Girls' Education

by annfredturcotte on November 2, 2016 - 10:40am

 

 Equal education is something that is really important in today’s world. As well as being a basic human right, education is the key to health and economic improvement. It also provides everyone the ability to read, write and to better understand the world that surrounds them. Everybody should have access to the right of learning and of developing their abilities to the maximum. Unfortunately, the lack of equality in today’s world prevents certain people from going to school. Indeed, girls in many underdeveloped countries do not have access to a good education.

To begin, girls in third world countries face a lot of threats and a lot of violence when they attend school. Indeed, girls experience many dangers and even violence on their long way to school. This causes them to be kept away by their parents who are afraid their child could get harm. According to UNICEF, ‘’ once arriving at school, girls may face various forms of violence at the hands of teachers, peers and other people in the school environment.’’ Once again, if parents know school is not safe for them they will forbid them to go. Moreover, sometimes in some Arabic countries, girls face the danger of having ‘’ acid being thrown in their faces’’ (Elite Daily). In brief, women face many dangers which all contribute to them having to sacrifice their right to be educated.

To continue, girls in many underdeveloped countries face gender discrimination. According to Unicef.com, families with limited resources will favour boys’ education due to their strong cultural beliefs. It shows that boys have more chances to be literate and to learn vital skills. Unicef also said that in certain schools, there are no separate latrines, which means that girls don’t even have their private place for sanitation. Indeed, “In many countries, due to poverty,security or cultural factors, male children will be educated while their female siblings will not” (A World at School). It also shows that boys are privileged and then have more power over women, which continues the vicious circle of gender inequality. Briefly, girls, again today, have to deal with gender discrimination which excludes them from having an education.

Furthermore, early marriage is an issue in girls’ education in underdeveloped countries. First, girls who drop out of school are more vulnerable to marriage. Minh Cong Nguyen and Quentin Wodon who work at the World Bank said: "[…]child marriage may have a major negative impact on girl’s education". When a girl rejects her rights to a good education she is also rejecting a sound life where she earns money for her family. Second, parent’s opinion is very important. Sometimes, parents see the marriages as the greatest choice for their daughters. Girlsnotbrides.com said that: " A lot of girls do not get education anymore because of the inaccessibility and the price of school, so parents prefer to marry their daughter." Third, girls, who are married, are more influenced to drop out of school because they have to take care of the house.

To conclude, girls that lives in certain underdeveloped and poor countries are less likely to get any form of education. Whether it is because of violence, gender discrimination or early marriages, they are far away from receiving a quality education. “More than 57 million children worldwide, including more than 31 million girls, are out of school and two thirds of illiterate adults are women.” (Unesco)

 

Ann-Frédérike Turcotte, Ann-Julie Richard, Rosalie Tremblay

 

Comments

Hi! I am Daichan. Nice to meet you! Your essay is very good. I could understand situation of Girls’ Education. I think that equal education is really significant. In case of Japan, all Japanese people have light of education now, so we are able to study a lot of subjects. Face gender discrimination is too bad!! They should quite it soon!! I think that men and women are equal, so we have to change these countries’ education. To quite this education system, I think that we have to cooperate with other countries, then we will be able to change education!

Ann-Frederike, Ann-Julia and Rosalie,
I just want to begin by applauding you on this article and for shedding light in a concise manner on an issue that continues to plague the international community. You, as an outsider, not only made the argument that inequality in education is detrimental, but also put yourself in the shoes of these girls and looked at it from their perspective. While I entirely agree with the points you have raised (the greater issue of gender discrimination, child-marriages, the lack of support when it comes to breaking the cycle), I would like to present to you another way of analyzing this issue, through the lens of ethical relativism.
Ethical relativism is a framework that combines what one believes to be morally sound with the norms of their culture. It argues that there is no universal standard and as a result, claims that each culture holds the right to define what is ethically sound. By this logic, the argument could be made that we are not in a position where we may condemn the systems in place in a society other than our own. It means that we as “foreigners” do not possess the cultural knowledge required to comment on what is going on in other nations, especially under-developed ones. Bringing this back full-circle, it means that we cannot say that the way education takes place in other countries is wrong. While it is not the opinion shared by most, it is a sound argument under the umbrella of ethical relativism.
I hope this allowed you to see this issue from another side, and broadened your understanding of the issue, at least from an ethical point of view.

This is a great post! I completely agree with the fact that girls in less developed countries and third world countries are faced with the tragedy that education is less accessible to them. I also liked how you referred to violence, gender discrimination, and early marriages to support you argument, but I would like to suggest to further look into a more gendered lens to help further your analysis.

One reason why I think that boys end up being the favoured sex when resources are limited is because it has to do with the idea of "patriarchy"; a system which men control political, economic, and social aspects as well as familial power. Galen's single-sex model helps create a patriarchal society by saying that women are inferior versions of men and need guidance in life, that women are emotional, physically weak and irrational, therefore why waste such a "privilege" as eduction on women?

We are currently in a society where men come first, not ladies. The fact is that men believe they are the only ones which have the capabilities to solve problems, this explains why the most major fields are dominated by men. This leaves us with the sad reality where inequality still exists and many young girls are therefore left without the possibility to receive an education, again leaving them below men when compared. Many will say, and I have heard them say this is, is that civilization was created by men, and therefore should continue to run by men.

Here is a link to an article that might interest you and goes into further detail concerning patriarchy; https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/mining-the-headlines/200905/patriar...