Racial Microstressors, Racial Self-Concept, and Depressive Symptoms among Male African-Americans during the Transition to Adulthood

by CastanheiroA on November 14, 2016 - 12:53pm

Ariana Castanheiro

 

Racial Microstressors, Racial Self-Concept, and Depressive Symptoms among Male African-Americans during the Transition to Adulthood

Summary

Kogan, Yu, Allen and Brody conducted a study in 2014 on the association between racial discrimination and the depressive symptoms that African-American teenagers may develop later on. The authors hypothesized that adolescents that are exposed to microstressors related to racism may change their racial self concept and increase chances of depressive symptoms. Between the ages of 16 to 20, they also believe that the chances of developing symptoms related to depression may increase. The study focusses on 222 African-American teenagers who were selected at random  from high schools in Georgia. The authors also measured other factors. The researchers asked the participants to answer questions about their socioeconomic status, complete a survey about they hostility, report how many times they have engaged in a delinquent action in the past 6 months, whether or not they are affiliated with delinquent friends, how often they have experienced racial microstressors in the past 12 months, what their view on racial self-concept is, express their self control issues and their depressive symptoms were assessed.  The results showed that discrimination has become more and more present amongst African0American teenagers and that the racial microstressors do indeed predicts some changes in the development of depressive symptoms. These teenagers tend to notice these discriminatory actions because now that they are older they are more aware. They attend bigger schools, they now work, they are more exposed to people of other “races”, etc. 

 

Response

This article was interesting to me because it shows the long-term psychological effects that racism has on people. As this is something that we have not really discussed in detail in class, it was interesting to see a different perspective of racism. As we have seen in class, being part of a minority group will affect your life in many ways. For example, we have see that people who are part of a minority group may have a more difficult time finding a job that somebody who is caucasian, or may be treated differently based on their physical appearance. However, the psychological damage that one may experience is a sub category of what minorities they face. The way they are treated in their developing adolescent years will affect their mental health later. These are long lasting effects that people of a racial minority may face and it is undermined. I do feel like it would have been relevant for the authors to create a follow up study of what the mental state of the participants was after the age of 20 (mid 40s, 50s, etc.). I looked for a follow up study and did not find one. 

 

Work Cited

 

  1. Kogan, S. M., Yu, T., Allen, K. A., & Brody, G. H. (2015). Racial microstressors, racial self-concept, and depressive symptoms among male african americans during the transition to adulthood. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 44(4), 898-909. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10964-014-0199-3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 11.0px 'Times New Roman'; color: #000000; -webkit-text-stroke: #000000} p.p2 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 11.0px 'Times New Roman'; color: #000000; -webkit-text-stroke: #000000; min-height: 12.0px} p.p3 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; text-align: center; font: 11.0px 'Times New Roman'; color: #000000; -webkit-text-stroke: #000000} p.p4 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; text-align: justify; font: 11.0px 'Times New Roman'; color: #000000; -webkit-text-stroke: #000000} p.p5 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; text-align: justify; font: 11.0px 'Times New Roman'; color: #000000; -webkit-text-stroke: #000000; min-height: 12.0px} li.li1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 11.0px 'Times New Roman'; color: #000000; -webkit-text-stroke: #000000} span.s1 {font-kerning: none} span.s2 {font: 12.0px Helvetica; color: #000000} span.s3 {text-decoration: underline ; font-kerning: none} span.Apple-tab-span {white-space:pre} ol.ol1 {list-style-type: decimal}

 

About the author