Pregnancy in America
by joellekaczmarczyk on February 17, 2014 - 7:29pm
Teenage pregnancy has been an ongoing issue around the world for decades. Throughout my four years of high school, I’ve only known three students get pregnant. One of the girls was my friend’s sister. She just had a baby a month and a half ago. She was nineteen when she got pregnant. From 1991 to 2009, research has been conducted on three teen birth rates, usage of contraceptives, and sex education/parent-to-teen communication. The data compared the birth rates in teenage girls between the ages of 15 and 19, in 1991 to 2009. In 1991, the birth rate was 61.8 births per 1,000 females. In 2009, 39.1 births in 1000 girls occurred. The amount of teen births has decreased significantly in the last eighteen years. Geographically, southern states have the highest number of births from teenage girls. 70.1 births per 1000 were from Hispanic teens. They have the highest childbirth rates. African American girls have the second highest rates in the US. There are other countries whose rates are much higher than United States. The percentage of teenage girls having sex has went down by 8% from 1991 to 2009. Girls are becoming smarter when it comes to sex. The percentage of unprotected sex has decreased, while dual protection has increased. Sex education has increased in schools. 65% female teens received sex education. However, not many teenage girls who are sexually active talk to their parents about sex. Overall, girls are becoming more responsible when it comes to sex. The statistics on teen birth rate is decreasing, while the use of contraceptives are increasing. Sex education is becoming more popular throughout the US. Within the next few years, I’m hoping the teen birth rate decreases not only in the United States, but in the world (Pazol et al, 2009).
The article on teen pregnancy presented an idea for reasoning. Data and information is used to make a point about teenage girls and sex/pregnancy. Most of the article consists of statistics. Statistics are important to show how teenage birthrates, use of contraception, and sex education has changed within the last eighteen years. There was a 37% decrease in childbirth from teenage moms between 1991 and 2009. The article focused on displaying the change in teens’ sex lives. Readers learned from the magazine article that within the past three months, 9% of teens used two contraceptives the last time they had intercourse. It seems as though the article is also bringing our attentions to the fact that African Americans and Hispanics in the US have the highest rates for teen birth. 70.1 births out of 1000 were by Hispanic girls and 59.0 out of 1000 childbirths were delivered by African American teens (Pazol et al, 2009). A lot of information on teenage pregnancy can be found through reading this article. Teenage pregnancy in America is still a problem, but the birthrates for teens are decreasing. Research shows that teens are becoming smarter when it comes to sex.
Pazol, K., Warner, L., Gavin, L., Callaghan, W. M., Splitz, A. M., Anderson, J. E., . . . Kann, L. (2009). Vital Signs: Teen Pregnancy -- United States, 1991-2009. EPSCO HOST, 60, 414-420.