Black Students in Predominantly White Institutions

by SimDes07 on November 15, 2016 - 11:16am

Ibrahim Mohamad Karkouti’s (2016) study investigated the effect of predominantly White institutions (PWIs) on educational experiences of African Americans students. The main hypothesis of the study was that higher education institutions tend to have a conservative culture and discriminatory recruitment policies that create racial issues concerning the enrollment of African Americans students and their experience as college students. To test the hypothesis, the researchers focused on the academic performance of African Americans students, their educational experience, their cross-racial interactions, their relationships with the instructors, the support for their welfare and their students’ chances of academic success. The results were significant when the experiences in HBCUs and PWIs were analyzed. In fact, African Americans students had better college experience in historically Black colleges and universities (HBCUs) than PWIs. Also, the relationships with the instructors were better in HBCUs, the cross-racial interactions were maintained, the academic performances were higher and they had a better support for their welfare. For students who went in PWIs, the dropout rate was higher and the academic achievement was lower than students in HBCUs. In addition, minority students dealt with a lot of difficulties, such as racial stresses, that affect their progression. As well, the author mentioned that negatives perceptions from African Americans in PWIs were due to racial climate. They saw White colleges as an unaccepting environment. In reaction to these results, the author states that predominantly White campuses reduce the chances of African Americans’ academic success, decline academic performance and create social conflicts. The author also claims that making higher education institutions more available for all types of student would prepare a new generation of highly skilled workers ready to develop a strong and durable economy. Moreover, universities and colleges are expected to improve community-based programs in which they will engage students for diversity-based initiatives. The author concluded by saying that diversity issues must be taken seriously to avoid future social conflicts.

After the reading of this study and the results that came out of it, I think the merits of this study are the significant results that show the disadvantages and the underrepresentation of racial and ethnic minorities in higher education institutions, known as systemic racism. As we saw in class, racism is defined as an ideology that makes one racial group superior to the others based on skin colour and other physical traits. Being racist lead to implicit or explicit set of beliefs with actions based on this ideology. In this study, African Americans were victims of systemic racism from higher education institutions with a majority of White students because policies and practices from these established institutions excluded this specific group of people. Furthermore, one of the drawbacks in this study is the number of educational leaders in higher education institutions. Educational leaders and professionals are needed to determine the factors that affect their personal experience in these institutions. After they determine the factors, leaders and professionals will be able to establish strategies to reduce racial hostility, create racially inclusive learning environments, promote equality and decrease the disparity between Whites and African Americans in colleges.


Karkouti, I. M. (2016). Black Students’ Educational Experiences In Predominantly White Universities: A Review Of The Related Literature. College Student Journal. 50(1), 59-70. Retrieved from Academic Search Elite database.








The title of this post got my attention but the hypothesis of the article really drew me into the post and drove me to keep reading. I found it interesting how it was stated that some institutions are conservative and don't recruit those of color. I found this article interesting because I am a part of an institution that it predominately white. In many of my classes there is a minority population of those of color. When looking around many of my classes it is seen that only 2 or 3 of the students are those of color in the room and the rest white. I find this as an issue because either the students of color are either not getting the education they require in high school in order to move onto college or that many colleges are being a tad discriminatory towards the individuals of color. Overall this post was very interesting with many good points brought up and a good summary of the research article.

Very good article!! It is evident that you have done extensive research on this subject and that you understand it well! You are also very eloquent. I believe though, that there is a way that you can improve your article even more! Adding at least a paragraph that looks at this issue through a gendered lens would be extremely beneficial.
It is a fact that one of the reasons that there are less African American students in predominantly white institutions because they do not feel comfortable going to these schools and one has to wonder exactly why. Take for example black men. Many stereotypes surrounding this group of our society are that they are violent and criminals. Because of this they chose not to insert themselves into any potential situations in which they have to deal with these stereotypes.
But when looking at the black males that do go to these schools, one can see that the idea of them having a double conscious is a reality. This can be described as black people having to navigate between being someone that white people would accept and their actual black selves.
For more information on double consciousness go to:
Because of this, even more black males chose not to go to these PWIs creating an even nasty cycle of under representation.

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