they explain how child and teen development plays    a big role in homophobia. Homophobia stars from the education, principles      and values that we learn in our society. Therefore, changing our way of                     learning and stereotypes that we think we need to follow, will lead us to a     society without homophobia.

 

 

Comments

Hello Beth! You build a very compelling argument in your post. It’s quite fascinating to learn that there are many factors that contribute to people’s perception of homosexuality, such as their financial stability, the political atmosphere of the country they reside in or their religious views.

However, I’d like to propose a gendered perspective on homophobia. I conjecture that homophobia can be directly linked to society’s perception of masculinity today, particularly pertaining to hegemonic masculinity. Hegemonic masculinity is a type of masculinity that promotes male dominance and that is celebrated as the ultimate mark of power. Men who conform to these standards are perceived as leaders and are rewarded handsomely in all aspects of life. These roles and expectations can be grouped into something called the Man Box, a self-regulating system that constructs a very narrow definition of masculinity and that confines men. Indeed, men who do not fit within the conventional Man Box, i.e. they display emotion, are not aggressive or are not seen to be highly sexual with women, are rejected by their peers. This rejection and social pressure often come in the form of verbal policing, such as “fag” or “pussy”. This is where homophobia comes in to play. Men who feel threatened will use homophobic slurs against other males in order to assert their own masculinity and simultaneously push their rival out of the Man Box. Therefore, I believe that homophobia isn’t simply just a fear of homosexuality, it is the fear of being perceived as not manly enough and hence not deserving of respect or power.

If you want to know more about the Man Box and hegemonic masculinity, take a look at this link: http://www.wps.colostate.edu/men-and-masculinities

This is a really awesome post! You did a great job of bringing to light the impact that a country's wealth and leadership has on the appearance of homophobia in society. I personally have never thought of these arguments, so I am very happy that I landed on your post! 
Since you are doing your final paper on the roots of homophobia, I thought I'd tell you about what I, myself, have learnt to be one of the main roots of this terrible issue. Hegemonic masculinity is a type of masculinity that coincides with the patriarchal world view. It is a type of masculinity that believes that men should be dominant in all aspects of society. Although this idea of "dominance" seems outdated in the progressive world we live in today, for the longest of times, this world view has unconsciously been heavily enforced into our society and is what contributes to homophobia still existing today. Hegemonic masculinity is achieved by demonstrating the qualities that are found in the "man box". The man box tells men, from a very young age, to always be strong and aggressive, to be dominant over women and to never cry or be feminine. Most men who don't conform to the "man box" are penalized. To push someone into the "man box", people use derogatory terms such as "fag", "pussy" and "bitch". For straight men, these words have been associated with the threatening of one's manhood and has therefore caused the term "homosexual" to be taken as an insult. This explains why certain acts of homophobia can be a demonstration of one's hegemonic masculinity. I strongly believe that in order to combat homophobia we must also break down the "man box" as well.

If you are interested in learning more about hegemonic masculinity, have a look at these links: http://www.wps.colostate.edu/men-and-masculinities, https://goodmenproject.com/featured-content/megasahd-escape-the-act-like... <https://goodmenproject.com/featured-content/megasahd-escape-the-act-like.... Once again, great post and I wish you luck on your final paper!

This is a very enlightening post! I never thought to consider the roots of homophobia until you mentioned them. I agree that to really fight against homophobia theres is a lot of change needed to be had on a larger scale. It should also be considered that this society is heavily functioned from patriarchal world view. Going back a few hundreds of years ago, people were taught how a male and a female’s life should be. As you mentioned some societies became more liberal, they have more freedom of speech therefore people were more open to homosexuality. There is still a lot of homophobia which stems from the patriarchal world view, men are constantly being policed for not conforming to the “man box” and women as well are scrutinized for not sticking to the patriarchal script. Here’s an interesting article that discusses further on the topic of homophobia in relation to religion, patriarchy and heterosexism. It brings very interesting points related to women and mens homosexuality, because if they don’t consider themselves cisgender they completely reject the whole concept of patriarchy.

Feel free to read the article it’s super interesting:
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/murray-lipp/we-must-target-the-origins-of-...

Before I begin I would like to say that all your points are valid and hold truth to them; as it is very important to consider a person's schooling and parentage before evaluating the subject. However, I couldn't help but notice that you were missing the factor of gender and the socialisation of gender roles and norms within your plan to analyse the origins of homophobia within and across several different societies.
It's important to note that the way an individual who identifies as homosexual will face different types of oppression and marginalisation based on their gender. As children, we are taught different roles and ways to behave based on the genitals we inherit and are expected to act upon these roles we have been given for as long as we live. And it comes as no surprise that through this socialisation we learn that men are powerful, wealthy, highly sexual, and in charge. Inversely we learn that women are frail, quiet, chaste, and submissive. This sets up a dynamic where women are below men and are discriminated against because of it this type of socialisation.
However, not all men and women share the same experience as they will face more or less discrimination (or privilege) over others based on other factors such as: age, able-bodiedness, race and/or ethnicity, and SEXUALITY. Thus the concept of intersectionality comes into focus. Intersectionality is the term used to describe when an individual has one or more overlapping or intersecting identities that determines the types of oppression or privilege that they will experience.
This becomes relevant to your article because it entails what type of oppression a homosexual person may face if they were female or male (or of any race or ethnicity other than white). For example, in a particular situation, someone who is female and homosexual will have more oppression to deal with than a man who is homosexual. This is because the man who is homosexual has the privilege of being born a male. Therefore, I believe it is also important to investigate the manner in which children are taught gender and gender performance since it also has a significant effect on whether individuals grow up to be homophobic.

intersectionality: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intersectionality
gender performance:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_construction_of_gender#Applications... & http://queermodernism.blogspot.ca/2010/03/definition-of-gender-performan...

About the author

BR

I. My name is Beth.
I am from Venezuela and I have been in Montreal for 3 years. I am someone who loves music and sports. I love experiencing new cultures which means meeting new people who can teach me something interesting about themselves.