Gendered World Views (section 10, Winter 2016)

About this class

Pink is for girls and blue is for boys, or at least that's what many of us were taught as children. But what are these stereotypes really telling us? Assumptions like these force men and women into specific roles, and from a very young age, we socialize boys to be aggressive and girls to be nice – we then assign an aesthetic to each group that reflects this. But how do real people deal with these expectations? What does it mean to see the world through gendered terms?

This course will introduce students to the patriarchal world view that created the gendered stereotypes we live with today and the ways in which gendered assumptions structure society. We will then focus on the challenges that have been raised by the feminist world view and explore how women deal with gender inequality. The second half of the course will be largely dedicated to masculinity studies and feminist observations regarding how the patriarchal world view hurts men as well. Finally, we will end with a brief look at what the queer theory has to say about gender. Students will be asked to reflect on their own world views and how gendered ideas have effected their lives.

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by sailboat on March 24, 2016
http://www.cnn.com/2016/03/24/politics/ted-cruz-donald-trump-heidi-cruz-hell-alone/index.html

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by Colorcat1531 on March 23, 2016
http://www.theguardian.com/tv-and-radio/tvandradioblog/2015/jun/10/has-g...  

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by Blue97 on March 22, 2016
Craig and Marc Kielburger demonstrated the struggle that men go through on a daily basis to avoid natural human behaviours. Their article, We Need to Talk About Toxic Masculinity, tells the story of a young man named Kevin who lost his father at a young age. In order not to seam week towards his classmates he suppressed all emotions linked to the death of his father. These emotions were bottled up for many months. One day when Kevin was in a support group lead by Ashanti Branch he finally broke the barrier between him and his emotions.

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by Goodman on March 20, 2016
In his TED talk “Breaking the Boys Code of Masculinity”, Bill Pozzobon exposes his view on the concept of the Masculinity code. In a nutshell, his perception of this concept boils down very similarly to the concept of the man box: it consists in a series of rules, norms and expectations placed upon a certain group; men in this instance. Individuals failing to meet the required factors, such as stoicism, lack of emotion or its internalization, and possibly violent behavior, are punished in a verbal, physical, or emotional form.

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by dwade3.miamiheat on March 20, 2016
Last year, a heated incident occurred between two past NBA teammates of the Los Angeles Lakers. Matt Barnes, currently with the Memphis Grizzlies, found out that his close friend Derek Fisher was with his ex-wife in their old house. Barnes, who is known for being a violent player, drove there immediately where a fight erupted between the two. Barnes even texted a friend following the incident: “I kicked his ass from the backyard to the front room, and spit in her face,” and even responded to the media by saying: “Violence is never the answer, but sometimes it is.”

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by kdot696 on March 20, 2016
Donald Trump, perhaps the most outspoken and provocative GOP presidential hopeful, has been making headlines worldwide for his political antics. Recently, much of Trump’s rhetoric has been geared toward personal attacks and undermining the other candidates. What he hasn’t been focusing on, has been explaining how he will ameliorate the conditions of the United States. In addition, Donald has come under severe scrutiny for his position on foreign immigrants, women, and his comments in general.

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by Kbs42 on March 20, 2016
                      This article explains there are problems caused by the unrealistic representation of male characters in the media. It illustrates very well the stereotypes that are conveyed through the inaccurate portrayal of men we see everyday on television, however it fails to explain in detail the consequences resulting from constant exposure to these unattainable standards.  

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by H20i on March 20, 2016
“Die Like a Man: The Toxic Masculinity of Breaking Bad” by Laura Hudson is an article based on the T.V. series “Breaking Bad”. Throughout the course of her articles Laura Hudson demonstrates a new perspective to look at the show and points out to the audience what it takes in order to be a “man” in “Breaking Bad”.  

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by newsgirl123 on March 20, 2016
            The amount of force used on civilians by cops is said to increase and decrease as the crime rates spike and decline. CNN states that the public is just more aware of police brutality due to an increase in media coverage and updated portable technology. Since actual statistics for this phenomenon do not exist, we have to believe that the fact that most of the “justifiable homicides,” having killed young African American men, are purely coincidental.

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by Ziwei Qu on March 20, 2016
An article by Esquire titled “How Toxic Masculinity Poisoned the 2016 Election” discusses about the role hegemonic masculinity plays in the 2016 U.S. presidential election. A large quantity of men in today’s society are feeling emasculated, and insecure about they masculinity. They feel as though her manhood is under attack.  As the writer of this article, Stephen Marche, wrote in his thesis “ the ancient iconographies of men are collapsing, and many men are lost and suffering in the wake of that collapse”. 

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by ballislife on March 20, 2016
http://grantland.com/features/nfl-football-domestic-violence-ray-rice/ (part talking about Ray Rice)  

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by Batman on March 20, 2016
“We’re Missing The Big Picture On Mass Shootings,” written by Melissa Jeltson and posted to The Huffington Post, suggests that there is a connection between gender and violence, specifically mass shootings. On August 8th, 2015, David Conley broke into his ex-girlfriend, Valerie Jackson’s, home and killed her along with her husband and six children. While still together, they were in an abusive relationship, which forced Jackson to get a protective order to keep her ex-boyfriend away from her.  

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by GenWorldViewer on March 20, 2016
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/masculinity-campus-rape_us_56c60c86e...

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by Slaysh on March 20, 2016
The article “Kill and Conquer: Traditionally “Male” Values and Video Game Violence” points out the omnipresence of values such as “power, strength and individualism” in popular video games and criticizes the direct association of these values with masculinity. It is told that most of these video games feature a strong, white, stoic male protagonist who utilizes violence to achieve a noble goal.

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by Juicy Jay on March 20, 2016
In a CBC News report, published on the 24th of February 2016, a mass shooting threat had been reported in a school in Manitoba. A 12-year-old boy, while playing Call of Duty, a war game, told his teammates that he was going to execute a school shooting at his school. His reason was that “he is sick of the bullies of his school, and that he would make the school pay.” (“Manitoba boy accused of threatening school shooting while playing online video game”)

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by Gelato on March 20, 2016
On January 22nd of 2016, a shooting occurred at the Dene high school campus of the La Loche Community School in Saskatchewan. Authors Ben Spurr and Joanna Smith make it very clear to their readers that the 17 year old male suspect, who is charged with four counts of first-degree murder and seven counts of attempted murder, was a victim of bullying and kept to himself. The accused first opened fire on two brothers, aged 15 and 17, in their home before killing two teachers and injuring seven other in the community school.

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by mango101 on March 20, 2016
            In summary, Jen Floyd Engel argues against the public reaction to Greg Hardy’s domestic violence case. The Carolina Panthers re-signed him, the NFL let him play, the fans blamed the victim and we all became bystanders to an issue that was never truly dealt with. The defensive end was originally found guilty and following an appeal was given a misdemeanor. She also discusses the constant oblivious stance we take when defending the stars of our favorite sports teams.

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by Rolper on March 20, 2016
This political article discusses the 2016 Presidential Elections taking place in the US this year. It talks about how the candidates, specifically from the GOP, tried proving that they were better suited to be in the oval office by demonstrating their masculinity and saying they had bigger genitalia than the other candidates. The author then discusses how the different candidates tried to show their masculinity: Jeb bush engraving a gun to his name, Ted Cruz attacking a female candidate, and Donald Trump with his multiple attacks.

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by Hockey101 on March 20, 2016
     This article discusses the role that masculinity plays when it comes to school shootings. The article touches upon how the media expresses these issues of violence as being related to mental illness but this issue is never related with problems of masculinity. The author describes how boys are brought up and how their upbringing can be harmful to them.

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by blackbird on March 20, 2016
                In Jess Sander’s article where she writes about Game of thrones, she mentions how rape is being used as a plot and women as decoration. She mentions she is greatly repulsed by the man working on this television show because he openly admits playing with the perverted side of the audience. The writer also presents the men and the women stereotypically. This entails that to be a real man, one must be strong, conquer and have sexual intercourse and to be a real woman, one must marry and give herself to her significant other for any desire he has.  

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8 months 4 weeks ago

The topic of your paper is very interesting. Additionally, your summary of the viral video was not only informative but also very intriguing. The discussion surrounding the legality of prostitution is often debated using various ethical frameworks. Firstly, the idea of utilitarianism is concentrated around the premise of the benefit of the majority of the population. Using this framework, one can argue that prostitution should be legal since the benefits affect the majority of society. These benefits include tax revenue from this industry, safer environments for prostitutes and their clients and less STD transmission. These benefits to society outweigh the potential negatives to the minority of prostitutes. Virtue ethics evaluates actions based on the actor employing naturally good virtues and how virtuous people would act in these scenarios. Contrary to the previous argument, a virtue ethics approach would condemn prostitution since paying for a sexual favor, without any aspect of love involved, would not be considered virtuous. Key virtuous figures in society would not remove the prestigious intrinsic value of sex by paying for a random stranger to perform sexual acts for them. The entire aspect of love would be removed from the equation, making sex unethical. Similarly, deontology would also condemn prostitution since the action itself of paying for sex would not be considered good. Personally I believe that the utilitarianism approach is best since all of society would benefit, rather than judging an action based on the virtues embedded in it. In my opinion, ethical actions should be measured by positive benefits to society and not the root of the action.

Reply to: Trump's America
8 months 4 weeks ago

It was hearing warming to read about the story you shared about the New Yorkers in that subway car getting together, and resisting an act of discrimination and hatred. The concept of “Trump’s America” is very frightening, and the fact that it is now an reality rather than a farfetched possibility is absolutely mind boggling. Virtue ethics would approach this issue by pointing out that virtuous people with good virtuous, such as tolerance, compassion, humility, fraternity, kindness would do the right thing and stand up against the violence and hatred in current day America. Utilitarianism argues that ultimate goal is to provide the greatest amount of happiness to the largest amount of people. However, in this case how can the “greatest amount of happiness” be determined? Would that happiness be equality and peace the New Yorkers in the subway car fought for? Or would that be the bigoted rhetorics of those who drew the Swastika on the windows? It is hard to agree on a common summon bonum, the end goal. In this case, I believe the best approach would be Rationalism. Sure, virtue ethics has good intentions, but I don't think it is strong enough. Rationalism believes that all human have the duty of following the laws. It is a deontological framework, therefore it is only concerned about duty and the importance of obeying rules. One has to obey the rules, there is no exception. It is the duty to fight again discrimination and it is against the law to commit hate crimes. For these reasons, Rationalism is the correct path when it come to fighting Trump’s America.

8 months 4 weeks ago

Alexandra, I would just like to start off by saying that I am in complete agreement with your stance on this topic. Your points are very well made and you have also clearly provided facts that show that this issue is not getting better. What I would like to do in this comment is explain the “why” of your stance, as I understand if from your article, through the information I have learned so far in my Media Ethics class.
It might seem like common sense to not carry out domestic violence, but that is only because society in America is made up on different rules than European countries. In our readings, we learned that practices and actions – in this case domestic violence – are considered moral if (among other things) the majority of the population agrees that they are moral. Conversely, it would follow that if the majority of the population disapproved of the actions, then they would be considered immoral and unethical. This is one of the defining features of moral relativism, the notion that there is no such thing as absolute morality, and that the same thing can be ethical in one culture but unethical in another. You may correct me if I am mistaken, But I believe that this is the cause of your disagreement on this issue.

Reply to: Head Over Heels
1 year 3 weeks ago

Hello Juicycouture,
thank you for the interesting article. In your argumentation on this Gucci ad, you could also add another perspective. For instance, the fact that the woman is standing above the man and the fact that she is the one who is pulling her pants down - not him - could be a sign of the dominance of the woman. It seems like she is the one who decides what the man is able to see and what not, kind of like she is playing with him. The man in his on his knees and indeed grabbing the woman's legs, which could also lead to the deduction that he is begging her to reveal her full body to him. He looks young, soft, and even has longer hair and wears make-up - quite different from the average display of masculinity in most commercials. There, men are often displayed as very muscular, tall, and often with beards. How could this be included in the discussion about gendered world views? Again, thank you for this article and I'm looking forward to your thoughts on these ideas.

1 year 6 months ago

Hi I found your text very well written and I really enjoyed reading it. We often talk of masculinity in North America so I really like how your text talked about masculinity in Japan since I rarely hear of it. We can see that Japanese people have different values needed to be seen as a men. Their society mostly values the job and social status of men. They look at how much money they make, their income. Therefore, some Japanese men that maybe were not as good academically, ending up with a lower paid job are being ridiculised by other people as they are not seen manly by the Japanese society. They live in a partriarchal world view where men are the ones that must support the whole family. Therefore whenever someone doesn't have a good job or is unemployed they are often picked on by the bigger alpha male and can get depressed and suicide. This once again links to the man box where people police others and bring others down in order to push themselves up and fit in the man box. By putting others down whether it is in a violent way or not, some men try to be seen as a hegemonic and powerful man. What they don't realize is that what they say or do is extremely mean and can really affect the other person. This often ends up with suicide and depression as they feel shame. Shame can lead may of them to violent acts such as suicide.

For more information on the man box, I recommend you this site: http://www.wgac.colostate.edu/men-and-masculinities

1 year 6 months ago

Your article was very interesting because it encompassed two topics that weren’t at all related: Donald Trump and video games. I really enjoyed that because I often get bored when I read in depth about one topic only. However, if you look at the article through a more optimistic lens, you may be able to further your analysis. Firstly, you begin your post by describing Trump as “provocative”. It is evidently ok to have an opinion, but the fact that you consider him provocative is irrelevant to the rest of your text. Secondly, I would explain the reason as to why you find what you consider “discrepancies in the article" actual discrepancies. Did it ever occur to you that the author didn’t include those ideas (that you think he left out) because they’re simply false? In addition, you mention that Trump undermines the other candidates. However, try naming one candidate from any country and any party that doesn’t do that. I also found that a few of your points lacked evidence, such as when you say: “what he hasn’t been focusing on, has been explaining how he will ameliorate the conditions of the United States”. It would be a different story had you backed up your thoughts. Nevertheless, “ameliorating the conditions of the United States” is actually the goal of his campaign… (Make America Great Again), and it worked for Ronald Reagan. Here is another tip for future writings: don’t refer to him as “Donald”, unless you know him personally. Regarding the portion on video games, you say that “many of these constraints are learned, and are not innate.” I suggest you read the book https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Men_Are_from_Mars,_Women_Are_from_Venus, just to get a feel of how different males are from females. Lastly, I definitely comprehend your dislike for this presidential candidate, but perhaps you should consider that he may have been born into a family with compulsive heterosexuality. You may want to read up on how his father brought him up.

1 year 6 months ago

I loved the post because it touched on an issue I was actually familiar with thanks to my Gendered World Views Class. However, it’s important not to ignore the very valid other side of this debate:
Because our society is so used to having two genders (female and male) since the beginning of civilizaiton, don’t you think it’s simply going to be a matter of time before we get used to having gender neutral bathrooms? I totally understand the “#WeJustNeedToPee” concept, since I definitely believe that the majority of cisgender people (“people whose gender identity reflects the genitalia that they were born with” Waurechen powerpoint) are essentially refusing to accept trans people as people. However, I think that the majority of the determined population, such as yourself, aren’t being patient enough and are just expecting change to happen overnight. The cause of the invented hashtag can’t be any reason other then the fact that people obviously need time to get used to new norms. For example, many girls (or boys) just haven’t gotten the opportunity to feel comfortable with another girl (or boy) in the bathroom that was biologically born a boy (or a girl). The integration of women in universities, the change from most single-sex to co-ed schools… it all took time. Therefore, there’s no need to get mad at someone (such as Senator Donald Plett) who just hasn’t had the proper exposure or understanding of this issue yet, as it’s a fairly new concept and it’s definitely not their fault that they’re used to seeing and being with people that look and act EXACTLY like them in public washrooms.
This link proves how people, at least for now, are still clearly uncomfortable with the concept. In 40 years or so, (thanks to #WeJustNeedToPee, and other hashtags), Ted Cruz probably won’t even be able to say what he said because trans people will finally have the right to choose the appropriate bathroom for their gender.
https://www.buzzfeed.com/maryanngeorgantopoulos/cruz-if-donald-trump-dre...

1 year 6 months ago

I really enjoyed reading your text. It is really well written and it flows really well. The various facts and examples you put really spiced up your text and made it extremely interesting. I like the topic you chose as we, students, can relate to it. Anxiety and stress are present in almost every school. I find that by adding a gender lens to that article, we can see another cause of stress. As we live in a patriarchal world view, where society values hegemonic masculinity, it can put a lot of stress on students. Many people police others on how they express their masculinity, forcing them to concord to the "man box". In the box, there are many words describing men that society values, such as strong, tough, in control, powerful and intimidating. And outside the box, there are words that certain men are called if they do not conform to the "man box". These words are often related to homosexuality. Many students then feel pressured to conform to it and are always on guard at school to make sure they stay masculine and strong, adding unnecessary stress. People that are called names and picked on for not conforming to the "man box" can feel excluded and it can lead to depression and suicide. Wanting to prove their masculinity, many men even turn to violence. The patriarchal also affects women negatively as they are seen as inferior than men. It can cause discouragement that once again can lead to suicide and depression. In brief, the patriarchal world view can bring a lot of stress to students already dealing with a lot of stress from school work. Therefore, the problem might not only be on our educational system, but also brought by the world view of our current society.
Here is a link if you want more information on the man box: http://www.wgac.colostate.edu/men-and-masculinities

1 year 7 months ago

Hello mermaid,
After reading your post, I would like to say that you have done a great job at expressing your view on these types of advertisements! I highly agree with you on most of the points that you made, such as “a young woman in a swim suit style bodysuit with her legs wide, beside her the words “Now Open”, as if her body is a well conditioned store that allows consumers to come in and out.” This statement stood out to me because I never really thought about that photo in that way. I like how you dug up the small things such as the “stretch marks, uneven skin tone and glimpse of oil on their faces.” I never thought about how “natural” they kept the young girl’s body! When i saw this photo, I was quite shocked. What shocked me is the angle in which the picture was taken. One thing you failed to mention is that also some men on advertisements for companies such as Calvin Klein, Tommy Hilfiger, Ralph Lauren, etc… have interesting photo angles as well. In most big brands we see that the male model is treated like an object, and are usually photoshopped unlike the female in American Apparel’s advertisement. Looking at this photo and then applying two different gendered lenses would help you in order to further your understanding and depth in regards to this photo.

1 year 7 months ago

Hi Yacine, you bring some very interesting points to light. It is evident that Torrence was profoundly disliked by his peers and this can be attributed to the fact that he was perpetually harassed and assaulted. In addition, your personal anecdote of life in Canada is extremely relevant to Torrence’s situation. Thankfully, your experience was much more pleasant compared to his, even though you were exposed to a degree of racism and xenophobia. Nonetheless, there are a few instances where your article is lacking a few elements to make it more cohesive. While I do agree with you that some children do not have the full capacity to understand the differences in race, it is very ignorant to say that the racism Torrence is subjected to is not purposefully racist. Children can easily observe that their only counterpart that is different is Torrence; therefore they pick on him solely because the pigments of their skin differ. You mentioned that we don’t know the full story, so we do not know whom the true aggressor is, however, Torrence just wanted to integrate and make friends. White people are not inherently racist, and in Canada we generally pat ourselves on the back for being more progressive and accepting. This implores the question of why he is forced to use a separate bathroom to avoid being hurt. This child, who has not even experienced one fifth of his life, already desperately wants it to end. Boys can be cruel and even they can embody traits of the man box. They are subconsciously taught to defend their masculinity, even with violence. Another characteristic is to dominate over the weaker or ‘inferior’ people. To conclude, I do believe that parents play a crucial in the formation of their children’s beliefs, and up until 6 years old, the child’s main interaction will be with his parents. Therefore, the parents should be re-educated and throw away all their predispositions to educate their kids.

Man Box Definition:
http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=man+box

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