The mysteries of Mars

by filip_bec on October 2, 2013 - 11:05pm

Scientists were researching and investigating Mars for a very long time. Yet, they continue to find some new features of the Red Planet. How would you feel if you believed in something that wasn’t the real truth? Well, that’s how NASA scientists feel right now…

If you didn’t know, Mars has many craters on its surface. And when I say many, I mean it. They thought these craters came from debris from space that crashed on Mars. This area with many holes is called Arabia Terra. Some of these craters came truly from space debris, but recently, scientists came to the conclusion that Mars had super volcanoes 3.5 billion years ago.  Basically, a super volcano is pretty much as a regular volcano, but with an eruption force 100 times bigger. This is why they don’t have the cone-shaped form, because the eruption is so violent that the top of the volcano comes off. This discovery maybe means nothing big for us, but for scientists, it is a huge step in the understanding of the evolution of Mars. Also, when debris crashes, there is some material around the crater, and the crater itself has a rim because of the impact. Scientists try to find more of these super volcanoes around Mars, because if there are plenty of them, they could completely change the estimates of how the atmosphere formed from volcanic gases, how sediments formed from volcanic ash and how habitable the surface might have been.

I found this article really interesting to read not only because we know something new about Mars, but because it shows how little humans know. We often think that everything has been already discovered, but it is the complete opposite. With the technology nowadays, we find more and more about atoms and space. The discovery about super volcanoes on Mars will lead humanity to a better understanding of space and its mysteries. This article also clearly shows how premises can lead to a conclusion. The conclusion is that Mars has carters that come not only from debris, but also from super volcanoes. The premises are that craters from debris have a rim and some material collapsed from impact. The crater have from super volcanoes has no such characteristic, therefore, they come from super volcanoes.

More information about super volcanoes of Mars can be found on the link down below:

http://www.cbc.ca/news/technology/supervolcanoes-erupted-on-ancient-mars-study-suggests-1.1876430

Comments

You bring up a very interesting point: how much do we really know about our surroundings? Even though we might have theories about what might have caused certain things, there is always just that little bit of fact missing. We can look at how little we know about our own planet. Oceans were explored after space. There is still plenty of things we don't know about our own planet. As this article states (http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2013/06/unfathomable-how-m...) they have found that there are lakes below oceans with species that only live in these underground lakes. Although we might think we know a lot, we barely know the tip of the iceberg and we have so much to learn as a society that it could take generations to get through just the surface of it. Mars is an excellent example of this because they are able to learn something new from it almost every day and it has been years that they have been exploring the Red Planet.

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