A scientific method of killing the patients- euthanasia
by Duoo on June 9, 2015 - 10:46am
The euthanasia is always a moral dilemma in the science and the social domains. It is true that it removes all the pains suffered by the patient by using a needle. In the hospital, this action is encouraged since it opens space for others. In addition, it can save the family of the patient from the huge medical expenses if they have financial problems. However, the question comes back to an ethical issue: is it morally correct to kill a human being?
The two approaches to define the ethic say differently in this situation. The deontology is a duty based system. There are universal maxims that all the people have to obey. In other words, it exists some universal rules that are obligated to follow. If one does not abide, then it is said to be morally wrong. On the other hand, the teleology suggests that the morality is only defined by the summum bonum which is the end goal and not the action. The rightness and the wrongness are simply defined by how closed is an individual at summum bonum which has to promote the greatest happiness for the greatest number.
According to the deontology, the euthanasia is wrong since the universal maxim suggests that the act to finish a life of a human being is bad. On the other hand, the teleology cannot determine whether the euthanasia is good or bad because it depends on the end goal, thus the answer can be adjusted in different situations. One of the situations that could happen is when a patient refuses for the treatment because he or she thinks that it is too painful for him or her to wait hopelessly so he or she decides to use the euthanasia to finish his or her life. The result of this decision will lead to the sadness of the family and the friends. Consequently, the end goal does not satisfy the greatest number since only the deceased is released from the pain. Therefore, in this situation, the euthanasia is bad according to the teleology. On the contrary, if the patient is in coma and the family cannot load such a large expense for a long time, it will then be morally right to use the euthanasia since the family can be saved from the reduction the burden of the financial problem. In addition, in term of the space, the hospital can have more rooms for other patients if family member of the people who are in comma decides for them to use the euthanasia.
Therefore, the euthanasia can be morally correct from the teleological perspective, yet, only in certain situation. If the use of the euthanasia can bring the greatest happiness for the greatest number, then it is encourage letting the patient to die in a peaceful way. Nevertheless, if the motivation of the action is selfish and cannot promote the happiness, the euthanasia is then morally wrong in both deontological and teleological perspectives.