White Privilege in the Educational System
by Farzana on November 17, 2016 - 12:25am
The article Race to College: The “Reverse Gap” written by William Mangino argues that a reverse gap exists in the college educational system. Mangino does an experiment using a group of 12,576 people of five different races but only focusing of whites and blacks. The author wants to break the stereotype that black people are drop outs and white people are high graduates. In his article, the author wants to make us aware of the white privilege that white people have by mentioning the fact that black people know that “hard work [produce] the house [they] live in, the clothes [they were], the food [they eat]” (Mangino , 2010 ) but they know that it is harder for them to succeed. Even if they make it to their goal, it seems like the final rewards cannot be compared to “those of whites” (Mangino , 2010) and that they had to “work twice as hard to get half as far”(Mangino , 2010). While doing his experiment, William Mangino took many factors in consideration such as the “race’ of the respondents, their income, their parents, income, the neighborhood’s average income and other fact that could impact their progression at school. Mangino took datas in 1995 and compared them to the data he got in 2002 with the same people. The final result of the experiment was that in fact, black people with the same socioeconomic status than the white people could get higher studies or equivalent studies but unfortunately they found less jobs once they graduate.
I believe that this study is efficient to show two points: there is in fact a white privilege probably not explicitly in the educational system but in the system in general and that the stereotype of black drop outs and white high graduate is not true. Although this study is overall good to back up his arguments and show his goals, I have difficulty to think that his studies can be true in other institution or other countries. I think he did a good job, but the fact that only 16% percent of his respondent were black people I feel that it is not as relevant as it could potentially be if he had more respondent. I personally do believe that white privilege exists and that experiment could have proven it but with more subjects. In my opinion, it is still exposing facts such as the black people getting higher study degree than the whites with the same socioeconomic status as them but they definitely had more difficulty to find a job. This experience would be an example of white privilege. White privilege is a bag of unearned goods/benefits that white people have.