The Forgotten Victims
by afros1 on April 14, 2014 - 6:25pm
For the first time, an innovative psychological study was conducted last fall that aimed to understand the degree and form of bullying among university students and to develop and validate a bullying scale for their use. The subject of bullying within the university level had yet to be studied thoroughly before this experiment. The volunteers of the study included 211 students enrolled in the English Preparatory School of the Eastern Mediterranean University during the fall semester of 2012–2013. Most of the participants were between the ages of 18 to 21 with approximately fifty-four percent being male. Bullying behaviors were classified into four categories: physical, verbal, emotional, and cyber. Each participant was required to classify themselves as either a bully, victim, bully-victim, or bystander and to answer a series of multiple-choice and short answer questions regarding the four categories. Each question examined the degree and form of bullying that individual had either seen, received, or given.
The results of the experiment revealed that most of the bullying proceeding at the university level is more emotional or relational rather than physical or cyber. It also revealed that the victims of the study often suffered severe consequences, such as depression, anxiety, and suicidal thoughts or behaviors. It is hypothesized by the researchers that the decrease in physical and cyberbullying is due to the fact that the nature of bullying that takes changes as people mature. They believe as people mature, they are more apt to attach others on a more personal level, such as face-to-face interaction. A second study was recommended to ensure the validity of the results.
This study touched me profoundly due to the fact that I was bullied as a kid. Although I have not been bullied at the college level, I do know of individuals do. I agree with the study that bullying is more verbal in the young adult level rather than physical or through the cyber world, may it be through Facebook or texting. I believe, as we get older we become more cynical and realize that in order to truly hurt someone they need to hit them right in the heart. Mental and verbal abuse can be some of the most hurtful and damaging forms of bullying and last much longer than physical wounds. Although I am in favor of this article, I believe that the legitimacy of the experiment needs to increase. More trials need to be conducted and on a larger scale. I consider this study to be a stepping-stone understanding the psychology of bullying and a groundbreaking achievement in bully prevention.
Dogruer, N. Yaratan, H. (2014). Developing a bullying scale for use with university students. Social Behavior & Personality: An International Journal. 42, 81–92.