Is it considered Murder?
by MelissaBlack on February 9, 2015 - 5:28pm
In 1988, abortion was legalized in Canada. Regardless of this fact, it remains one of the most discussed and debated topics as it is still one of the few countries that allow it. Abortion is the termination of a fetus during human pregnancy and may easily seem morally unjust or ethically wrong seeing that many believe that a human life is being severed. Others view abortion as the removal of a fetus in a good light since they believe that a fetus is not alive until birth. For this reason it is not seen as an act of murder.
We can consider the abortion issue from a deontological perspective which refers to the position where one acts in reason of duty. In light of abortion, a woman in this perspective would choose abortion with the reason that it is her job to make sure that does not give birth. Some decide to end their pregnancies because they feel as if they cannot care for a child themselves. For example, if a sixteen-year old was pregnant as a result of a rape, why should she give birth if the pregnancy was involuntary?
In this case, the young girl was forced into a situation that she was not yet ready pursue. It is highly likely that a young may not have the means to care for and/or raise a child. In such situations, some may then say, in order to avoid murdering a fetus, she can perhaps continue with the pregnancy and then give the baby up for adoption. Having and raising a child may not be the only problem for a young girl, however. Pregnancy is a already a huge responsibility in itself. Her schooling may be affected and other countless various things as well. In this case choosing abortion was her duty and in her best interest.
A utilitarian would choose the situation that would benefit the “greater good” or commonly explained as the situation that is most advantageous for the greater amount of people. In this case, people who are against abortion would say that by aborting the child you are killing it since no good is being done as a result of killing a human (it is considered wrong). Others who agree with the action of abortion might say that aborting the child is a better option seeing that we are disabling the child with an unfortunate life where he/she would not be properly taken care of. There are many different cases that are considered. If a woman has a condition that will only be even more detrimental to her health with pregnancy, imagine what it could do to a fetus. Abortion would be the best option in the case seeing that we are saving the baby from a life of sickness.
Although abortion is an option for pregnant women who do not want to keep the baby, there are various solutions. There are many reasons why women get pregnant and being irresponsible while sexually active is one of them. The idea of abstinence and practicing safe sex should be emphasized more in high school. The affect of having unprotected sex can seriously affect one’s life, and this should be discussed immensely with young people who are beginning the journey of their sexuality.