by 020 Koki on June 19, 2014 - 1:17am
I will write it about aging society. What is the aging society? It occurs when the population 65 years or older increases in d society and it becomes a large part of the total population. Declining birthrate often promotes further increases in the aging society’s rise. Declining birthrate and aging are not necessarily progressing at the same time and rate, but seem to be strongly related. Generally, the aging societies are classified as follows. “In the aging society, an aging rate is 7% -14%. Aged society is 14% -21%. The super aged society is more than 21%. By the way, Japan became the super aged society at 21.5% in 2007.” The Japanese Government acted with the Basic Law for aged society measures in 1986 and clarified the guidance of aged society measures of the government. However, it checked this in 1995 and established a fundamental law. It states a fundamental right for all citizens of a social system modifying the employment, pension, medical care, the welfare, education, social participation, living environment should be deserve by all society young and aged.
How about the foreign countries? According to "the general population statistics 2013 version," the aging rates are as follows. “German is 20.38%. Italian is 20.35%. Greece is 18.55%. Swedish is 18.24%. Portuguese is 17.94%. Austrian is 17.60%. Bulgarian is 17.52%. Belgian is 17.43%. French is 16.79%. Swiss is 16.70%. British is 16.59%. Danish is 16.45%. Netherlands is 15.31%. Norwegian is 14.68%. Canadian is 14.11%. Australia is 13.45%. American is 13.06%.” Most countries are aged society. Japan is a super aged society. This is a problem that is serious for Japan. When declining birthrate advances and aging advances, workers decrease. When such a thing happens, the economy of Japan declines. And the Japanese company is inferior to an overseas company. We Japanese comes to feel uncomfortable in life when it can happen.
Why did Japan become the super aged society? I think that I include some points. First, primarily an average life span having increased by medical progress. Second, the economy of Japan being in bad times. Third, the tendency to marry late in life by the bad times. Fourth, the people who lived alone without marrying having increased. Sixth, the people who avoid having a child even if they marry because life is not stable. Eighth, because families having a child decreased, the population of the next generation decreases. …There are other various reasons. I was surprised that there were too many causes of the aged society, and I think that the issue of aged society is really serious.
What should we do? What kind of measures should Japan take? There is no merit marrying under the present conditions in bad times, and there is not the merit to produce a child, because people will spend money in various ways, life gets harder more. Therefore the Japanese Government should give benefits for marrying, and having a child. The people who marrying would increase, and people having a child would also increase. Then next-generation workers would increase and lead to stopping the declining birthrate. When I become an adult, the aging will advance more. The declining birthrate will advance, too. I want the government to try those measures hard. It is the problem that should be settled for our bright future.