Who Changed Psychology and Better Defined Mental Health?
by DanielaSpinelli on March 17, 2014 - 10:53am
Before the 1940’s mental health was mainly based on Sigmund Freud’s research on how the individual’s mental wellbeing was dependent on a mothers care, a functioning libido, conscious and unconscious mind. Someone who was known as “the father of client-centered therapy” (Holl, 1997) and “the most significant humanistic theorist” (Cherry, 2014) has changed the world of psychology. The leading figure of psychotherapy and development of the popular theory of personality development is Dr. Carl Rogers. He has significantly changed the way mental health is analyzed by the discovery that “psychoanalytic, experimental, and behavioural therapists were preventing their clients from ever reaching self-realization and self-growth due to their authoritative analysis”(Holl, 1997).
Many of my posts are related to mental health and how common and easy it is for a mental illness to take over one’s health. For example, my most recent article addresses the world issue of domestic violence and I have linked it to the psychological effects on a victims mind. Those who are exposed to harm tend to develop mental illnesses and have difficulties functioning day to day. In my posts about mental health I stress that mental well-being should have more awareness and value in societies. The main way people seek help is by speaking to psychologists and psychiatrists in hopes that they can overcome their mental illness. Counselling has been so successful due to Carl Roger claiming that “therapists must express complete acceptance of their patients”(Holl, 1997) this allows for clients to have comfort and courage to speak up. Rogers also introduced the term “client” instead of “patient” so that those who are interested in seeking help do not feel branded with the term “mentally ill”.
Carl Rogers studied psychology and researched beyond psychotherapy by analyzing “education, marriage, leadership, parent child- relationships, and the development of professional standards” (Holl 1997). In short, Rogers accepted and studied the way mental health was defined and found better ways to understand the methodology of mental health by the different stages of every specific and unique case. Rogers found that exposure to life-threatening events and abusive nature may cause for “ the lack of a healthy environment that provides genuineness, acceptance, and empathy what will cause relationships and healthy personalities to not develop as they should, much like a tree will not grow without sunlight and water” ( McLeod, 2007).
Carl Rogers was a big inspiration to doctors, psychologists, and psychiatrist and he continues to inspire those who suffer from mental illness to seek help and reassure victims that they can progress. The wonder of psychology is that new methods and therapeutic ways are continuously being discovered and can be better analyze through all of Carl Rogers theories that focus solely on the patient and the patients well-being.
Note: The links in the first paragrapgh are posted to provide additional information that may not be common knowledge to all.