JURI 4846: Good Girls? Bad Boys? Gender, Crime, and Criminal Justice

Algoma University
by Blessard1995 on March 22, 2017
Throughout the movie series Godfather, Michael Corleone was the main protagonist after his brother’s and father’s death. Michael was portrayed as a cold blooded, ruthless, smart and determined killer. He always had the ability to think clearly under pressure and to command respect, while giving directives, these attributes helped the family enterprise grow and diversify into the international criminal enterprise it would become.

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Algoma University
by joseph07 on March 17, 2017
2. Choose an issue in Canadian criminal justice that relates to gender or an issue with a gendered dimension. Discuss the issue and your analysis of the larger problems and context. For example, you could discuss the role of victimization and the construction of victims in the Jian Ghomeshi trial and what this tells us about sexual assault cases in Canada.

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Algoma University
by Moha on March 17, 2017
3. Choose a criminal trial in Canadian jurisprudence and examine the offender through a gendered perspective. Did gender or gender issues play a role? How did the offender’s gender shape the nature of the trial and its outcome? How did understandings of gender roles and the offender’s conformity (or unconformity) to these ideals play out in the trial?

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Algoma University
by raadalqahtani on March 17, 2017
  Intersectional Identities   Intersectionality as a term is associated with Kimberle Crenshaw, a legal researcher through her work in the year 1989 (Baskin-Sommers, Baskin, Sommers, & Newman, 2013). The term was coined by Crenshen to reflect a specific challenge that immigrant women with color underwent, importantly, the reason as to why their issues were being neglected by the anti-racism movement as well as feminist movement during that time.

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Algoma University
by ambell on March 17, 2017
There are a few gendered perspectives that can be considered while looking at the R v Ghomeshi case. This case originally came to mind because all charges were dropped, making me think of the difficulty for victims to come forward and not being believed versus a man being considered guilty as soon as there is an accusation. Sexual assault is a serious crime, so not being believed and being considered guilty upon accusation are both a problem.

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Algoma University
by Papaya on March 17, 2017
Just like many other common law jurisdictions, the Canadian criminal justice system relies heavily on the testimony of expert witnesses in criminal trials when determining whether the accused is guilty or not. Although the testimony from expert witnesses alone does not guarantee either conviction or acquittal, but it is generally understood that the courts put substantial weight on the testimony of expert witnesses.

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Algoma University
by bryannamath on March 17, 2017
The Canadian criminal trial I chose to focus on was the recent case of a female registered nurse who murdered and attempted to murder several elderly people that were under her care in a nursing home. 49-year-old Elizabeth Wettlaufer has been charged with 8 counts of murder and 6 counts of attempted murder of patients that were under her care in the nursing home she worked at.

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Algoma University
by ralcock on March 17, 2017
Largely it is the controversial cases in jurisprudence that are brought to the attention of the general Canadian public. Controversy can be based upon the actions and details of the crime, the criminal proceedings, and/or the ruling of the court(s). One such criminal proceeding was that of R v Ryan which was controversial due to the proceedings and the ruling of the courts because of gendered ideas and a gendered defence.

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Algoma University
by Algomau5260 on March 17, 2017
Intersectionality as a concept adds new ways to view issues in infinitely complex combinations. Intersectionality refers to the overlapping of social denominations and how they interact with each other and impact an individual’s life. Within the criminal justice system, intersectionality engages with the law on a macro and micro level, which leads to over representation of certain groups and expanded vulnerability for others. While someone’s race and sexuality may be considered within the norm, other denominations such as gender and economic status may hinder them.

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Algoma University
by AhmedElshabory on March 17, 2017
Jian Ghomeshi is a former CBC broadcaster accused with two sexual assault cases. Jian Ghomeshi’s lawyer Ms. Henein a successful lawyer that had beat Mr. Ghomeshi’s two sexual assault cases by using evidence such as letters, and emails in trail. There was a total of three complainants two in which are protected by a publication band. The first complainant was protected by a publication band, she didn’t want to have any contact with him because she was traumatized by his actions, claiming he punched her in the face and pulled her hair. Ms.

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Algoma University
by Ljones on March 17, 2017
In Canadian society there has been progress made when it comes to gender and identity but for a long time many did not recognize and still do not recognize someone's choice of their identity. But since the idea of gender expression for those who differentiate from social norms has faced a degree of ridicule there has been no protection for those who are say transgendered when it comes to facing degradation verbally.

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Algoma University
by wmcphee56 on March 16, 2017
Both the social and legal view of domestic violence has recently undergone an incredibly necessary reform in the modern era. However, there is still a great need for improvement in this field. While law and policies have transformed into a system of harsher punishment for offenders, domestic violence remains one of the least reported crimes in Canada, with an estimated 70% of cases never being reported to the police (Statistics Canada, 2016). Within this sample size, there is clear indication that this is a gendered crime and, especially at its most volatile state, sees clear gender roles in the victims and offenders. Women are almost four times more likely to be victims of Domestic violence and make up 83% of the victims in spousal violence cases in Ontario (Statistics Canada, 2016). For this population of female victims, Ontario is not providing the protection necessary to live a safe, normal life after spousal abuse.

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Algoma University
by vcaputo94 on March 16, 2017
Question 3    There are obvious characteristics between men and women that play a role within the Canadian criminal justice system when either gender is being tried.  The staple case of the difference between men and women in the justice system is in the case of Paul Bernardo and Karla Homolka.  This is one of the most well known cases throughout Canada.  For the purpose of this question I will focus the attention on Homolka rather than Bernardo.  

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Algoma University
by arielpezzotti on March 15, 2017
3)        A very well known Canadian criminal trial that involved Paul Bernardo and Karla Homolka shows a perfect example of how different genders are treated in the justice system. This trial took place in the 90’s and was a good display of how even though both perpetrators participated in the same crime they were looked at quite differently. A big part of this trial can be referred to the ‘deal with the devil’ as Karla made a plea bargain with prosecutors to significantly lessen her criminal sanctions.

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Algoma University
by Blessard1995 on March 12, 2017
Feminists have struggled for many years to equalize gender in many different aspects. Gender issues are socially constructed and it is about the reality of women’s lives and the contexts in which women live. Meaning, the criminal justice system has to work harder to equalize their policy with gender differences, since current laws are based on male characteristics and male crime and fail to take into account the reality of women’s characteristics, responsibilities, and roles in crime.

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Algoma University
by SamCharlebois on March 7, 2017
The article that I have chosen is entitled “ Why intersectionality can’t wait” posted in the Huffington post September 24th, 2015. The article outlines a case in 1976 in which an African American women, Emma DeGraffenreid, and several other African American women sued General Motors on the grounds of discrimination. They were arguing that the company segregated its workforce by race and gender. They outlined that Black people were assigned one set of jobs and white were assigned another. Additionally, women were welcome to apply for some jobs and men were deemed suitable for others.

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Algoma University
by Papaya on February 17, 2017
Michael Rafferty was sentenced to life in prison in 2012 for kidnapping, sexual assault causing bodily harm and first-degree murder in the death of Victoria Stafford, an eight-year-old girl from Woodstock, Ontario (Allison Jones).  His former girlfriend, Terri-Lynne McClintic, also plead guilty to first degree murder in 2010 for the death of Victoria Stafford. Although she initially told the police that Michael killed the girl, but later stated during his trial she was the one who delivered the fatal blows with a hammer (Allison Jones).

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Algoma University
by ralcock on February 17, 2017
The BBC crime drama Luther depicts the obsessive and often times violent detective Luther as he works in the Serious Crimes Unit solving violent homicides and sexual assaults throughout London. For the most part the criminals Luther pursues are criminals that do fall into typical gender perspectives of such violent crimes; rapists, pedophiles, and serial killers, shown either to gain sexual satisfaction from their crimes, committing them because they are completely void of emotions, or both.

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Algoma University
by vcaputo94 on February 17, 2017
In popular culture today there are several different types of crime television shows that portray the various types of inhumane criminals that people wish to never encounter.  One of the shows that I have come to be fond of and one that i'm sure many students will talk about in these posts is Criminal Minds.

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Algoma University
by arielpezzotti on February 17, 2017
Today’s society has an obsession with romanticizing criminals and certain crimes, which I believe is the reason why crime shows are so popular and fascinating for many people. I can certainly vouch for this as my favorite types of shows are crime based and I think everyone loves a good serial killer documentary. When I read this question I had two specific series come to mind that would be perfect for analysis.

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Reply to: Polyamory
4 months 3 weeks ago

I agree with you when you say polygamy concerns individual rights and people should be allowed to have multiple spousal . In my view, the practice of polygamy is a matter of individual consent where participants are aware of the the circumstances surrounding polygamous relationship and content to entering and sustaining such relationship. Historically speaking, the practice of polygamy was widely accepted among First Nation peoples in Canada prior to western colonization. Native women from numbers of native societies were free to practice polygamy and in fact, some native women argue polygamy cannot be considered according to western/Christian standards of marriage as it may have provided better life for women. For example, Sioux women who married white men found that life seems to be more difficult with the absence of “sister-wife” to share household and conjugal duties because of the increased workload in the house as well as the increased frequency to give birth which resulted more suffering of women in childbirth. Overall, it is my view that since polygamous relationship is a matter of consent and concerns individual freedom, state intervention should not be allowed.

Reply to: Polygamy in Canada
4 months 3 weeks ago

I agree with you when you say the matter concerns women's rights and women should be allowed to marry multiple husband. In my view, the practice of polygamy is a matter of individual consent where participants are aware of the the circumstances surrounding polygamous relationship and content to entering and sustaining such relationship. Historically speaking, the practice of polygamy was widely accepted among First Nation peoples in Canada prior to western colonization. Native women from numbers of native societies were free to practice polygamy and in fact, some native women argue polygamy cannot be considered according to western/Christian standards of marriage as it may have provided better life for women. For example, Sioux women who married white men found that life seems to be more difficult with the absence of “sister-wife” to share household and conjugal duties because of the increased workload in the house as well as the increased frequency to give birth which resulted more suffering of women in childbirth. Overall, it is my view that since polygamous relationship is a matter of consent and concerns individual freedom, state intervention should not be allowed.

Reply to: Polygamy in Canada
4 months 3 weeks ago

I agree with you when you say the matter concerns women's rights and women should be allowed to marry multiple husband. In my view, the practice of polygamy is a matter of individual consent where participants are aware of the the circumstances surrounding polygamous relationship and content to entering and sustaining such relationship. Historically speaking, the practice of polygamy was widely accepted among First Nation peoples in Canada prior to western colonization. Native women from numbers of native societies were free to practice polygamy and in fact, some native women argue polygamy cannot be considered according to western/Christian standards of marriage as it may have provided better life for women. For example, Sioux women who married white men found that life seems to be more difficult with the absence of “sister-wife” to share household and conjugal duties because of the increased workload in the house as well as the increased frequency to give birth which resulted more suffering of women in childbirth. Overall, it is my view that since polygamous relationship is a matter of consent and concerns individual freedom, state intervention should not be allowed.

4 months 3 weeks ago

Decriminalization of prostitution in Canada is much desired because the current legal control of prostitution has been proven to be a failure as it forces sex workers to experience higher rate of victimization. For example, the new provision of the Criminal Code prohibiting the purchase of sex allows the police to target the clients of sex workers aggressively, and such practice has been proven to increase the risk of violence experienced by sex workers in Sweden and Canada, where prostitution is controlled legally through the Nordic model. This is because since the clients of sex workers fear the risk of arrest for communicating the intent to purchase sexual service, sex workers are compelled to work in secluded industrial areas where purchasers are less likely to be detected by the police. Such practice inevitably increases the risk of violence experienced by sex workers because they are compelled to negotiate terms and screen their clients quickly without carefully assessing them for safety red flags. In addition, because the intent to purchase sex is criminalized, the number of available clients is reduced which means greater competition among sex workers would forces them to reduce their service prices, exposing them to the risk of poverty. In fact, sex workers in five cities across Canada expressed their concerns during interviews with the National Post stating that the new regulations pushed some clients away and made business harder for them in other ways. Therefore, prostitution should be decriminalized in Canada.

Reply to: The Death Penalty
4 months 3 weeks ago

I like how you engaged in both sides of the argument and finished your opinion piece with a question. Morally speaking, I'm against death penalty because you simply do not punish someone by taking his/her life for committing crimes. To me, the death penalty should have no place not only in Canada, but in all democratic societies. My major concern with death penalty raise from the imperfection of our criminal justice system, which has the capacity to yield wrongful convictions. What that means is that there are number of people who are currently locked up in prison did not commit crime but were wrongfully convicted by courts either due to lack of forensic evidence ( eg. DNA) or false/misleading expert testimonies ( eg. Charles Smith). In fact, number of people who were wrongfully convicted in Canada spent years in jail and were exonerated years later ( eg. Donald Marshall Jr, William Mullins-Johnson,David Milgaard). Imagine if Canada did not abolish the death penalty, most of people who were wrongfully convicted and later exonerated would have been executed by now. Also, having death penalty does not necessarily deter criminals from committing crimes because factors such as intersectionality and social-economical background of the individual also play a role in the analysis of why people commit crime.

4 months 3 weeks ago

I agree with you when you say freedom of speech is very important and people should not be oppressed when they are expressing their opinion. However, the sanction imposed on the Montreal rapper is justified in Canadian context. You stated the music video depicts a Taliban fighter who attacks Canadian soldiers in Afghanistan. In my view, that depiction no longer concerns free speech. Terrorism is all evil and should not be promoted by any means, I can only imagine peoples reactions when they see someone who belongs to a terrorist organization preaching his attack on Canadian soldiers in Afghanistan, while those soldiers are deployed on military mission to fight terrorism and are at real risk of being attacked by terrorists. They are many Canadian soldiers died abroad fighting terrorism and many Canadian veterans returned harmed either physically ( eg. Lost limbs ) or psychologically ( eg. PTSD) so it is highly disrespectfully to those soldiers as well as Canadians. Therefore, it the sanction imposed on the rapper is reasonable and justified in Canadian context.

4 months 3 weeks ago

Peter received a puppy named Max on his 15th birthday as a gift and a few years later, Max was diagnosed with terminal cancer. Peter was told by the vet that Max only had 5 months to live and he could either euthanize Max or let Max suffer and die painfully in due course. Peter was extremely sad and troubled because for one, he loved Max so much hence didn't want to euthanize Max, but keeping Max alive would do nothing but prolong his suffering. Peter eventually went to the vet a few days later and euthanized Max. Now, lets try to apply that same scenario to a terminally ill patient who is fighting his/her right to die peacefully with dignity in a medically controlled setting. Is it morally acceptable to deny such request? I don't think so. Frankly, I find the argument surrounding physician-assisted suicide ironic. If we have the capacity to understand the pain and suffering of an animal and willing to end such suffering, why can't we extend our mercy to a terminally ill patient? I'm aware the topic is contentious and that both side of the argument is within reasonable merit. But to me, it is a matter of individual choice and extending our mercy to our likes. In my experience, some people on the opposing side of the table would use religion to justify their argument by saying " It is a sin to end your own life, you will go to hell if you do so". However,such reasoning is entirely based on assumptions. For one, they are assuming the patient who is connect to 20 IV lines painfully waiting to die is religious. Further, they are assuming the patient in question shares the same religion as they do. Moreover, they are assuming the patient is as " God fearing" as they are. In my opinion, such argument is nothing but a pile of hypocritical bologna. Religious or not, at the end of the day it only concerns the patient who is requesting physician-assisted suicide and no one else, because we are in no position to interfere the personal choices of other people. Therefore, physician-assisted suicide is a matter of exercising individual rights and extending our mercy to our on kind.

4 months 3 weeks ago

Your post does a good job in highlighting some concerns with respect to the potential danger of online social networks. However, your suggestion of banning the use of social network entirely is not feasible or possible. You stated social media endanger life and privacy but on what scale did you reach that conclusion? I agree with you in terms of the use of social networks associated with the potential risk of exposing one's computer to virus attacks but that does not apply to social networks alone because as long as your are connected to the internet one way or the other, your are at risk of being attacked by virus. For example, governmental organizations use the internet to store, exchange personal information throughout the internet.Financial institutions such as banks use internet on daily basis to convenient their customers so that banking can be done online. In terms of the potential danger of cyber bullying, it is not possible to ban the use of social networks simply because there exists risk of cyber bullying. In fact, majority of social networks provide " report" option on their sites so that should some one notice cyber bullying or online abuse, the admin of the site would investigate and when feasible, the abusive person's account will be terminated and police may be contacted by the admin.

Reply to: gender issues
5 months 1 week ago

In this case gender played a huge role

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