Gendered World Views (section 11, Winter 2016)
About this class
Pink is for girls and blue is for boys, or at least that's what many of us were taught as children. But what are these stereotypes really telling us? Assumptions like these force men and women into specific roles, and from a very young age, we socialize boys to be aggressive and girls to be nice – we then assign an aesthetic to each group that reflects this. But how do real people deal with these expectations? What does it mean to see the world through gendered terms?
This course will introduce students to the patriarchal world view that created the gendered stereotypes we live with today and the ways in which gendered assumptions structure society. We will then focus on the challenges that have been raised by the feminist world view and explore how women deal with gender inequality. The second half of the course will be largely dedicated to masculinity studies and feminist observations regarding how the patriarchal world view hurts men as well. Finally, we will end with a brief look at what the queer theory has to say about gender. Students will be asked to reflect on their own world views and how gendered ideas have effected their lives.
86 | 0 | 0
136 | 1 | 0
90 | 0 | 0
84 | 0 | 0
101 | 0 | 0
98 | 0 | 0
89 | 0 | 0
97 | 0 | 0
104 | 0 | 0
94 | 0 | 0
107 | 0 | 0
103 | 0 | 0
85 | 0 | 0
85 | 0 | 0
102 | 0 | 0
116 | 0 | 0
284 | 0 | 0
89 | 0 | 0
90 | 0 | 0
116 | 0 | 0
- 1 of 4
- next ›
Great piece, I really like the way in which you described very specific features of this book such as the smell of herbal medicine as well as physical condition of the book. I found it very interesting when you compared the creation of books from that time period to today, especially when you hinted at the way in which these books were advertised represented an early form of capitalism. Although you are undeniably correct with your claim that today's print publishing is much more efficient and that the methods of creating books such as this one are outdated, it is important to think about how advanced books like this were for their time. Before the printing press allowed these to be published, each book would have to be hand written by a scribe which is timely, and leads a rarity of identical books. Even how you noted that the last word on each page is the first word on the next is very advanced as this is how those who bind the books know that the pages are in order. Overall, outstanding article with great analysis, just thought I'd put my opinion in on how impressive these books actually are for their time.
You made some great observations on this problem, and you well explained the reason for why people should realize that school shootings and rape are unacceptable. I totally agree with you that adolescents should be aware of that. In addition, to analyse further this problem in order to get better solutions, we need to consider the gender issues that hide behind it.
The hegemonic masculinity asks men to dominate the world and the others, and people who do not perform their virility, the strength and prowess, will be considered to be weak men; thus, they are allowed to be dominated by other strong men. There is not mistake with these qualities, like athletic and powerful, but the problem is that the patriarchal world view asks men to behave only the way they want. Men can never show their weakness, so people among them who get bullied by the others cannot seek help. Therefore, some of them will have no choice to do some extreme things such as committing suicide and school shootings. It is really sad because it is something that people can prevent by well educating the adolescents that they can do and behave the way they want. In addition, the compulsive heterosexuality gives men even more restrictions. It says that men should be sexual active with multiple women. Since most men are told to be violent, some of them end up by raping some women.
We all need to concern about the gender issues since they are not only negatively influencing a group of people but all of us. Finally, here is the link to an article that discusses the relationship between masculinity and rape culture that I think might be interesting for you to read:
I find your example of shootings in school as a way to prove strength through violence a very true point. The fact is that men indeed do get a lot of pressure to have a mask on and always act tough and strong, even if they really aren't or do not want to be this way. It is unfortunately a sad reality that will never change unless society, and men especially, stop putting this pressure on one another to perform this masculinity at all times and hide their true selves from one another. In my world views class we learned about the "Man Box" which is a set of characteristics which a man must have in order to be considered a real man or masculine by society and other men. If a man doesn't have one specific characteristic they can compensate with the other as long as they have a good amount of the characteristics down and do not fall outside. Hegemonic Masculinity is another important term to know when discussing masculinity and goes hand-in-hand with this idea of the "Man Box', it basically signifies a type of masculinity that promotes male dominance, much like that of a patriarchal society would demand. A lot of characteristics of masculinity from the man box really fall into this idea that sociologists have coined hegemonic masculinity and it is the type of man that as you describe in your post, is the one society really imposes on men to be. If you are interested by this make sure to check out this Wikipedia page that really explains more in depth the idea of hegemonic masculinity and the "Man Box".
I feel these that these arguments are correct to some extent, and if you were to add gender based arguments it would become more compelling. There are basically two terms that can be pulled out in terms of gender related issues with respect to the rejection of Syrian refugees. First of all, it could arguably be said that these Syrian refugees face oppression regarding race, status and sex. In other words, intersectionality, in which different types of oppression occur, is present in this case. These refugees are being discriminated not only for their race, but it could be said that “American” are still not fond of the Muslim which makes up 90% of the religions practiced in Syria. Also, class and sex could also come into play, as American’s still have not achieved true gender equality, therefore limiting Syrian men, but further restricting immigrant women. On a different note, Donald Trump’s remarks can only be described as the most hegemonic case of masculinity in a while. Trump embodies most of the traits that are present in the “Man Box”. He imposes male dominance by being an extremist. In your argument that he would want to build walls, shows how he doesn’t want anyone interfering with “HIS” country. Also in debates and presidential campaigns, Trump has gone so low as to personally insult his fellow candidates. In short Donald Trump’s hegemonic masculine traits could be the source of his supporters- many Americans think in the way that Trump does.
You raised some excellent points on the important issue of injuries in football. I agree that requiring coaches to undergo training in order to be able to properly teach the mechanics of tackling is critical in preventing the occurrence of life-changing injuries.
However, I think it is also important to realise the role masculinity plays on this problem.
One major issue is that football players are voluntarily playing through injury. For example, Brett Favre played with a broken thumb on his dominant hand in 2003, Byron Leftwich played through a broken tibia in 2003 and Chris Simms played with a ruptured spleen in 2006 (Total Pro Sports Editors). In all of these cases, I believe that these men battled through injury to conform to gendered expectations. According to hegemonic masculinity, men are supposed to be tough, strong, macho and dominating. By playing through injuries in a violent sport such as football, men are not only proving that their bodies are more dominant than women’s since they can withstand the rigors of football, but also their dominance over other men. Players who play through significant injury are seen as the toughest of men and are thus able to reinforce their masculinity and their place in the “man box.”
The other significant issue is that coaches and trainers are lying about their players’ health. Often times, players suffer severe injuries but are told that they can return to play by their coaches and trainers without being adequately evaluated and tested. For example, Jarrius Lindsey, a former running back for Jacksonville University, is suing the school on the grounds of negligence (13 News Now Editors). He received many concussions during his career, but was never properly treated for them, as the school did not follow the concussion protocol (13 News Now Editors). Consequently, “he will suffer from a traumatic brain injury, memory loss, excruciating pain throughout his body, headaches, depression and anxiety” (13 News Now Editors). Although some will say that the school did not follow the protocol because they wanted to win, I believe the real issue has to do with masculinity. Football is a sport that tests a man’s toughness and strength. By agreeing to play the sport, coaches and trainers expect their players to play through extreme pain. With all that said, this lawsuit is clearly a classic case of a team telling their player that he is “fine” and that he needs to power through the rigors associated with football.
Sources and Interesting Links:
Firstly, I would like to thank you for talking about such a topic because it just puzzles me that there is a country out there that treats women the way they currently do in this day and age. As a practicing Muslim I do have some background knowledge on the basic fundamentals of Islam surrounding the gender inequality portion you speak of. I think it’s insane that women recently got the right to vote and also the fact that women are not allowed to drive in their own country, but this has nothing to do with the religion of Islam itself. It is the patriarchal monarchy that governs Saudi Arabia that implemented these kinds of laws that prevent women from experiencing the many pleasures associated with freedom that we are able to experience on a daily basis here in Canada. Furthermore the Quran preaches more about equality among men and women than what is actually interpreted by the government. There are strict rules about how men should behave and dress as well, and women are encouraged to be educated and are allowed to conduct businesses. This is what happens when the society has a patriarchal mindset.
The dress code is meant to keep their image “pure” in a sense that they don’t want women to be objectified; this is something that comes from the Quran because it’s important that women should not be judged by how they look but by their intellect. The purpose that male guardians serve is that they have to protect the women, yet here I am in Canada, independently walking to places I want to go to without any supervision and thankfully nothing terrible has happened to me. I could go on forever but, if they really were being true with themselves they would know that in the Quran, God declares, “…In God’s eyes, the most honored of you are the ones most mindful of Him: God is all knowing, all aware” (49:13). Thus stating that men and women are equal in front of God. Also another thing is that men and women must congregate every year in Mecca (which is in Saudi Arabia) to perform the pilgrimage and the women keep their faces visible; something mentioned in the article that I will provide at the end of this paragraph.
Works cited: where I got the line from the Quran
Pervez, Saulat. "Hijab In Islam." WhyIslam. N.p., 5 Feb. 2015. Web. 07 Apr. 2016.
Although your article was a little short, I found it quite captivating; being a college student myself, the data you presented about the issue is very relatable, but also upsetting. Nowadays, the number of existing stressors that can affect people in their daily lives is unthinkable. Young adults, being in the prime of age, are faced with a wide majority of those sources of stress, and as a result can have severe anxiety and emotional problems. You may have named a fair amount of causes of the stress, but I feel I should bring into attention the fact that gender has also a lot to do with it. In today’s society, both boys and girls are immensely influenced by media and are taught the ideals of male and female beauty and standards from a very young age. They are taught that this is how “normal” people are supposed to be and that it is who they should also strive to become as they grow up. This type of mentality is especially problematic for young boys because growing up watching action movies about superheroes, it becomes imprinted in their minds that a man must be strong and handsome, a man must not show feelings, a man must be a brave hero and save the princess.. Etc. The requirements of the “Man Box” are quite demanding and it is nearly impossible to meet them all. Therefore, once in college, young men are pressured more than ever into becoming sexually active, doing things that are risky or that make them look tough. However, many of them might not agree with that kind of behavior and have other preferences. A good example is, as you stated, men who are part of the LGBTQ group who are unable to assert their masculinity like other men, and therefore get discriminated for it. It is an issue that is often overlooked by society because it is said to simply be of the nature of man, but I strongly disagree and believe that it is definitely a problem that should be looked into by all.
This post does a very good job of bringing Aboriginal issues to light, a topic which is often ignored by the media in Canada. You mentioned the abuse that Aboriginal women face and the improvements to their struggles thanks to the Violence Against Women Act. However, as you have mentioned, this is simply not enough to protect them from harm.
Aboriginal women are victims of multiple layers of oppression in a way that is described by intersectionality (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intersectionality). Not only do they face troubles due to their Aboriginal status, their sex compounds their hardships. The discrimination which they encounter is much greater than that of a white woman or an Aboriginal male since their identity includes multiple oppressed groups.
The consequences of intersectionality can be seen in the cases of missing and murdered Aboriginal women, an example of which can be found here: http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/newfoundland-labrador/nl-inuit-mmiw-1.3512896. This article examines the situation in Newfoundland and Labrador, where over one hundred Aboriginal women are missing or murdered, but police forces are doing little to solve a majority of cases. If members of any other group were being disproportionately victimized, there would surely be measures taken to remedy the situation.
I found your article very interesting and accurate in describing the issues with gender roles across the world. Since thousands of years, men are being portrayed as the dominant force and on the other hand, women are being shown as weak, vulnerable, and dependent on their male leaders. You are also absolutely right in saying that children nowadays are being taught how to act appropriately according to society. In many areas of the world, young boys are told to act "like a man" which means to not show much emotion and at the same time, to feel a sense of domination over others. If these men do not follow these expectations of society, they might be taunted about it from their male friends and they might not succeed the same way as someone who follows the description of how a "real man" should act. There are also young girls around the world who are being taught not to compete with men as they will never match their strengths, instead, they are told that women should be the ones taking care of the family and household chores. We are living in 2016 and yet there is still such a huge presence of hegemonic masculinity. Women are still being oppressed and being considered inferior to men and this is very well shown when it comes to the workplace. Although women are just as much if not more qualified than certain men, they are often not considered to be worth promoting in workplaces. The people who are in charge of promotion are often looking for qualities that fit with hegemonic masculinity which they do not find in their female workers and this is explained in the following article.
I found your article really interesting, but as you notice, pedophiles are often men. That can be explained by some social-construct explanations. According to Telegraph, “at least a sizeable minority of normal males would like to have sex with children … Normal males are aroused by children” (The Telegraph). The article also explains that pedophilia happens not near schools but in family, around us. That being said, men are more likely to desire having sex with children. Pedophiles are only a minority that shows it. Imagine the number of men concealing it! This can be explained by the fact that men want to express their dominance and power towards others. This is like a “norm” imposed by the society and the influence of media. Masculinity is shown through violence, power, wealth, health and sexual aggressiveness. However, men are not necessarily able to express their dominance towards people of their age. That’s why men will center their attention on children who are less conscious about danger and about self-protection. Men can abuse children because children are relatively weak and fragile. After the abuse, men get satisfaction and have an illusion of dominance even if children sex abuse is totally evil. That’s my personal opinion and thoughts about pedophilia. For sure, psychological illness also plays an important role in this issue.
Gilligan, Andrew. "'Paedophilia Is Natural And Normal For Males'." The Telegraph, 05 July 2014. Web. 08 April 2016.
- 1 of 7
- next ›
There no collaborative classes