Proposal for Composting

by SunnyDeng on November 8, 2017 - 12:51pm

In an article on sciencing, John Newton (2017) explains that the space needed to create a landfill site destroys the homes of many species, as well as pollutes the water in the ground and the quality of the soil around the site. Not to mention the degradation of the health of those who lives near those sites. Plus, he explains how it generates methane gas which is a known greenhouse gas that does more damage to the atmosphere than carbon dioxide. In other words, it can exponentially speed up climate change. Indeed, methane is said to stay in the atmosphere for 9 to 15 years and it is one of the major contributor of greenhouse gas emissions (Tox Town, 2017).

Like many other countries in America, Canada also uses landfills to dump their wastes in. Thus, it is something that cannot continue if we, or the future generations, are to live on Earth.

A way to minimize the use of landfills is composting. In an article by Otten (2001), he states that almost half the waste that was collected was organic which is “responsible for most of the…landfill gas problems”. Organic waste is something that could have been composted instead of thrown into a landfill. Indeed, Otten (2001) exclaims that by composting, it reduces the dangerous gases spread by landfills and increases their life. Thus, if composting were to become a more common aspect of people’s lives, then it would be possible to reduce the sizes and numbers of landfills needed. Plus, by having less waste, then less transportation is needed to move the wastes to landfills, ultimately also reducing not only methane emission, but also carbon dioxide emissions. However, because many lives in a small house or in an apartment, it would be a large benefit for the environment if the government of Canada were to do compost for their citizens as it can also be used as fertilizer for farms and would not restrict composting to those who have a yard.

This is important for Da Sen and I’s community because while we do recycle, we do not do anything about organic waste. Thus, with the recent changes in plastic bags and recycling bins, we should also incorporate a government controlled composting facility.

 

Works Cited

Newton, John. (2017, April 25). The Effects of Landfills on the Environment. Retrieved from https://sciencing.com/effects-landfills-environment-8662463.html.

Otten, Lambert. (2001, February 2). Wet–dry composting of organic municipal solid waste: current status in Canada. Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, 28(1s), 124-130. Retrieved from EBSCOhost

Tox Town. (2017, April 19). Methane. Retrieved from https://toxtown.nlm.nih.gov/text_version/chemicals.php?id=92.

Comments

You guys have done a good job on research. It explains really well the consequences of waste and creation of landfill on the environment. Also I think it a might be a good idea to introduce or put compost bin in the school or even outside of the school. However, i don't see what you guys will actually do for the action research project.Ex:what's your goal? what are you going to do? How is this project going to help the population to be more sustainable? Is this project going to inform people or is this project going to make some impacts?

I strongly agree with you that municipalities need to find new ways of waste disposal because landfill spaces are rare and it is a threat to the environment. You proposed compost as an efficient way to dispose of the organic waste and I found one city in the United-State that is not only mastering this technique but also the overall champion of zero waste. San-Francisco will soon reach his goal of 100% recycled waste and is proving to the world that this objective is possible and profitable. The Pier 96 is the 20000 m2 biggest center of recycling in the world and was build to achieve a goal they established in 2013 to have zero waste by the year 2020. In 2015, they were already at 80% of recycled waste, which mean they are getting very close to their objective. In this huge recycling center of San Fransisco, the organic matter that is collected at night is used to produce 650 tons of compost that is then sold to the farms in the region. What is also great with the Pier 96 is that it created 178 jobs really well paid and reserved for people living in poor neighbourhoods. Furthermore, the enormous Hilton Hotel of this city has, since 2000, compost all leftovers from its 7500 meal served daily. They were able to save 250000 dollars per year just by reducing the costs related to the picking up of waste. This is why in 2005, the 4500 restaurants in the city followed the Hilton example and started to compost. I think that San Francisco sends a very positive image to other big cities and prove them that everything is achievable.

article:
https://proquest-crc.proxy.ccsr.qc.ca/cbcacomplete/docview/1735884568/9C...

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