Endangered Species in Africa
by karolefrancois on November 2, 2016 - 10:41pm
Many animals and plants are on the list of endangered species, in fact, more than 15 000 thousands. By definition, endangered means that something is threatened with extinction, loss, destruction or exposed to a danger. Hence, it is easy to understand that it is not wanted to obtain a statistic like the one above for this situation. Unfortunately, animals in Africa are omnipresent on that list. Although there are a lot of reasons that can lead to the death of theses animals, there are solutions installed to solve the issue.
Initially, to understand the extinction of certain African species, it is essential to know the different causes of death that affect them. Deforestation, forest fire, land flooding and climat changes are the major reasons. One of the biggest issue is abusive hunting and fishing. For instance, National Geographic Society reports that as many as 30000 elephants are killed each year for elephant ivory. Moreover, pollution and diseases are affecting the animals directly. By that, industrial activities and threats of epidemic can affect a whole herd of animals.
Furthermore, the population doesn’t seem to be aware of the huge consequences that come with the loss of a whole specie. The ecosystem is destabilized in such circumstances. Just like a cycle, the predator eats the pray and so on. If we remove an animal from an ecosystem, it will affect all of the other ones who compose it. As a result, there will be too much predators or pray for the other group. This will cause problems overtime. For example, if we remove a lion from a cycle, there will be too much gazelles and not enough grass. One possible outcome that World Wildlife Fund discovered is that ‘’ African lions are projected to lose another 50 percent of their populations over the next 20 years’’. The food chain is affected by the endangered species and so is the biodiversity we have on earth keeps getting smaller.
Hopefully, there are different actions taken to prevent these extinctions to occur. First, it is possible to protect their habitat by instauring protected areas, halt the deforestation, restore places that have been destroyed by human activities and preserve them. As a result, these actions will reduce the habitat loss. It is possible to strengthen local and international law enforcement, for example The Canadian Encyclopedia mentions that ‘’ in 2002, the government of Canada passed its first law on the protection of wildlife species at risk, the law on Species at Risk’’. Therefore, laws to protect animals only exist in Canada since 2002, which is still recent. Moreover, another solution to help reduce the number on the list would be to put a stop illegal wildlife trade.
In conclusion, African species like African wild dogs, elephants and rhinos are exposed to a big danger of extinction. The danger is mostly caused by human activities and their way of living without always thinking of the important consequences that result from their act. For the best of all of us, people should be more aware of their actions and get involved in the conversation of our ecosystem.
Text by Frédérique Jetté & Karolanne Lefrançois.
'' Rhino''. WorldWildLife.org.World Wildlife Fund, n.d. web. 05 oct. 2016.
McAllister, Don E. and Bill Freedman. '' Espèces d'animaux menacées. '' The Canadian Encyclopedia.N.p,n.d.web. 05 oct.2016
''Endangered Species.'' Arkive.N.p,n.d.web. 05 oct. 2016