Psychotic or Sleepy?
by Rpien2 on November 4, 2013 - 11:05pm
In the United States of America, one problem citizens seem to struggle with is the opportunity to relax. Relaxation and sleep are very important to reenergize the mind, body and spirit. There are millions of people in America who not only struggle with sleeping, but classify themselves as having insomnia. Insomnia can be classified as a long-lasting conflict including lack of sleep, the inability to fall asleep, or to stay asleep. The ICSD-2 classified insomnia into twelve separate disorders, in which have to meet a laundry list of symptoms. Some of these symptoms include difficulty maintaining sleep, trouble falling asleep, drowsiness and mood swings. Studies show that 40-60% of Americans with insomnia also obtain mood or anxiety disorders. Based on observational studies, doctors tend not to diagnose patients as suffering from insomnia due to high medical costs. The main problem however is the fact that insomnia is more commonly known as a secondary symptom to another medical diagnosis. Needless to say, insomnia is heavily undiagnosed. Since doctors are not diagnosing insomnia, Americans are not obtaining treatment to help them sleep, while doctors are searching for a “greater problem”. Lack of sleep has the ability to have harmful effects on the mind and body. Insomnia is comorbid involving a list of psychiatric effects. A study in 2010 was conducted demonstrating the effects of sleep deprivation. The conclusion of the study mentioned that sleep deprivation included or will lead to emotional unsteadiness, frustration, anxiety, depression and the most obvious: exhaustion. Doctors note that insomnia can also lead to organic illnesses such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, asthma and Parkinson’s disease. Doctors know the effects, but leave Americans struggling with the symptoms. Americans are taking this upon themselves to self-treat with behavioral therapy, over the counter drugs along with herbal or dietary supplements for relief. To aid in insomnia, companies have launched “Sleep America” to provide guidance to those who suffer. Americans are taking it upon themselves to help struggling Americans, but what about the doctors?
Using the documented citizens who suffer from sleep disorders, insomnia is classified as the most prominent sleeping condition. Over half of the individuals who suffer from insomnia also suffer from mental illnesses such as anxiety and depression in which can lead to a number of life threatening diseases. The main point of view presented from Kraus and Rabin includes the lack of medical aid on the disorder of insomnia. It is severely over looked and underplayed, when in reality can result in other health risks. Multiple studies were conducted within the article, however the main being the mood disorders associated with the sleep disorder. Psychiatrists commonly are addressed the case of insomnia and will inform patients about behavioral therapy and natural remedies, but most importantly establishing effort and time to regulate a sleep pattern. Without proper sleep, it makes it difficult for adults to go to work, work efficiently and raise a family. For those without a family and without a job, it is also very hard to maintain certain aspects of everyday life. It is even worse with younger ages as well, especially college students. The amount of work and preparation for the future is prominent, and a proper sleep schedule to reenergize the mind is extremely important.
Source: Kraus, S. and Rabin L. (2012). Sleep America: Managing a Crisis of Adult Chronic Insomnia and Associated Conditions. Journal of Affective Disorders. 138 (3). 192-212