Early Modern Knowledge
About this class
To quote L.P. Hartley: “The past is a foreign country: they do things differently there.” Early modern Europe (1500-1800) does indeed seem like a foreign land, where kings and queens ruled over a population that would be considered both ignorant and subservient by modern standards. And yet, this was a universe that had its own rationale and a time when important developments in scientific, philosophical, political, and religious knowledge laid the foundation for the world in which we live today. Western society embraced the notion that the earth revolved around the sun, and ideas about a divinely ordained monarchy gave way to the defense of democratic forms; theologians tore apart the Christian church, and people began to think through the implications of empire and conquest as Europeans spread themselves around the globe.
How was knowledge constructed in this period, and how and why did older forms of knowing give way to new ways of understanding the universe? Moreover, how were the various intellectual developments of the day interrelated, and what does all of this tell us about the production of knowledge more generally? This course will investigate how knowledge was produced (and also reformed) in the early modern world and, in the process, develop students' capacity for critical thought and analysis. It is organized thematically rather than chronologically, and incorporates workshops and in-class activities alongside lecture material. A participation mark will be also assigned.
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First of all, I like the way you asked a question as a title. It is intriguing; it makes people wonder what is going on here. I agree that some costume has gone way too far concerning racism. Some costumes are offensive and others simply racist. However, I would like to add a little extra about gender.
There are costumes that portray too much sexuality. Although there are sexual costumes for both males and females, the female population has way more choices regarding their costume than the male population. It is a matter of choice to dress as we like. However, costume manufacturers promote the use of (mainly) female sexuality in their design. Thus, promoting rape culture where the victim is at fault and normalizing the violence of the aggressor.
“[Psychologist Sally Foster] suggested that those who dress up as hot nurses, prostitutes or maybe even French maids might suggest someone’s repressed sexual tendencies”
Once again, it is a choice for people to dress up as they like. But, should manufacturers, designers and advertisers promotes sexuality?
What I about this post was the choice of the ad. The typical sexist ads, specifically ones objectifying women, expose a woman’s body very explicitly. This particular ad had an implicit way of objectifying a woman’s body. It is clear, in this campaign for Post-It, that they are showing women to be sexual objects, showing that men are allowed to sleep with as many women as they want, while not even remembering their names, which you have precisely pointed out.
By looking at this ad through the lens of the man box, one may perceive this ad in a man’s point of view. To review, the man box is a list of characteristics defining what a man should be, such as viewing women as objects/property, protective, heterosexual and so on. In the analysis, you clearly explained how the post-it, with the name written on it, implies that a man is using a woman as a sexual object. So instead of looking at this ad in a woman’s point of view, one can look at this ad in the point of view of a man, where they might see the man in the ad fulfilling the a characteristic of the man box.
I found that this article helps one understand the man box by going into the history of how the man box came to be: http://tokiscool.blogspot.ca/2012/03/man-box.html
This is an interesting post.I love how you use your statistics to help you with your argument. The wage gap is a common problem in many countries and it does not seem to change with the years.The fact that you looked at the United states, one of the most talked about countries in the news in the last few weeks because of the election is a good.Although you used only the statistics for the whole country you still provided a chart of some states to give an overall view in comparison to the average wage gape, which helps to understand the variability of the wage gap. You also mentioned the factors that influence the wage gap ,which is essential if someone wants to understand the wage gap fully.
After that, you start explaining the two different ways of seeing pregnancy of a woman. The first way is the point of view of the mother and you explain it really good but I think you are unconsciously making reference to the Mommy track. To finish with your possible solution seems to be hard for a woman to take it seriously don't you think ? But to conclude, the wage gap is surely created by something and one the things could be pregnancy but did you checked out the glass ceiling ? The glass ceiling could very much affect the way women are paid in the society.
Your post was very interesting and well thought out. I really enjoyed reading it. One key term that can be associated with an advert such as this one is rape-culture. This term is defined as a scenario where women who are victims of rape are slut shamed and male sexual violence is normalized. This cannot be accepted in today’s society. An advert such as the one you spoke about is harmful to societies ideologies about women. This ad is doing more than selling a product but it is also selling sexual violence. It is not only ads where women are objectified but it is also seen in other giant media outlets such as the music industry, Hollywood, and the gaming industry. Women have fought many years to be equal to men but in many ads such as this one women are seen as inferior to men. An article that might advance your knowledge of rape culture and pertains to this article would be the recent scandals with Donald Trump in the USA 2016 elections. A man of such power who is a primary candidate for the 2016 presidential election should not be promoting these values on a world wide scale.
The post define well the definiton of racism and race according to Diamond. The title is intriguing and it invites people to comment on the post. Racism is an issue; although the post focussed mainly on skin color, it could be interesting to have additional details on gender differences. According to Liang et al, gender have different ways of coping with racism. Thus, gender differences have different impact on them. Therefore, adding information concerning gender will emphasize the impact of racism on everyone's life. Gender is not the same thing as sex. Gender is define by feminine and masculine rather than female or male. Which suggest that gender roles doesn’t apply on sex. Thus, racism are not based on sex but on gender because if it is based on sex it will become another in the society: sexism
Liang, C. H., Alvarez, A. N., Juang, L. P., & Liang, M. X. (2007). The Role of Coping in the Relationship Between Perceived Racism and Racism-Related Stress for Asian Americans: Gender Differences. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 54(2), 132-141. doi:10.1037/00-0188.8.131.52
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