The Immediate and Long-Term Effects of Family Income on Child and Adolescent Bullying.
by danielle_harmon on December 8, 2016 - 3:42pm
In the article “The Immediate Long-Term Effect of Family Income on Child and Adolescence Bullying,” C. Andre Christine -Mizell explored into the relationship between family incomes and bullying. Bullying is a recurring problem in society, where not only children but adults as well are showing repeatedly negative actions towards others. Bullying includes physical bullying, emotional bullying, verbal bullying, social bullying, cyber bullying, and many other forms. Bullying effects children’s lives greatly but according to Christine-Mizell, family income effects children’s lives as well. I agree that bullying is occurred often and may be affected by family income. Although I believed that in most situations children that came from low-income families are the ones involved in bullying, Christine-Mizell proves that this is not the case.
According to earlier research, children who come from disadvantage homes; with disadvantages, such as income; were more likely to be involved with negative behavior such as bullying. (Bosworth et al. 1999; Espelage, Bosworth, and Simon 2000; Parcel and Menaghan 1993; Tattum and Herbert). Christine-Mizell however, believed that not enough research has been done to make such conclusions. This is because few researchers actually did research about the backgrounds of upper family incomes instead they only researched about those will lower family incomes. This caused there to only be results about the children who came from low income families.
One major factor to how a child behaves is based off their relationship with their parents. Children who have positive relationships with their parents are usually familiar with the social norms. This means that they know how to behave not only around their parents and in their own home but around non-related people, such as their peers and teachers. This means that they should also know how to behave when in public, for example places such as school, the grocery store, and restaurants. According to Coleman’s social capital theory, family resources may also influence the social behavior of children. The first resource that may influence children’s behavior is the amount of schooling the parents have completed as well as their ability to think. The second resource that may influence children’s behavior is the income that is used for the household as well as the economic resources. The final resource that may influence children’s behavior, as explained above, the parent-child relationship, which is useful for a child’s social development. In my opinion, all three of these resources influence children behavior. I agree with this because children look up to their parents, which means every move their parents makes influence how their child behaves.
Christine-Mizell’s main goal of this study was to identify the relationship between family incomes and children’s social behavior and to prove that those who come from low income families are not the only ones who are involved in such negative behavior. Data was collected by secondary data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth Child Sample. In conclusion, results claim that children at both lower and higher ends of the income graph are involved in high levels of bullying behavior. Children who come from high quality homes are just as likely to take part in bullying behaviors as those who came from disadvantaged homes. In fact, those who are classified as middle class income were much less involved in the bullying behavior than others.
Retrieved from: Christine-Mizell, C. (2004). The Immediate and Long-Term Effects of Family Income on Childe and Adolescence Bullying. Sociological Focus 37(1), 25-41. http://www.jstor.org.uri.idm.oclc.org/stable/20832219
Espelage, Dorothy L., Kris Bosworth, and Thomas R. Simon. 2000. "Examining the Social Context of Bullying
Tattum, Delwyn P. and George Herbert. 1997. Bullying: Home, School, and Community. London: David Fulton