What is the impact of being Latino immigrants on their success in Quebec and Spain?

by danielam on October 2, 2017 - 11:11pm

What is the impact of being Latino immigrants on their success in Quebec and Spain?

 

Latin Americans are people who were born in and/or decedents from Central and South America. The majority of the countries in this region are third world countries that have economic and safety problems. Due to the challenges they face every day, many opt to leave their country in order to be able to live a better life and prosper. When it comes to deciding on what country to immigrate to most think about the United States, as it is close and there is a way illegally enter. This year, fewer people are trying to immigrate to the US due to the current president, Donald Trump, and his new policies. Latinos are now looking at other places to migrate to like Canada and Spain. Canadian immigration programs recruit well-educated individuals (people with a college or university degree) which are capable of communicating in French and/or English. This program invites immigrants to move to Canada as there is a higher chance of a better life. The three sources mentioned in this post will talk about Latinos background and the immigration statistics in Canada and Spain. Also, these sources provide reasons of why Latinos migrate to these countries.

                                     

Latinos are relatively new immigrants as they started to arrive in Canada in mid-1990s and are now the third largest ethnic minority in the country.  The recent arrival may influence their success as they do not have many connections in the country and they might have to start with lower wages than they deserve; being educated and having experience. According to Statistics Canada, the four provinces with more Latinos are Ontario (47%), Quebec (27%), British Columbia (13%), and Alberta (9%). Although Spanish and French are very similar, most Latinos do not know French when moving to this province, which creates a language barrier for them to communicate. On the other hand, since it is similar it is much easier for Latinos to learn and understand the language. “The average income Latinos earn is $42,636 ($32,836 in Québec), while the average income for all minority is $47,113 ($39,582 in Québec)” Armony, Victor. Latinos still earn less than others and this might be due to their culture, they are less likely to ask for an increase in their salary.

                   

It is easier for Latinos to immigrate to Spain as the language is the same and they would have no problem understanding and communicating. As well as the fact that they would not need to learn a new language as they already dominate it. Also, since Spain colonized many countries in Latin America, the culture and society are very much alike. Also, it is easier for them to use their education and experience in their new jobs as their knowledge is in the same language; they do not need to translate anything. 35.2% of Spain’s population is from Latin America. Also, less and less people in Spain are having children and this is a problem for the country as the new generations will have fewer people. This is good for immigrants as they could be able to take their families to Spain and their children could one day, have a family of their own. “According to the United Nations Population Division, Spain needs 12 million immigrants from now until 2050 just to maintain labor force levels.” IMD

 

Latinos are also doing the work many do not want to do which is hard and cheap labor work, for example, agriculture. With these types of jobs, employees do not receive a lot of money but they receive more than they could in their own countries. Many Latinos save up their money and send it to their loved ones who are left in their original countries. In 2012, Latin Americans who live in Spain sent about $5 billion to their families in their country of origin. IMD

People from third world countries, like Latin Americans, immigrating to first world countries, like Canada and Spain, have a bigger chance to a better life than those staying in their country of origin. This not only benefits the Latinos but also the countries itself as there are more people working to increase the economy. As mentioned before, Latinos do not have it easy as they have many limits but this does not stop them to try their best in order to succeed. If more and more Latinos migrate to these countries, what would happen to their own countries, will they be abandoned? Is their success related to the countries they are migrating to, or is it related to their country of origin? These are other questions that would also be interesting to research and answer.   

 

Bibliography:

Armony, Victor. “Settling North of the U.S. Border: Canada's Latinos and the Particular Case of Quebec.” LASAFORUM, lasa.international.pitt.edu/forum/files/vol46-issue4/Debates6.pdf. Accessed 1 Oct. 2017.

IMD. “Immigration Shift: Many Latin Americans Choosing Spain Over U.S.” IMDiversity, imdiversity.com/villages/hispanic/immigration-shift-many-latin-americans-choosing-spain-over-u-s/. Accessed 2 Oct. 2017.

Statistics Canada. “The Latin American Community in Canada.” Statistics Canada, www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/89-621-x/89-621-x2007008-eng.htm. Accessed 1 Oct. 2017.

 

About the author

My name is Daniela Moncada and I am from Honduras. I am a third-year student at Champlain College St. Lambert studying Tourism. I am loyal, honest and compassionate. I know 3 languages which are Spanish, English, and French. I also like to cooperate when needed and I can cook.