How to Stop Adolescence from Recommitting Crimes
by Omill3 on November 4, 2013 - 11:10pm
The authors Kultegin Ogel, Gulsah Karaday, Gulcin Senyuva, and Habil Kanoglu report that the most effective manner in which to weaken the chances of an adolescent re-committing a crime is to use interventions. Most importantly the authors explain that each intervention fits to the specific person based on risk evaluations, as well as an evaluation to reconsider the needs of the person. Researchers conducted the study at three children/adolescent prisons in Istanbul, Ankara and Antalya. They randomly selected 90 adolescents who were under arrest or being sentenced for their crimes. The ages of the people differed from thirteen to eighteen years old and all consisted of males. In the research the question and investigate the behavioral and mental issues of these children. They ask one hundred and eighteen questions. The first segment of the questions looks more in-depth to the competency of the individuals. The second part investigates into the behavioral and emotional problems that happened within the last six months. Once the children were evaluated they started intervention based on the specific needs of the person. After this they prepared another graph of all of the same topics discussed the first time. For example one question is if they would sit without moving for long periods of time, and this was 93% of the ninety adolescents, it goes on. To conclude the research it was found that adolescents with substance abuse issues and self-harm were at a higher risk for being admitted into institutions and jail. These factors were also shown to increase the seeking of treatment among adolescents; on the other hand though the interventions decreased the risk of them recommitting the crime based on the PSTA (Psychological Screening Test for Adolescents) scale.
I believe that the main purpose of this article is to expose the findings that intervention before a crime is committed is one of the best ways to decrease the risk of the crimes being carried out. It shows if we can see the signs of alcohol abuse, drug abuse, self-harm, and many of the other signs that correlate to crimes, maybe society can put an end to much of the crime. If we can intervene and help the person based on their own personal needs and how much at risk they are, then there is proof that there can be a change. The one problem I see with this article is the underlying fact that it is based merely on men. What if women have different outcomes? I feel as if the researchers were not precise enough on the methods of the research. The researchers should use a more broad range of control groups. The point of the article though is very evident and clear that intervention is one helpful way to help adolescents in jail will have a better outcome and learn from the mistakes they have committed and to not commit these same mistakes again.