Trans Pacific Partner’s agreement
by 036 Yurika on December 17, 2015 - 1:14am
The TPP (Trans-Pacific Partner’s) agreement is a free-trade agreement between so far 12 countries at the Pacific Ocean, more precisely the U.S, Australia, Brunei Darussalam, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore and Vietnam. The agreement is closed to the public, however, some documents leaked and provides it with a small insight of its contents. Many newspapers state that it is a move against China’s growing economic influence on the world. In the following, I will write about its positive effects, negative ones and what kind of effect it will have on Japan.
According to the website “about news”, positive effects can be found in economic growth through lower export tariffs and more jobs. Moreover, U.S.’s farmers may gain a lot from this agreement as most of the processed food is going to waste. Finally, all trade partners have to reduce wildlife trafficking such as marine species, elephants and rhinoceroses. Environmental abuse such as unstainable fishing is prevented. In case these rules are violated, there will be trade penalties.
The secrecy of this agreement shows that there must be some parts in it, which might meet the resistance of the public. For example, the agreement on patents will make it difficult for people with little money to buy generics, which will hit especially developing countries hard and create difficulties for organizations like the medicines sans frontiers. The above mentioned economic boost will affect mostly large companies and the rich. Another controversy is the protection of copyright and patents. Downloading music from the internet will be either more expensive or prosecuted as crime. The blind and deaf won’t be able to access pages to help them and therefore excluded.
The newspaper The Diplomat states that Japan will profit, as regulations for foreign countries to join the market have been relaxed, Japan might have an opportunity to expand their business overseas. Moreover the “rule of origin” requiring only 45% of the product to be made in the TPP, allows Japan to get parts for example their cars from another country, in which they don’t have to pay a lot of wages and then sell it to the normal price. Concerns arise with farmers, as they will have to compete against foreign ones. Especially the rules on rice have been strict until now, which will change with the new agreement.
In conclusion, it is hard to say, how bad the agreement will be, as it is not shown to the public. However, I think from the medical point of view, it is a harsh baffle against humanity and the right of equal medical care.