Trans Pacific Partner’s agreement

by 036 Yurika on December 17, 2015 - 1:14am

 

The TPP (Trans-Pacific Partner’s) agreement is a free-trade agreement between so far 12 countries at the Pacific Ocean, more precisely the U.S, Australia, Brunei Darussalam, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore and Vietnam. The agreement is closed to the public, however, some documents leaked and provides it with a small insight of its contents. Many newspapers state that it is a move against China’s growing economic influence on the world. In the following, I will write about its positive effects, negative ones and what kind of effect it will have on Japan.

 

According to the website “about news”, positive effects can be found in economic growth through lower export tariffs and more jobs. Moreover, U.S.’s farmers may gain a lot from this agreement as most of the processed food is going to waste. Finally, all trade partners have to reduce wildlife trafficking such as marine species, elephants and rhinoceroses. Environmental abuse such as unstainable fishing is prevented. In case these rules are violated, there will be trade penalties.

 

The secrecy of this agreement shows that there must be some parts in it, which might meet the resistance of the public. For example, the agreement on patents will make it difficult for people with little money to buy generics, which will hit especially developing countries hard and create difficulties for organizations like the medicines sans frontiers. The above mentioned economic boost will affect mostly large companies and the rich. Another controversy is the protection of copyright and patents. Downloading music from the internet will be either more expensive or prosecuted as crime. The blind and deaf won’t be able to access pages to help them and therefore excluded.

 

The newspaper The Diplomat states that Japan will profit, as regulations for foreign countries to join the market have been relaxed, Japan might have an opportunity to expand their business overseas. Moreover the “rule of origin” requiring only 45% of the product to be made in the TPP, allows Japan to get parts for example their cars from another country, in which they don’t have to pay a lot of wages and then sell it to the normal price. Concerns arise with farmers, as they will have to compete against foreign ones. Especially the rules on rice have been strict until now, which will change with the new agreement.

 

In conclusion, it is hard to say, how bad the agreement will be, as it is not shown to the public. However, I think from the medical point of view, it is a harsh baffle against humanity and the right of equal medical care.

 

 

References:

http://tppinfo.org/resources/whats-in-the-tpp/

http://thediplomat.com/2015/10/what-the-tpp-means-for-japan/

http://www.wsj.com/articles/house-passes-trade-component-but-trans-pacific-partnership-still-in-doubt-1449863100

http://www.msfaccess.org/spotlight-on/trans-pacific-partnership-agreement

http://www.citizen.org/documents/TPP-and-health.pdf

http://useconomy.about.com/od/Trade-Agreements/fl/What-Is-the-Trans-Pacific-Partnership.htm

http://www.equities.com/news/how-will-tpp-affect-the-economy-and-the-world

 

Comments

I agree with your opinions on how the TPP would negatively affect healthcare, especially for people that are unable to afford the non-generic versions of drugs. You mention that the decision not to make the TPP a public agreement must mean that there are parts of it that would meet resistance from the public. Do you think that this agreement should be made public? If the agreement were to meet resistance before it was finalized, do you think that it would ever go through?

I think it might be difficult to bring it through, but then again isn't that what makes a democracy, to consider the opinion of the public, before agreeing to something that has such a big impact on its lives? Even though it might be cause the agreement to be put off for a longer time, isn't that better than some politicians, who might have even corrupt selfish thoughts as well to decide over the heads of the public? The country's future shouldn't be decided by the voices of these rich politicians only...In Japan, there has been a decision for a system called "my number", in short, everyone in Japan will receive a number and officials can see all our movements ( for example why we quit a job etc.) with this number. None has ever asked us whether we want that...so I really am against such decisions without the public's consent...What do you think about it?

I like how you started to go into medicine and how the TPP can affect health and medicine? The rest of your points are very valid, and i agree with them.
have a good day.

Hi asendra,
Thank you for your comment. How big of an issue is it in America?
have a nice day:)

I was serious while reading your essay. Actually, I didn’t know a lot about TPP, but your essay told me about that. I was surprised that 12 countries agree with TPP, and the countries are located in far places. I thought that TPP is related to cross cultural understanding. Of course TPP has both good point and bad point. I think it is difficult to hold a meeting to discuss it, but Japanese government has to understand the bad points, and discuss them with other countries. Also, we have to tell or show our thoughts and opinions to them for our lives.

I agree with you that it is important to discuss and that those meetings are certainly not easy. However, these politicians are not showing any information with the public, so it will be difficult to say how it will turn out. Most politicians will probably just try to get the economically best contract for their country. I also have still to learn a lot about the TPP and will try to follow the news.

I know Japan belongs to TPP, but I didn’t know about TPP in detail. I think Japanese should understand what is TPP, however, many of them don’t understand. I think this is big problem. So this is opportunity for me to learn about TPP from your paper. I learned TPP gives Japan many good effects. Before reading your essay, I assumed TPP gives us many bad effects, because news on TV always says about problem of TPP. I understand TPP is very useful system, but there are some problems, too. I think Japan tends to export and import. Japan depends on other countries, so it is important for us to belong to TPP.

I might have not expressed myself so clearly, but I don't think very well of the TPP. I think as they don't show the public what the TPP exactly is, it makes me think that not much good will come out of it. Even if I tried to find some good aspects in it, the secrecy with which they decide over the heads of thousands of people, who will be affected by this contract the most, makes me uncomfortable and also a bit angry. We only know little of it, as someone was able to leak some information about it. My paper doesn't show anything useful, it is just a collection of the bits and pieces from newspapers, so the best way to learn about it, is to follow the news I guess. As for Japan, there will be positive and negative effects like in the other countries, but as far as I have learnt, it will mostly be the already rich people who will profit and if wildlife and environment was their concern, they could do a separate agreement. For example the way that many countries are still not willing to reduce their CO2 exhaust into the air lets me doubt whether this part of the contract will be making any changes.

About the author

Hello!
My name is Yurika. I am half Japanese and half Swiss. 5 years ago I moved with my mother to Japan. I am living now in Shioya, near Kobe (1hour from Osaka, situated at the ocean.)
I am a first year student at Kansai University of International Studies.