Black Students in Predominantly White Institutions
by SimDes07 on November 15, 2016 - 11:16am
Ibrahim Mohamad Karkouti’s (2016) study investigated the effect of predominantly White institutions (PWIs) on educational experiences of African Americans students. The main hypothesis of the study was that higher education institutions tend to have a conservative culture and discriminatory recruitment policies that create racial issues concerning the enrollment of African Americans students and their experience as college students. To test the hypothesis, the researchers focused on the academic performance of African Americans students, their educational experience, their cross-racial interactions, their relationships with the instructors, the support for their welfare and their students’ chances of academic success. The results were significant when the experiences in HBCUs and PWIs were analyzed. In fact, African Americans students had better college experience in historically Black colleges and universities (HBCUs) than PWIs. Also, the relationships with the instructors were better in HBCUs, the cross-racial interactions were maintained, the academic performances were higher and they had a better support for their welfare. For students who went in PWIs, the dropout rate was higher and the academic achievement was lower than students in HBCUs. In addition, minority students dealt with a lot of difficulties, such as racial stresses, that affect their progression. As well, the author mentioned that negatives perceptions from African Americans in PWIs were due to racial climate. They saw White colleges as an unaccepting environment. In reaction to these results, the author states that predominantly White campuses reduce the chances of African Americans’ academic success, decline academic performance and create social conflicts. The author also claims that making higher education institutions more available for all types of student would prepare a new generation of highly skilled workers ready to develop a strong and durable economy. Moreover, universities and colleges are expected to improve community-based programs in which they will engage students for diversity-based initiatives. The author concluded by saying that diversity issues must be taken seriously to avoid future social conflicts.
After the reading of this study and the results that came out of it, I think the merits of this study are the significant results that show the disadvantages and the underrepresentation of racial and ethnic minorities in higher education institutions, known as systemic racism. As we saw in class, racism is defined as an ideology that makes one racial group superior to the others based on skin colour and other physical traits. Being racist lead to implicit or explicit set of beliefs with actions based on this ideology. In this study, African Americans were victims of systemic racism from higher education institutions with a majority of White students because policies and practices from these established institutions excluded this specific group of people. Furthermore, one of the drawbacks in this study is the number of educational leaders in higher education institutions. Educational leaders and professionals are needed to determine the factors that affect their personal experience in these institutions. After they determine the factors, leaders and professionals will be able to establish strategies to reduce racial hostility, create racially inclusive learning environments, promote equality and decrease the disparity between Whites and African Americans in colleges.
Karkouti, I. M. (2016). Black Students’ Educational Experiences In Predominantly White Universities: A Review Of The Related Literature. College Student Journal. 50(1), 59-70. Retrieved from Academic Search Elite database.