NUCLEAR POWER DEBATE
by mensahs3 on April 27, 2016 - 3:25pm
A nuclear power debate base on the fuel cycle to the key economic and environmental advantages and disadvantages of nuclear power was held on the 3rd of March 2016 in Coventry University 212GED oil & gas students. My acting role as EdF Witness local employee from Sizewell Nuclear Power Station,be in favor of “Pro nuclear”.
The debate was to discuss why the committee should agree to deploy a nuclear power station in Hartlepool. Our main concern about the generation of energy by nuclear is the radioactive natural waste, the worry about its health and safety. It frightens the public as it being looked as a mas destruction or perhaps a nuclear weapons and this makes it hard for one to easily adopt to the benefit of nuclear energy but just a few realize the changes it bring to our lives over fewer years.
Nuclear plant uses Uranium atoms238. These are split in a process called fission, which releases energy that is used to make steam, and used to power a turbine to generate electricity. True the fuel is very radioactive and the harm to health could be cancer and for military security it could be use as a war weapon.
(EDF Energy, 2016)
Another concern Dealing with, is the decommissioning of a nuclear plant and the challenges that are likely to occur during the cleaning of the material waste such as air and water pollution which harms the community, the devastating story, Fukushima 2011 accident in Japan which was triggered by an earthquake and resulting into a tsunami which killed thousand, and lead to the destruction of a nuclear plant and the release radioactive waste.
Despite being the country to suffer from this, Japan still has a good nuclear power fuel cycle to benefit its country future for a reliable and affordable electricity supplies (World Nuclear Association, 2016), using data gotten from the accident to improve the mechanisms of nuclear technology for a better way of generating electrification and safer.
Japan’s electricity production is expected to increase to at least 40% by 2018. Following the Fukushima accident, it restarted two reactors in 2015.It is very expensive to build and operate a nuclear power station, UK Energy Act 2011, lunch a statutory body (ONR) to regulate the safety and security of the operations of nuclear power plant. This energy laws governs and strictly limit its technology use for a peaceful respond and highly regulated to human and environment protection.
As Pro nuclear, it was debated on the advantages supporting nuclear power to not only be for government interest to lower energy cost, but increase a high chance of achieving the target of 80% reduction in gas emission by 2050 Under the Climate Change Act 2008, the UK has a legally binding.
Electrification is the greatest achievement of the 20th century, Oil and gas has being the traditional fuel source, compared to other renewable power source but there are more ways of electrical generation and all have its advantages and disadvantages with respect to operational cost and environmental impact. Fossil fuelled power station comes with similar capacity and features. They both need heat in the process. In a nuclear station the uranium replace burning of fossil fuel, less fossil fuel being use, the lower greenhouse emission are achieved. However it is true no energy source is entirely free from carbon emissions across its full cycle.
In the case of running a nuclear power station there are some emissions obtained
· In building the station,
· Uranium mining
· And fuel processing.
But will avoid about 9 million tonnes of carbon dioxide emissions a year. Nuclear industry in UK will generally meet 7% its electrical needs and keep contributing below 2 degrees centigrade (UK Energy And Emissions, 2016) and eliminating the negative future climate change.
("United Kingdom 2013")
Technology has made it possible to advance and be able to put down measure to reduce the cost of investing into Liquid thorium fluride reactor, sodium fast reactor and others, with improvement in the storage, treatment and disposal of radioactive waste are safe from any environment dangers. One of the new generations is Terrapower, developed for a sustainable and economic nuclear energy system help to reduced proliferation risk and helping in solving nuclear waste problems.
However, if a typical 1000-megawatt (MWe) reactor of a nuclear power station can provide enough electricity for a modern city of up to one million people, that is to say, less fuel offers for more energy. The capital cost of running nuclear is close to coal and gas (Nuclear Power Economics, 2016)
With the kind of fuel been used (uranium), if there should be any major uncorrected malfunction in a reactor the fuel may overheat and melt, but it cannot explode like a bomb. The 2011 Fukushima accident was confirmed to be a result of earthquake, investigations also shows that reactors where old and also a high percentage of human error, unsafe site can be at higher risk to common disasters as the Fukushima.
Though renewable source are rising, e.g. wind account for 9% electrical powers since 2004.we consume 25% of electricity from renewable than coal. For Uk to meet its target of zero there has to be an equalization of wind, wave, and solar power with high investment into nuclear power as too much of everything being generated from nuclear or renewables with fossil fuels will lead to similar rises in greenhouse emissions. Uk ‘s little interest in nuclear power, led to a shortfall in trained nuclear experts, adapting to nuclear power, the benefits will be the creation of 25,00 employment opportunities not only to the surrounding community but also across the country, benefit from the skills gained in addition adding an extra boost to the national grid and minimum impact to the environment climate change.
Site Capacity (MW)
Reactors per site
1971 - 2014
Wylfa 2 closed April 2012.
1983 - 2019
1988 - 2023
Hinkley Point B
1976 - 2023
1976 - 2023
1983 - 2018
1983 - 2019
1988 - 2023
1995 - 2035
Table shows nuclear plant station being operated & soon to be close (Pub.iaea.org, 2013)
To think about consumers’ consummation, I believe in economical energy, nuclear power industries development is to be fully supported. Not only do I consider the life cycle safe, as there hasn’t been any trouble over the past 50years in the case of waste management and less on pollution (United Kingdom 2013)
Advancing technology is making it safe and clean energy to the environment. I still stand pro nuclear and support the idea of nuclear power stations. It can serves as the nation back up energy, and economy.
From the debate I also agree on the advantage of a sustainable electricity power to tertiary, secondary and the primary sector, a reliable power supply. It is in the country best interest to always invest resource on renewables since technologies are now available to invest into the future energy of UK.
There is a long term legacy of having the biggest time bomb in Uk,” growth of energy, new jobs and educational research into nuclear technology are the drive keys to advancing into upgrading the grid by 2020 by a clean energy generation and be able to cop with the rising demand for electricity.