Samurai is still alive!!!
by Puppy on June 10, 2014 - 10:25pm
Do you know the SAMURAI? And, do you know the three great SAMURAI of the Japan (oda Nobunaga, Toyotomi Hidetosi and Tokugawa Ieyasu).
I will introduce about the Samurai from now on. Moreover, the period when a samurai fought most (the Sengoku period), will introduce about the three great SAMURAI of the Japan (Oda Nobunaga, Toyotomi Hidetosi and Tokugawa Ieyasu).
The word 'samurai' is derived from the word 'saburau' which means 'to serve'. It's believed that the forerunners of the samurai were men who served the nobility as guards, roughly 1,000 years ago. By the end of the 12th century, samurai became almost entirely Synonymous with bushi, and the word was closely associated with the middle and upper echelons of the warrior class. The samurai followed a set of rules that came to be known as bushido. Their teachings can still be found today in both everyday life and in modern Japanese martial arts. Example, There are these words “Be loyal to your master. Observe proper etiquette. Do what's right without hesitation. Show compassion for the weak” “A samurai never breaks his word.” “Unformulated, Bushido was and still is the animating spirit, the motor force of our country.”
During the age of civil war in the 16th century. Samurai warriors fought and died in the battles for land expansion and power. A series of superstar warlords emerged. It was an era when military strength was the key to gaining political power.
Among them Famous samurai who played an active part is Oda Nobunaga, Toyotomi Hidetosi and Tokugawa Ieyasu.
Oda Nobunaga was the initiator of the unification of Japan under the shogunate in the late 16th century, which ruled Japan until the Meiji Restoration in 1868. He was also a major daimyo during the Sengoku period of Japanese history. His work was continued, completed and finalized by his successors Toyotomi Hideyoshi and Tokugawa Ieyasu. He was the second son of Oda Nobuhide, a deputy shugo (military governor) with land holdings in Owari Province. Nobunaga lived a life of continuous military conquest, eventually conquering a third of Japan before his death in a 1582 coup. His successor, Toyotomi Hideyoshi, a loyal Oda supporter, would become the first man to unify all of Japan, and was thus the first ruler of the whole country since the Onin War.
However, Nobunaga was killed Mitsuhide at the Incident at Honnoji on June 21, 1582.
Just days after the coup at Honno-ji, Mitsuhide was killed at the Battle of Yamazaki and his army was defeated by Hashiba Hideyoshi, who eventually became heir to Nobunaga's legacy. He is more widely known as Toyotomi Hideyoshi. At the time of Nobunaga's death, he was in control of more than half of the provinces in Japan, the majority of which were in the Kyoto region.
Toyotomi Hideyoshi was a preeminent daimyo, warrior, general and politician of the Sengoku period who is regarded as Japan's second. He succeeded his former lord, Oda Nobunaga, and brought an end to the Sengoku period. The period of his rule is often called the Momoyama period, named after Hideyoshi's castle. After his death, his young son Hideyori was displaced by Tokugawa Ieyasu. Hideyoshi is noted for a number of cultural legacies, including the restriction that only members of the samurai class could bear arms. He financed the construction, restoration and rebuilding of many temples standing today in Kyoto. Hideyoshi played an important role in the history of Christianity in Japan when he ordered the execution by crucifixion of twenty-six Christians.
Tokugawa Ieyasu was the founder and first shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan, which ruled from the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600 until the Meiji Restoration in 1868. Ieyasu seized power in 1600, received appointment as shogun in 1603, abdicated from office in 1605, but remained in power until his death in 1616. His given name is sometimes spelled Iyeyasu, according to the historical pronunciation of our. Ieyasu was posthumously enshrined at Nikko Tosyouguu with the name Tosyo Daigongen.
The three great SAMURAI of the Japan (Oda Nobunaga, Toyotomi Hidetosi and Tokugawa Ieyasu) has been handed a story down from generation to generation in our time. Even in contemporary Japan,people with high aspirations
who adhere unwaveringly to their principles are sometimes referred to as samurai.
In that sense, the samurai values continue to be the soul of Japan.
In short Even now the heart of samurai are left, as “busidou”.