by 018 Saya on June 19, 2014 - 1:35am
I would like to tell you my opinion about the aging society.
In recent years, old people are increasing in Japan. Of course I think living long life is very important, but there is a lot of problems.
First of all, if old people increasing more, the family will have to spend a lot of money. For example, medical costs, nursing care products etc. Most old people use hospital many times, so I think the family spends a lot of money especially for medical costs. In Japan, we have to pay medical costs of about only 30%. However, I think medical costs are very expensive, so medical costs are a burden of the family.
Second, we have to pay more money for nursing care insurance. Japan has a very large depression now, so we have to save money. That’s why it is hard to pay. If nursing care insurance costs go up, we can’t buy things that we want and we have to work more than now.
Third, we need more care workers. Once, the family are devoted to caring for the elderly, but recently, the nuclear family is increaseing e in Japan. Therefore the family cannot caring for them now. Since as we have to work hard, so we entrust care worker with the job of caring. However, a care workers is decreasing e now because of low wages although it is hard work. This has been a problem in Japan. According to the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare’s website, the people who became a care worker is 27.4%, but the people who leave this job is 26.1%. They said that “We need 400,000 to 600,000 people who become a care worker for ten years from now because probably the number of old people are still increase.”
Finally, if the old people increases more, the people who are under 65 years old will have to work harder than now, so probably women will not marry and will not give birth. If women do not give birth, I think the birth rate in Japan will continue to decline. It is bad for Japan’s future.
These three points are very serious problems in Japan. These points have a relationship to each other. If the parents can’t pay costs for their mother or father, they have to work hard and make a lot of money. Then, the people who are young women become career woman, they spend most time for their work. That’s why they will be busy, so they do not marry and do not have children. If they do not have children, young people’s numbers will decrease and the burden to pay nursing care insurance increases. Can you realized the important of these things? If the aging society keeps going, this bad chain effect will continue forever. Therefore, I think that this chain must be stopped. I think the government has to think about countermeasures to the declining birth rate immediately. I have some ideas about it.
I think we have to increase the birth rate. The old people are still increasing, but children’s numbers need to increase. The reason was that we have a lot of expenses. For example, pension, and nursing care insurance. If Japan is not an aging society, the young people who are under 65 years old would not have to spend a lot of money for pension and nursing care insurance. The women do not give birth, so the population decreases, those who can work reduce, and only elderly people increase in number. That’s why I think that what is necessary is just to define the system within which a woman can be pleased after childbirth. I think that a woman wants to give birth and will be happy to do so if the environment into which the baby arrives makes it possible to have a good life.
Another idea is to raise a care worker's salary. I think this idea is a very good one. Hard work and low wages are the main reason that a care worker leaves their job. I think if a salary and labor quantity become equal, the young people wanting to work as a care worker will increase and the people who leave their job will decrease.
The old people who live long are increasing e, but it is a problem of Japan that the system has not caught up with yet. I think if a problem is improvable, everybody can be feel happy in an aging society. In order to make Japan into a better society, I consider an idea to better ourselves and we need to act.