Water: Source of Life and Conflict.
by JRajotte on October 18, 2013 - 11:48pm
In the article Conflict Over Water Rise in Tanzania published on Trust.org on October 18,2013 , it is said that global warming has made water resources in the Tanzania scarcer. According to the article this worsens the current availability of water in the region. Within 3 years there are around 2000 herders with around 200000 animals who have moved to the area straining the resources and degrading the land. It is also stated that out of 3.4 million people living around the basin 80% of them live of farming. It is also said in the article that 90% of the water is used for irrigation and generation of electricity. The main tension in the area is between the farmers and the Maasai farmers, which have escalated in violence between the two groups. Other factors that contribute to this problem are deforestation, farming and livestock raising.
I believe that there should be more government intervention in order to control the resource, or maybe reforestation would help with a part of the problem. A major road block would be controlling the resource itself since it’s unthinkable to deny the lively hood of people and endanger them, by limiting water. The best solution would be education of the local population and if the two groups would work together rather than against each other maybe it would be possible for them to resolve this issue.